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乌龙茶色香韵味
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福建茶叶

  1
Issuing time:2021-10-23 11:05

福建自古出名茶,福建人爱茶如命。无论是串门走亲戚,还是商业会谈,众人围坐茶盘旁,一切话题都从小小一杯清澈温情的香茗开始。不论贫贱富贵,不论老少妇孺,对于闽南人而言,茶是一种最没有隔阂的心灵交流。




福建地图


1、地理位置


福建位于我国东南沿海,东隔台湾海峡与台湾省相望。陆地平面形状似一斜长方形,东西最大间距约480千米,南北最大间距约530千米;大部分属中亚热带,闽东南部分地区属南亚热带;土地总面积12.4万平方千米,海域面积13.6万平方千米。境内峰岭耸峙,丘陵连绵,河谷、盆地穿插其间,山地、丘陵占全省总面积的80%以上,素有“八山一水一分田”之称。地势总体上西北高东南低,横断面略呈马鞍形。因受新华夏构造的控制,在西部和中部形成北(北)东向斜贯全省的闽西大山带和闽中大山带,两大山带之间为互不贯通的河谷、盆地,东部沿海为丘陵、台地和滨海平原。


2、气候条件


全年气温偏高,降水量正常略偏少,日照正常,气象灾害偏轻,气候年景正常。冬季气温、降水正常。年平均气温19.7℃,偏高0.4℃,属偏高。冬季(12~2月)平均气温为10.8℃,与常年持平,属正常;春季(3~4月)平均气温为17.4℃,较常年偏高1.2℃,属偏高;雨季(5~6月)平均气温为24.2℃,较常年偏高0.2℃,属正常;夏季(7~9月)平均气温为27.8℃,较常年偏高0.9℃,属异常偏高;秋季(10~11月)平均气温为19.7℃,较常年偏高1.0℃,属偏高。年降水量为1504.2毫米,偏少107.5毫米,约1成,属正常略偏少。冬季平均降水量为198.8毫米,较常年偏多5.2毫米,属正常;春季平均降水量为248.5毫米,较常年偏少114.8毫米,属偏少;雨季平均降水量为503.2毫米,较常年偏多10.8毫米,属正常;夏季平均降水量为453.3毫米,较常年偏少3.4毫米,属正常;秋季平均降水量为151.6毫米,较常年偏多46.1毫米,属偏多。全年汛情特点是降雨量正常偏少,降雨场次偏少;洪水场次少、量级小,主要江河干流均为一般洪水。


3、主要产茶地区




1.安溪

2.武夷山

3.福州

4.华安

5.漳平

6.福鼎

7.平和

8.诏安

9.永春

10.政和

11.南安

12.宁德

13.崇安


福建名茶品种


1、漳平水仙




漳平水仙(图 | 张列权)


漳平水仙茶是汉族茶农创制的传统名茶。福建省漳平市特产,中国地理标志产品。漳平九鹏溪地区是漳平水仙茶主产区,其优越的自然环境条件,形成了漳平水仙茶独特的品质。水仙茶饼更是乌龙茶类唯一紧压茶,品质珍奇,风格独一无二,极具浓郁的传统风味,香气清高幽长,具有如兰气质的天然花香,滋味醇爽细润,鲜灵活泼,经久藏,耐冲泡,茶色赤黄,细品有水仙花香,喉润好,有回甘,更有久饮多饮而不伤胃的特点,畅销于闽西各地及广东、厦门一带,并远销东南亚国家和地区。获得中国农业博览会、中国农副产品博览会金奖。


2、福州茉莉花茶


茉莉花茶又称茉莉香片,是汉族传统名茶,由汉族茶农创制于宋代。有"在中国的花茶里,可闻春天的气味"之美誉。花茶属于再加工类茶,而茉莉花茶又是众多花茶品种中的名品。茉莉花茶是将茶叶和茉莉鲜花进行拼和、窨制,使茶叶吸收花香而成的。茉莉花茶使用的茶叶称茶坯,一般以绿茶为多,少数也有红茶和乌龙茶。




茉莉龙珠(图 | 菩提守望)


据文献记载,福州茉莉花茶的源头可追溯至两千年前的汉代。把茉莉花香与茶香交织在一起,是福州人又一智慧的创造,生产出的茶叶深受人们喜爱。福州市委、市政府从地理标志、产业联盟、品牌运作、整体宣传等方面,倾力打造世界茉莉花茶之乡。不仅恢复了优质茉莉花生产基地,还制定统一的质量标准,提升福州茉莉花茶产业整体水平。2014年,在意大利罗马举行的联合国粮农组织全球重要农业遗产理事会和研讨会上,福州茉莉花种植与茶文化系统入选"全球重要农业文化遗产"。申遗成功让福州茉莉花茶企业激动不已,这块"世界级"的金字招牌将促进茉莉花茶出口实现新的飞跃。


3、龙岩斜背茶


龙岩斜背茶是汉族茶农创制的名茶。具有三百多年悠久历史,早在上世纪七十年代就列福建十大名茶之一,是龙岩市新罗区唯一入选《中国茶经》“地产名茶名录”的优质高山精品名茶。斜背茶以产地命名。优质的斜背茶,以其条索灰绿带黄、汤色黄绿、叶底嫩黄绿亮之"三著黄绿"而别具一格。尤以其香气清高而稍带艾香、滋味浓厚回甘犹如新鲜橄榄、生津持久而耐人寻味。




拍摄 | 汇友茶社 张列权


龙岩斜背茶产于福建省龙岩市新罗区江山乡的老寨、新寨、背洋、山头、梅溪村等地,迄今已有300多年的历史。斜背村位于万山之巅,海拔高达1248米,背洋和梅溪两村海拔也达1000米以上。山上云雾弥漫,日照时间较短,年日照时数为2058小时,年平均气温17℃左右,年降雨量1683毫米,平均相对湿度75%,土壤多为黄壤、灰棕壤,含有石英细砾,质地疏松。茶树多种植在山垅两旁或是房前屋后的零星地上。在长期独特的生态条件影响下,茶树芽叶的理化特性发生了变化,表现在芽梢叶色黄绿,每到春季,满园皆黄。芽叶中叶绿素含量较低,水浸出物、茶多酚含量比绿色芽叶高,全氮和粗蛋白质含量较低。这些内在因素的存在,为形成斜背茶别具一格的品质风格,提供了物质基础。其干茶色泽灰绿带黄,汤色黄绿,叶底嫩绿黄亮,以“三著黄绿”而闻名。还因其香气清高而略带艾香,滋味浓厚回甘犹如新鲜橄榄而受到广大饮茶爱好者的青睐,畅销福建、广东及有闽籍侨胞旅居的新加坡等地。斜背茶采自福建当地菜茶品种,以大叶种菜茶炒制品质最佳。立夏左右进行采摘,不采夏、秋茶。斜背茶的制作全程需3~4h,主要工艺有杀青、揉捻、初炒、摊凉、复炒、过筛摊凉、再复炒、再过筛摊凉、足干等九道工序。


该茶主要集中于老寨、新寨、背阳三村,梅溪、山头村也有少量种植,各地海拨都在1000米以上,区域分布面积700余亩;最大茶树在背阳村,椐称有近百年树龄,树高6.5米,树幅5.0米,树干最粗处直径16厘米,这棵大茶树与其它几十棵茶树连种在一起。老寨村也有一棵百多年的老茶树,上世纪中后叶该茶树主干已老朽,后由其根部又簇发新枝,近二十年来该茶树高已达2.5米,树冠宽约达1.5米。


4、平和白芽奇兰


白芽奇兰属于乌龙茶类。产于福建省平和县。相传清乾隆年间(公元1735~1795年),在平和县大芹山下的崎岭乡彭溪"水井"边长出一株奇特的茶树,新萌发出的芽叶呈白绿色。于是采摘其鲜叶制成乌龙茶,结果发现该茶具有奇特的兰花香味,因此将这株茶树取名为"白芽奇兰"。制成的乌龙茶也称"白芽奇兰"。后经人们采用无性繁殖的方法扩大栽培至今,已有250多年的历史。




白芽奇兰(图 | 福茶之心)


白芽奇兰茶外形紧结匀整,色泽翠绿油润,香气清高持久,兰花香味浓郁,滋味醇厚,鲜爽回甘,汤色杏黄清澈明亮,叶底肥软。白芽奇兰茶干嗅能闻到幽香,冲泡后兰花香更为突出,这就是白芽奇兰的特点。


相传明成化年间,开漳圣王陈元光第二十八代嫡孙陈元和在福建平和境内发现一株茶树,因芽梢呈白绿色,带有兰花香气,故名"白芽奇兰茶"。若干年以后,白芽奇兰茶成为福建平和县农业部门科技人员从地方茶树群体品种中单株选育成功的中国珍稀乌龙茶新良种。


从上世纪九十年代初开始,白芽奇兰茶很快从"藏在深闺人未识",一跃名扬天下。如今,它已是漳州茶叶栽培面积最多的品种,和铁观音、武夷岩茶、闽北水仙、永春佛手一起跻身福建五大茶叶名品行列。在平和,白芽奇兰茶种植十万亩,年产量达八千多吨,产值五点五亿元,远销港、澳、台及日本、欧盟、东南亚等国家和地区。特别是在时下国际金融危机背景下,白芽奇兰茶没有遇到降价和滞销问题,反而逆势旺销,今年开春以来订单应接不暇,销量比去年同期增长百分之十。


由于白芽奇兰茶的产地海拔达800米,茶树病虫害少,没有使用农药。制作时采用中国传统制作工艺,既符合人们的饮茶习惯,又有健康保健作用,符合国际市场对有机茶的要求。因此,近年来,白芽奇兰茶畅销日本及欧盟等国家,受到国外顾客的欢迎。


5、武夷岩茶




大红袍(图来源于网络,感谢原创作者)


武夷山茶叶生产的历史十分悠久。据《从“濮闽”向周武王贡茶谈起》一文,早在商周时,武夷茶[1]就随其“濮闽族”的君长,会盟伐纣时进献给周武王了。西汉时,武夷茶已初具盛名。唐朝元和年间(公元806-820年)孙樵在《送茶与焦刑部书》中提到的“晚甘侯”是武夷茶别名的最早的文字记载。到了宋代,武夷茶已称雄国内茶坛,成为贡茶。大文学家范仲淹就有“溪边奇茗冠天下,武夷仙人从古栽,”“北苑将期献天子,林下雄豪先斗美”的诗句。元明两朝,在九曲溪之第四曲溪畔,创设了皇家焙茶局,称之为“御茶园”,从此,武夷茶大量入贡。








2008年中茶海堤牌真枞水仙 | 实拍图


6、诏安八仙茶




诏安八仙茶(图来源于网络,感谢原创作者)


诏安八仙茶产于福建省诏安县,属小乔木大叶类,植株高大,根系发达,春季萌芽早,冬季封园迟,育芽能力强,芽梢抽长快,节间长,茸毛短而少,芽头较瘦小,梗细小,喜荫湿,抗寒性较弱。适制绿茶和乌龙茶,香气高,品质优。


7、永春佛手


永春佛手茶又名香橼种、雪梨,因其形似佛手、名贵胜金,又称"金佛手",主产于福建永春县苏坑、玉斗、锦斗和桂洋等乡镇海拔600米至900米高山处。乃佛手品种茶树梢制成, 是福建乌龙茶中风味独特的名品。




永春佛手发源地


佛手茶树品种有红芽佛手与绿芽佛手两种(以春芽颜色区分),以红芽为佳。鲜叶大的如掌,椭圆形,叶肉肥厚,3月下旬萌芽,4月中旬开采,分四季采摘,春茶占40%。


佛手茶成品特征茶条紧结肥壮,卷曲,色泽砂绿乌润,香浓锐,味甘厚,耐冲泡,汤色橙黄清澈。冲泡时馥郁幽芳,冉冉飘逸,就像屋里摆着几颗佛手、香椽等佳果所散发出来的绵绵幽香沁人心腑。


8、福鼎白毫银针


白毫银针,简称银针,又叫白毫,是一种汉族传统名茶,属白茶类。素有茶中"美女"、"茶王"之美称。白毫银针由福建省的汉族茶农创制于1889年,产地位于中国福建省的福鼎市和南平市政和县。由于鲜叶原料全部是茶芽,白毫银针制成成品茶后,形状似针,白毫密被,色白如银,因此命名为白毫银针。其针状成品茶,长三厘米许,整个茶芽为白毫覆被,银装素裹,熠熠闪光,令人赏心悦目。冲泡后,香气清鲜,滋味醇和,杯中的景观也使人情趣横生。茶在杯中冲泡,即出现白云疑光闪,满盏浮花乳,芽芽挺立,蔚为奇观。




9、桐木正山小种


正山小种茶是世界红茶的鼻祖。之"正山",乃表明是真正的"高山地区所产"之意,原凡是武夷山所产的茶,均称作正山,集中赤石加工,而武夷山附近所产的茶称外山,集中星村加工,但星村外山茶制成小种红茶之后,在市场独树一帜,故正山小种又称"星村小种",以区别武夷山区以外所产之小种。




正山小种干茶


小种红茶是福建省的特产,有正山小种和外山小种之分。正山小种产于崇县星村乡桐木关一带,也称“桐木关小种”或“星村小种”。政和、坦洋、北岭、屏南、古田 张天福为“正山小种”红茶发源地石碑揭幕、沙县及江西铅山等地所产的仿照正山品质的小种红茶,质地较差,统称“外山小种”或“人工小种”。有的将低级工夫红茶熏烟制成小种工夫,称“烟小种”亦叫“假小种”。


真正的桐木红茶外形条索肥实,色泽乌润,泡水后汤色红浓,香气高长带松烟香,滋味醇厚,带有桂圆汤味,加入牛奶茶香味不减,形成糖浆状奶茶,液色更为绚丽。其成品茶外形紧结匀整,色泽铁青带褐,较油润,有天然花香,香不强烈,细而含蓄,味醇厚甘爽,喉韵明显,汤色橙黄清明,叶底欠匀净,与其他茶拼配,能提高味感。这种正山小种桐木红茶产自武夷山星村镇桐木关地区,所以得名,该地点是国家级自然保护区,冬暖夏凉,年降雨量可达到2000毫米。而且种植这种红茶的海拔必须在1000-1500米的武夷山北坡。


10、福安坦洋工夫


坦洋工夫源于福安境内白云山麓的坦洋村,相传清咸丰、同治年间(公元1851 --1874年),坦洋村有胡福四(又名胡进四)者,试制红茶成功,经广州运销西欧。很受欢迎,此后茶商纷纷入山求市,接踵而来并设洋行,后因茶类布局的变更,由"红"改"绿

Fujian has been famous for tea since ancient times, and people in Fujian love tea as life as their lives. Whether it is visiting relatives or business meetings, everyone sits around the tea tray, and all topics start from a small cup of clear and warm tea. Regardless of poor, low, rich or expensive, no matter whether it is young or old or young, for the people of southern Fujian, tea is a kind of spiritual communication that has the least barriers.




Map of Fujian


1. Geographical location


Fujian is located on the southeast coast of China, facing Taiwan Province across the Taiwan Strait to the east. The shape of the land is like an oblique rectangle. The maximum distance between east and west is about 480 kilometers, and the maximum distance between north and south is about 530 kilometers; most of them belong to the middle subtropical zone, and parts of southeast Fujian belong to the south subtropical zone. The total land area is 124,000 square kilometers and the sea area is 13.6. Ten thousand square kilometers. There are towering peaks and ridges, continuous hills, river valleys and basins interspersed between them. Mountains and hills account for more than 80% of the total area of the province. It is known as "eight mountains, one river and one field". The terrain is generally higher in the northwest and lower in the southeast, with a saddle-shaped cross section. Due to the control of the New Cathaysia structure, the western and central Minxi mountain belts and the central Fujian mountain belts, which run through the north (north) east syncline across the province, are formed in the western and central parts. Hills, terraces and coastal plains.


2. Climatic conditions


The temperature is relatively high throughout the year, the precipitation is slightly less normal, the sunshine is normal, the meteorological disasters are mild, and the climate year is normal. Temperature and precipitation are normal in winter. The annual average temperature is 19.7℃, which is 0.4℃ higher, which is relatively high. The average temperature in winter (December to February) is 10.8°C, which is the same as that of normal years, which is normal; the average temperature in spring (March to April) is 17.4°C, which is 1.2°C higher than normal, which is high; the rainy season (May to June) ) The average temperature is 24.2℃, which is 0.2℃ higher than normal, which is normal; the average temperature in summer (July to September) is 27.8℃, which is 0.9℃ higher than normal, which is abnormally high; the average temperature in autumn (October to November) The temperature is 19.7℃, which is 1.0℃ higher than usual, which is relatively high. The annual precipitation is 1504.2 millimeters, which is 107.5 millimeters less, about 10%, which is slightly less than normal. The average winter precipitation is 198.8 mm, 5.2 mm more than normal, which is normal; the average spring precipitation is 248.5 mm, 114.8 mm less than normal, which is less; the average rainfall in the rainy season is 503.2 mm, 10.8 more than normal The average rainfall in summer is 453.3 mm, which is 3.4 mm less than normal, which is normal; the average rainfall in autumn is 151.6 mm, which is 46.1 mm more than normal, which is too much. The flood situation throughout the year is characterized by relatively low rainfall and relatively few rainfall events; the flood events are few and the magnitude is small, and the main streams of the main rivers are ordinary floods.


3. Main tea producing areas




1. Anxi

2. Wuyi Mountain

3. Fuzhou

4. Huaan

5. Zhangping

6. Fuding

7. Peace

8. Zhao'an

9. Yongchun

10. Zhenghe

11.Nan'an

12. Ningde

13. Chong'an


Fujian famous tea varieties


1. Zhangping Narcissus




Zhangping Narcissus (Photo | Zhang Liequan)


Zhangping Narcissus Tea is a traditional tea created by Han tea farmers. Special product of Zhangping City, Fujian Province, Chinese geographical indication product. The Jiupengxi area of Zhangping is the main producing area of Zhangping narcissus tea. Its superior natural environmental conditions have formed the unique quality of Zhangping narcissus tea. Narcissus tea cake is the only pressed tea of oolong tea. It has a unique quality and unique style. It has a strong traditional flavor. The fragrance is high and long. It has a natural floral fragrance like orchids. The taste is mellow and moist, fresh and flexible, durable and resistant Brewed, tea-colored, red-yellow, fine products have the fragrance of daffodils, the throat is moisturized, and it is sweet, and it has the characteristics of drinking for a long time without hurting the stomach. It is sold in all parts of Western Fujian, Guangdong and Xiamen, and exported to Southeast Asian countries. And region. Won the gold medal of China Agricultural Expo and China Agricultural and Sideline Products Expo.


2. Fuzhou jasmine tea


Jasmine tea, also known as jasmine fragrant tablets, is a traditional famous tea of the Han nationality, created by the Han nationality tea farmers in the Song Dynasty. It has the reputation of "in Chinese scented tea, you can smell the smell of spring". Scented tea belongs to reprocessed tea, and jasmine tea is a famous product among many varieties of scented tea. Jasmine tea is made by blending and scenting tea leaves and jasmine flowers so that the tea leaves absorb the fragrance of flowers. The tea used in jasmine tea is called green tea, and green tea is generally the most, but a few also have black tea and oolong tea.




Jasmine Dragon Ball (Photo | Bodhi Watch)


According to the literature, the source of Fuzhou jasmine tea can be traced back to the Han Dynasty two thousand years ago. The interweaving of the fragrance of jasmine and the fragrance of tea is another wise creation of the people of Fuzhou, and the tea produced is deeply loved by the people. The Fuzhou Municipal Party Committee and the municipal government have made every effort to create the world's hometown of jasmine tea in terms of geographical indications, industrial alliances, brand operations, and overall publicity. Not only has the high-quality jasmine production base been restored, but also unified quality standards have been formulated to improve the overall level of Fuzhou's jasmine tea industry. In 2014, at the FAO Global Important Agricultural Heritage Council and Seminar held in Rome, Italy, Fuzhou's Jasmine Planting and Tea Culture System was selected as "Global Important Agricultural Cultural Heritage". The success of the application for jasmine tea has excited Fuzhou jasmine tea enterprises. This "world-class" golden sign will promote the export of jasmine tea to a new leap.


3. Longyan Xiebei Tea


Longyan Xiebei Tea is a famous tea created by Han tea farmers. With a long history of more than 300 years, it was listed as one of the top ten famous teas in Fujian as early as the 1970s. It is the only high-quality high-quality high-quality high-quality high-quality high-quality high-quality high-quality tea selected in the "Property Tea List" of "Chinese Tea Classics" in Xinluo District, Longyan City. . Xiebei tea is named after the place of origin. The high-quality slanting back tea is unique with its yellowish green strips, yellow-green soup color, and bright yellow-green leaves at the bottom of its leaves. Especially with its high scent and a little scent of wormwood, the taste is strong and sweet, like fresh olives, and the body fluid is long-lasting and intriguing.




Filming | Huiyou Tea House Zhang Liequan


Longyan Xiebei tea is produced in Laozhai, Xinzhai, Beiyang, Shantou, Meixi Village, Jiangshan Township, Xinluo District, Longyan City, Fujian Province. It has a history of more than 300 years. Xiebei Village is located on the top of Wanshan Mountain, with an elevation of 1,248 meters. The two villages of Beiyang and Meixi are also more than 1,000 meters above sea level. The mountains are full of clouds and fog, the sunshine duration is short, the annual sunshine hours are 2058 hours, the annual average temperature is about 17℃, the annual rainfall is 1683 mm, and the average relative humidity is 75%. The soil is mostly yellow soil, gray brown soil, and contains fine quartz gravel. The texture is loose. Tea trees are mostly planted on both sides of the mountain ridge or on the scattered ground in front of and behind the house. Under the influence of long-term unique ecological conditions, the physical and chemical characteristics of tea buds and leaves have changed. The color of the buds and leaves is yellow and green. Every spring, the whole garden is yellow. The content of chlorophyll in bud leaves is lower, the content of water extract and tea polyphenols is higher than that of green bud leaves, and the content of total nitrogen and crude protein is lower. The existence of these internal factors provides a material basis for the formation of the unique quality style of Xiebei tea. Its dry tea is gray-green with yellowish color, its soup is yellow-green, and its leaf bottom is bright green and yellow. It is famous for its "three yellows and greens". It is also favored by tea drinkers because of its high fragrance and a little bit of Ai scent, and its strong taste is like fresh olives. It is popular among tea lovers in Fujian, Guangdong, and Singapore where there are overseas Chinese living in Fujian. Xiebei tea is picked from a local vegetable tea variety in Fujian, and the best quality is fried with large-leaf vegetable tea. Picking is carried out around Lixia, not summer and autumn tea. The whole process of making slanted back tea takes 3 to 4 hours. The main processes include finishing, rolling, initial frying, cooling, re-frying, sieving and cooling, re-frying, sieving and cooling, and foot drying.


The tea is mainly concentrated in the three villages of Laozhai, Xinzhai, and Beiyang. A small amount of tea is also grown in Meixi and Shantou villages. The altitude of each place is above 1,000 meters, and the regional distribution area is more than 700 acres. The largest tea tree is in Beiyang Village, which is known as Nearly a hundred years old, the tree is 6.5 meters high, the tree width is 5.0 meters, and the diameter of the thickest part of the trunk is 16 cm. This big tea tree is planted together with dozens of other tea trees. There is also an old tea tree in Laozhai Village that is more than a hundred years old. In the middle and late last century, the main trunk of the tea tree was decayed, and new branches were clustered from its roots. In the past two decades, the tea tree has reached 2.5 meters in height and the crown width is about 1.5 meters. Meter.


4. Peace White Bud Qilan


Baiya Qilan belongs to the oolong tea category. Produced in Pinghe County, Fujian Province. According to legend, during the Qianlong period of the Qing Dynasty (1735~1795), a peculiar tea tree grew beside the "water well" in Pengxi, Qiling Township, at the foot of Daqin Mountain in Pinghe County. The newly sprouted buds and leaves were white and green. So I picked the fresh leaves to make oolong tea, and found that the tea has a peculiar orchid fragrance, so the tea plant was named "White Bud Qilan". The made oolong tea is also called "Baiya Qilan". Later, people used the method of vegetative propagation to expand cultivation, and it has a history of more than 250 years.




White Bud Qilan (Picture | Heart of Fucha)


White Bud Qilan Tea has a tight and uniform appearance, emerald green and oily color, high and long-lasting aroma, rich orchid fragrance, mellow taste, fresh and refreshing sweetness, clear and bright apricot yellow soup, and fat and soft leaf bottom. The dry smell of Baiya Qilan tea can smell the delicate fragrance, and the orchid fragrance is more prominent after brewing. This is the characteristic of Baiya Qilan.


According to legend, during the Chenghua reign of the Ming Dynasty, the 28th generation grandson of the king of Kaizhang Chen Yuanguang, Chen Yuanhe, discovered a tea tree in Pinghe, Fujian. It was named "White Bud Qilan Tea" because of its white-green shoots and the aroma of orchids. . A few years later, Baiya Qilan tea became a new Chinese rare oolong tea variety that was successfully selected by the scientific and technical personnel of the agricultural department of Pinghe County, Fujian Province from the individual plant of the local tea plant population.


Since the early 1990s, Baiya Qilan tea has quickly become famous all over the world from being "hidden in a deep boudoir". Today, it is the variety with the largest area of tea cultivation in Zhangzhou, and it ranks among the top five famous tea products in Fujian along with Tieguanyin, Wuyi Rock Tea, Minbei Narcissus, and Yongchun Bergamot. In Pinghe, Baiya Qilan tea is planted in 100,000 mu, with an annual output of more than 8,000 tons and an output value of 550 million yuan. It is exported to Hong Kong, Macao, Taiwan, Japan, the European Union, Southeast Asia and other countries and regions. Especially in the context of the current international financial crisis, Baiya Qilan tea has not encountered price cuts and slow sales, but has been selling well against the trend. Since the beginning of the spring this year, orders have been overwhelming, and sales have increased by 10% over the same period last year.


Since Baiya Qilan tea is produced at an altitude of 800 meters, there are few diseases and pests of tea trees, and no pesticides are used. The traditional Chinese craftsmanship is used when making it, which not only conforms to people's tea drinking habits, but also has health care effects and meets the requirements of the international market for organic tea. Therefore, in recent years, Baiya Qilan tea has been sold well in Japan, the European Union and other countries, and has been welcomed by foreign customers.


5. Wuyi Rock Tea




Da Hong Pao (The picture comes from the Internet, thanks to the original author)


The history of tea production in Wuyishan is very long. According to the article "Talking from "Pu Min" to the King of Zhou Wu Gong Tea", as early as in the Shang and Zhou Dynasties, Wuyi Tea[1] followed its "Pu Min" monarch and offered it to the King of Zhou Wu when he met with the leader of the "Pu Min tribe". NS. In the Western Han Dynasty, Wuyi tea has begun to become famous. During the Yuanhe period of the Tang Dynasty (806-820 AD), Sun Qiao's "Late Ganhou" mentioned in "Send Tea and Jiao Xing Bushu" was the earliest written record of the alias of Wuyi tea. In the Song Dynasty, Wuyi tea had become the dominant tea in the domestic tea world and became a tribute tea. Fan Zhongyan, a great writer, has a poem that "the wonderful tea by the stream crowns the world, and the immortals of Wuyi are planted from ancient times," "the Beiyuan will present the emperor, and the lords under the forest will fight for the beauty". During the Yuan and Ming dynasties, the Royal Baked Tea Bureau was established on the banks of the fourth of the Jiuqu River, called the "Imperial Tea Garden". Since then, a large number of Wuyi tea has been tributed.








2008 China Tea Haidi Brand True Fir Narcissus | Real Shots


6. Zhao'an Eight Immortals Tea




Zhaoan Eight Immortals Tea (The picture comes from the Internet, thanks to the original author)


Zhao'an Eight Immortals Tea is produced in Zhao'an County, Fujian Province. It belongs to small trees and big leaves, with tall plants, well-developed roots, early sprouts in spring, late closing of the garden in winter, strong budding ability, fast shoot shoots, long internodes, and short hairs. The buds are small, the buds are thinner, the stalks are small, they like shade and wetness, and their cold resistance is weak. Suitable for making green tea and oolong tea, with high aroma and high quality.


7. Yongchun bergamot


Yongchun bergamot tea, also known as citron species and Sydney, is also known as "golden bergamot" because of its shape resembling bergamot and precious gold. It is mainly produced in towns such as Sukeng, Yudou, Jindou and Guiyang in Yongchun County, Fujian Province at an altitude of 600 meters. 900 meters high mountain. It is made from the tip of bergamot tea tree, which is a famous product with unique flavor in Fujian Oolong tea.




The birthplace of Yongchun bergamot


There are two varieties of bergamot tea tree, red bud bergamot and green bud bergamot (differentiated by the color of spring buds), with red buds being the best. The fresh leaves are as big as palms, oval, with thick fleshy flesh. They sprout in late March and are harvested in mid-April. They are picked in four seasons. Spring tea accounts for 40%.


The characteristics of the finished product of bergamot tea are tight and fat, curly, sandy green in color and lustrous, fragrant and sharp, sweet and thick, resistant to brewing, and the soup is orange-yellow and clear. When brewing, it is rich and elegant, and it is like the lingering fragrance of a few bergamot, incense rafters and other good fruits in the room.


8. Fuding Baihao Silver Needle


Baihao Yinzhen, also called Baihao for short, is a traditional famous tea of the Han nationality, belonging to the category of white tea. Known as the "beauty" and "tea king" in tea. Baihao Silver Needle was created in 1889 by a tea farmer of the Han nationality in Fujian Province. It is produced in Fuding City and Nanping Municipality and County in Fujian Province, China. Since the raw materials of the fresh leaves are all tea buds, after making the finished tea with Baihao Yinzhen, the shape resembles needles, the white quilt is dense and the color is white as silver, so it is named Baihao Yinzhen. The needle-shaped finished tea is three centimeters long, and the whole tea bud is covered with pekoe, wrapped in silver and gleaming, which is pleasing to the eye. After brewing, the aroma is refreshing, the taste is mellow, and the landscape in the cup is also very interesting. When the tea is brewed in the cup, white clouds and suspicious lights appear, full of floating flower milk, and the buds stand upright, which is a spectacle.




9. Tongmu Lapsang Souchong


Lapsang Souchong tea is the originator of black tea in the world. The "Zhengshan" means that it is truly "produced in high mountain areas". Originally, all the tea produced in Wuyishan was called Zhengshan and concentrated on red stone processing, while the tea produced near Wuyishan was called Waishan and concentrated star. It is processed in the village, but after Xingcun’s outside camellia is made into Souchong black tea, it is unique in the market, so Lapsang Souchong is also called "Xingcun Souchong" to distinguish the soots produced outside the Wuyi Mountains.




Lapsang Souchong Dry Tea


Souchong black tea is a specialty of Fujian Province, divided into Lapsang Souchong and Waishan Souchong. Zhengshan Souchong is produced in the Tongmuguan area of Xingcun Township, Chong County, and is also called "Tongmuguan Souchong" or "Xingcun Souchong". Zhenghe, Tanyang, Beiling, Pingnan, Gutian Zhang Tianfu unveiled the stone stele of the birthplace of "Zhengshan Souchong" black tea, Shaxian and Qianshan, Jiangxi, produced souchong black tea that mimics the quality of Lapshan, and the texture is poor. Collectively referred to as "Waishan Souchong" or "Artificial Souchong". Some smoked low-level black tea into soots, called "smoke soots" or "fake soots".


The real paulownia black tea is fat and solid in appearance and lustrous in color. After soaking in water, the soup is red and rich, with a high aroma with rosy smoke, and a mellow taste. It has the flavor of longan soup. Adding milk tea has an undiminished fragrance to form a syrupy milk tea. The liquid color is more gorgeous. The finished tea has a tight and uniform appearance, with iron blue and brown color, relatively oily, natural floral fragrance, not strong fragrance, fine and subtle, mellow and sweet, with obvious throat rhyme, the soup color is orange and yellow, and the bottom of the leaves is not uniform. Blending can improve the taste. This kind of Lapsang Souchong Tongmu black tea is produced in the Tongmuguan area of Xingcun Town, Wuyi Mountain, so it gets its name. The site is a national nature reserve, warm in winter and cool in summer, and the annual rainfall can reach 2000 mm. And the altitude for planting this black tea must be 1000-1500 meters above the northern slope of Wuyi Mountain.


10. Fuan Tanyang Gongfu


Tanyang Gongfu originated from Tanyang Village at the foot of Baiyun Mountain in Fu'an. According to legend, during the Qing Xianfeng and Tongzhi reigns (1851-1874), there were Hu Fusi (also known as Hu Jinsi) in Tanyang Village. The trial production of black tea was successful. Guangzhou transports and sells to Western Europe. It is very popular. Since then, tea merchants have entered the mountains to seek the market, and they have set up foreign companies one after another. Later, due to changes in the layout of tea, they changed from "red" to "green".


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