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铁观音纯雅礼和

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安溪铁观音品质的因素  天、地、人、种

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Issuing time:2021-10-04 13:42

形成安溪铁观音优异品质的主要因素有哪些?


铁观音质量好主要因素是“天、地、人、种”有机结合。


“天”:是指安溪具有得天独厚的适宜铁观音生长和初制要求的自然气候条件,包括气温、日照、降水量、相对湿度等;“地”:是指安溪具有独特的立地条件,包括安溪县所处的经纬度、土壤条件和植被等;“人”:是指安溪茶农具有精湛而独特的传统制茶技术;“种”:是指采用扦插繁育的纯正铁观音茶种。



什么样的海拔高度对种植铁观音最适宜?


在安溪种植铁观音以海拔300-1000米最适宜。


什么土壤类型适合铁观音茶树生长?


PH值在4.5-6.0的红壤、砖红壤、黄红壤、砂质壤土。


铁观音茶树的种植的适宜行株距是多少?


①单行双株:种植规格一般行距为1.4-1.5米,株距30-35厘米。种植时,两株不要紧贴,以避免日后两株主干枝相贴,影响生长;②双行单株:种植规格一般行距1.3-1.4米,株距20-30厘米。种植时,株与株位置错开,以利根系伸展。




铁观音茶树留采的适宜高度是多少?


修剪面与地面距离为60-80厘米为宜。可根据茶园所处的海拔、地形、地势,适当增加或减少。


铁观音茶园梯壁留草的主要措施有哪些?


推行以剪代除,保持梯壁常年有绿草覆盖;同时可以选择一些适应性强、固土效果好的草种种植,如:爬地兰、香茅草、百喜草等。


为什么茶园要进行土壤耕翻?


土壤耕翻能保持茶园良好的养分供应状态。其作用:①疏松土壤,破除土壤板结;②改善土壤的通气性和透水性,促进土壤微生物活力,提高土壤吸肥吸水能力;③促进茶树根系的更新和生长;④杀虫、杀菌和除草。


安溪县茶叶质量可追溯的核心是什么?


①生产有记录;②流向可跟踪;③信息可查询;④责任可追究;⑤产品可召回。



什么是生态茶园?


指在同一片茶园上以茶树为主要物种,通过实施立体复合栽培,多物种共生共荣,使茶树生长与茶园生态系统和谐统一。


安溪县建设生态茶园的技术措施有哪些?


①合理种植树木;②梯壁留草或种草;③套种绿肥;④建设水利系统;⑤完善道路设施。


怎样才算是高标准、高质量的茶园?


①茶园集中成片,生产实现区域化;②坡地、山地建园标准化;


③土壤深垦基肥化;④种植规格化;⑤环境林园绿肥化。


什么是茶庄园?


集茶园基地、生产加工、文化传播、科研创新、旅游观光、休闲体验、品牌营销等为一体的茶园称之为茶庄园。




安溪铁观音采制时节如何区分?


季别


节气


时间


春茶


谷雨至立夏后


4月中下旬~5月上旬


夏茶


夏至前后至小暑前


6月中下旬~7月上旬


署茶


立秋前后至处暑


8月上旬~8月下旬


秋茶


秋分前后至寒露


9月下旬~10月上旬


安溪铁观音鲜叶原料采摘有何讲究?


①采摘天气:选择晴天;②采摘时间:上午9时至下午4时;③采摘嫩度:小、中开面一芽三叶,提倡适当嫩采。


安溪铁观音精湛的初制工艺包括哪几道主要工序?


安溪铁观音制作工艺流程复杂,主要有10道工序:采青→晒青→做青(摇青、晾青)→杀青→揉捻→初烘→初包揉→复烘→复包揉→烘干。


安溪铁观音的主要香气成分是什么?


安溪铁观音的香气成分达上百种,其主要香气成分是橙花叔醇、吲哚、紫罗酮、a-萜品醇、2-苯乙醇、茉莉内酯、茉莉酮酸甲酯等。


安溪铁观音香气是如何形成的?


安溪铁观音香气成分来自于鲜叶,香气的形成主要是在做青期间酶促反应的结果,还有一部分则是烘焙、复火等工序中热效应引起的物化反应而形成的。



安溪铁观音茶汤颜色和滋味的主体成分是什么?


茶汤颜色主体成分是茶黄素、茶红素、茶褐素等;滋味主体成分是茶多酚、氨基酸、嘌呤碱等。


什么样的天气有利于制作出优质的铁观音?


天气晴朗、气候干燥,昼夜温差大,是制作高香优质铁观音的最佳气候,俗称“北风天”。


安溪铁观音精制工艺流程有哪些?


安溪铁观音从鲜叶到毛茶的加工过程称为“初制”,从毛茶到成品茶过程称为“精制”。其主要工艺流程是:毛茶→验收→归堆→筛分→风选→拣剔→号茶拼配→烘焙→摊凉→匀堆→拣杂→包装→成品茶。


浓香型安溪铁观音烘焙环节主要有哪些作用?


①提香作用,使香气转为清纯;②减少苦涩,使滋味更甘醇;③叶色转为黄绿色,铁观音茶叶带有焦糖香和甜味感;④水分含量降低,保持品质,利于贮藏。

英语翻译

What are the main factors that form the excellent quality of Anxi Tieguanyin?


The main factor is the organic combination of "heaven, earth, people and species".


"Tian": refers to Anxi's unique natural climate conditions suitable for Tieguanyin growth and initial production requirements, including temperature, sunshine, precipitation, relative humidity, etc.; "land": refers to Anxi's unique site conditions, including Anxi The latitude and longitude of the county, soil conditions, vegetation, etc.; "people": refers to the exquisite and unique traditional tea-making technology of Anxi tea farmers; "species": refers to the pure Tieguanyin tea species that are bred by cuttings.



What altitude is the most suitable for planting Tieguanyin?


It is most suitable to plant Tieguanyin in Anxi at an altitude of 300-1000 meters.


What soil type is suitable for Tieguanyin tea plant growth?


Red soil, latosol, yellow-red soil and sandy loam with a PH value of 4.5-6.0.


What is the suitable row spacing for planting Tieguanyin tea trees?


①Single row and double plants: The planting specifications are generally 1.4-1.5 meters in row spacing and 30-35 cm in spacing between plants. When planting, the two plants should not be close to each other, to avoid the two main branches of the plant, which will affect the growth in the future; ②Double-row single plant: The planting specifications are generally 1.3-1.4 meters in row spacing and 20-30 cm in plant spacing. When planting, the position of the plant and the plant are staggered to facilitate the extension of the root system.




What is the appropriate height for Tieguanyin tea trees?


The appropriate distance between the trimming surface and the ground is 60-80 cm. It can be appropriately increased or decreased according to the altitude, topography, and topography of the tea garden.


What are the main measures to leave grass on the terrace walls of Tieguanyin tea garden?


Promote the use of cutting instead of cutting to keep the terrace walls covered with green grass all year round; at the same time, you can choose some grass species with strong adaptability and good soil-fixing effect, such as: climbing orchid, citronella, bahia grass, etc.


Why do tea gardens need soil tillage?


Soil tillage can maintain a good nutrient supply status in tea gardens. Its functions: ① loosen the soil, break soil compaction; ② improve soil aeration and water permeability, promote soil microbial activity, and increase soil fertility absorption capacity; ③ promote tea root regeneration and growth; ④ insecticide, sterilization and weeding.


What is the core of tea quality traceability in Anxi County?


①The production is recorded; ②The flow can be tracked; ③Information can be inquired; ④Responsibility can be investigated; ⑤Products can be recalled.



What is an ecological tea garden?


Refers to the use of tea trees as the main species in the same tea garden, through the implementation of three-dimensional compound cultivation, multi-species symbiosis and co-prosperity, so that the growth of tea trees and the ecological system of the tea garden are harmoniously unified.


What are the technical measures for the construction of ecological tea gardens in Anxi County?


①Plant trees rationally; ②Leave grass or plant grass on the ladder wall; ③Interplant green manure; ④Build water conservancy system; ⑤Improve road facilities.


What is a high-standard and high-quality tea plantation?


①Tea gardens are concentrated into a patch, and production is regionalized; ②The construction of gardens on slopes and mountains is standardized;


③Soil deep cultivation and fertilization; ④Standardization of planting; ⑤Environmental forest garden green manure.


What is a tea estate?


The tea garden that integrates tea garden base, production and processing, cultural communication, scientific research and innovation, tourism and sightseeing, leisure experience, brand marketing, etc. is called a tea manor.




How to distinguish the production season of Anxi Tieguanyin?


Jibetsu


Solar terms


time


Spring tea


Gu Yu to Lixia


Mid-to-late April to early May


Summer tea


Around the summer solstice to before the summer


Mid to late June to early July


Department of Tea


The heat is everywhere before and after the beginning of autumn


Early August to late August


Autumn tea


Around the autumnal equinox to cold dew


Late September to early October


What are the specialties about picking raw materials for Anxi Tieguanyin fresh leaves?


① Picking weather: choose sunny days; ② Picking time: 9:00 am to 4:00 pm; ③ Picking tenderness: small and medium-open noodles with one bud and three leaves. Proper picking is recommended.


What are the main processes of Anxi Tieguanyin's exquisite initial manufacturing process?


The production process of Anxi Tieguanyin is complicated, and there are mainly 10 processes: picking green → drying green → making green (shaking green, drying green) → finishing → kneading → initial drying → initial packaging kneading → re-drying → compounding kneading → drying .


What are the main aroma components of Anxi Tieguanyin?


Anxi Tieguanyin has hundreds of aroma components. The main aroma components are nerolidol, indole, ionone, a-terpineol, 2-phenylethanol, jasmonolactone, methyl jasmonate, etc.


How is the fragrance of Anxi Tieguanyin formed?


The aroma components of Anxi Tieguanyin come from fresh leaves. The formation of the aroma is mainly the result of the enzymatic reaction during the greening period, and part of it is formed by the physical and chemical reactions caused by the thermal effect in the baking and refire processes.



What are the main components of the color and taste of Anxi Tieguanyin tea soup?


The main components of tea soup color are theaflavins, thearubicins, and theafucins; the main flavor components are tea polyphenols, amino acids, purine bases, etc.


What kind of weather is conducive to making high-quality Tieguanyin?


The weather is sunny, dry, and the temperature difference between day and night is big.


What are the refining process of Anxi Tieguanyin?


The process of Anxi Tieguanyin from fresh leaves to Maocha is called "primary production", and the process from Maocha to finished tea is called "refined". The main process flow is: Mao tea → acceptance → sorting → screening → winnowing → picking → number tea blending → baking → cooling → even pile → picking → packaging → finished tea.


What are the main functions of the aromatic Anxi Tieguanyin baking process?


①Fragrance enhancement, making the aroma pure; ②Reduce bitterness and make the taste more mellow; ③The leaf color turns to yellow-green, and the tea has a caramel and sweet taste; ④The moisture content is reduced to maintain the quality, which is good for storage .


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