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铁观音纯雅礼和
铁观音纯雅礼和


乌龙茶色香韵味
‍‍乌龙茶色香韵味
News Detail

中国茶文化

  1
Issuing time:2022-01-15 14:20

在两晋南北朝时,茶被誉为是清廉的象征,当时一些崇尚儒家文化的政治家们为了对抗当时的奢靡之风,提出“以茶养廉”的政治手段。在魏晋之时,天下动乱,文人们无心治世,渐渐退出朝政,那么这些清闲的人,该如何打发时间?


也唯有高谈阔论,纵情于山水之间与志同道合的友人谈论治世之道。于是多设宴饮,茶便成了助兴之物,。我们可能会好奇,当时的宴饮,无非就是以酒为乐。不妨想想,饮酒并非是常事,毕竟豪饮数日不醉者是少数。茶呢,可以代替酒水且有保持清醒的效果。于是,文人们就将对酒的喜爱转向了茶。




随着当时社会的发展,在儒家思想盛行的汉代,饮茶文化更是进入到了文化的领域。在经济文化发展繁荣的唐朝,茶文化更是达到了鼎盛时期。当时唐朝疆域辽阔,唐朝的统治者注重外交,丝绸之路将茶叶带向世界各地。


当时的科举制度让诗风大盛,文人们也习惯于附庸风雅,他们将饮茶作为雅致的一种体现,更是专门将茶道变成了一门学问。在这样繁荣的时期,茶文化想鼎盛也很难。文学家陆羽还自成茶派学说,将茶艺、茶道思想推向大众。他所著的《茶经》是一个划时代的标志——标志着茶文化的鼎盛。《茶经》所注其实并非茶道,而是借物喻志,他将诗人的气质和文化的思想融入到了茶文化之中,表达出自身强烈的高雅之志。




茶文化在经过几千年的发展后所形成的不仅只是饮茶之道,这其中还包括茶叶制作技巧、茶叶品评技法、品茗之道等等各种类别有关茶的文化。在这些过程中,体现的是形式和精神的统一。


所以为什么中国人爱饮茶?我们该有答案了。其本质还是在长期的饮茶活动中形成的一种文化现象。它包含了对于历史的追忆,对于生活的追求。在生活节奏越加快速的今天,想要在纷繁复杂的世界中寻找一方心灵的净土,品茶就能达到这样的一种目的。

During the two Jin and Southern and Northern Dynasties, tea was known as a symbol of incorruptibility. At that time, some politicians who advocated Confucian culture put forward the political method of "keeping incorruptibility with tea" in order to combat the extravagance of the time. During the Wei and Jin Dynasties, the world was in turmoil, and the literati had no intention of governing the world, and gradually withdrew from the government, so how should these idle people pass the time?


There is only talk and talk, indulging in the landscape and talking about the way to govern the world with like-minded friends. So there are many banquets, and tea has become a thing to add to the fun. We may be curious that the feasting at that time was nothing more than the pleasure of wine. Think about it, drinking is not common, after all, there are very few people who don't get drunk for a few days. As for tea, it can replace alcohol and has the effect of keeping you awake. As a result, the literati turned their love for wine to tea.




With the development of society at that time, in the Han Dynasty when Confucianism prevailed, the tea drinking culture entered the field of culture. In the Tang Dynasty, when the economy and culture developed and prospered, the tea culture reached its heyday. At that time, the Tang Dynasty had a vast territory, the rulers of the Tang Dynasty focused on diplomacy, and the Silk Road brought tea to all parts of the world.


The imperial examination system at that time made the style of poetry prosperous, and the literati were also accustomed to being arty. They regarded tea drinking as a manifestation of elegance, and they specially turned the tea ceremony into a science. In such a prosperous period, it is difficult for tea culture to flourish. The writer Lu Yu also developed his own tea school theory, and promoted the tea art and tea ceremony thought to the public. His book The Classic of Tea is an epoch-making symbol - marking the heyday of tea culture. "The Classic of Tea" is not actually a tea ceremony, but a metaphor for aspirations. He integrated the poet's temperament and cultural thoughts into the tea culture, expressing his strong and elegant aspirations.




After thousands of years of development, tea culture has formed not only the way of drinking tea, but also various types of tea-related culture such as tea making skills, tea evaluation techniques, and tea tasting methods. In these processes, the unity of form and spirit is embodied.


So why do Chinese people love to drink tea? We should have an answer. Its essence is a cultural phenomenon formed in the long-term tea drinking activities. It contains the recollection of history and the pursuit of life. Today, when the pace of life is getting faster and faster, if you want to find a pure land for one's soul in the complicated world, tea tasting can achieve such a purpose.


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