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中秋节 喝铁观音茶 吃月饼 赏月

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Issuing time:2021-09-21 19:00

中秋节是我们最重要的传统节日之一




中秋节又称月夕、秋节、仲秋节、八月节、八月会、追月节、玩月节、拜月节、女儿节或团圆节,是流行于中国众多民族与东亚诸国中的传统文化节日,时在农历八月十五;因其恰值三秋之半,故名,也有些地方将中秋节定在八月十六。




中秋节始于唐朝初年,盛行于宋朝,至明清时,已与元旦齐名,成为中国的主要节日之一。受汉族文化的影响,中秋节也是东南亚和东北亚一些国家尤其是生活在当地的华人华侨的传统节日。




中秋节再忙,也要和家人一起赏月品茗:安溪铁观音





全家人一起中秋赏月




赏月在汉代以后就成一种高雅的风俗,赏月咏月的诗赋,累见篇牍。到唐代,赏月活动约定俗成在八月十五夜进行。中唐时期福建进士欧阳詹的《玩月诗序》说:八月于秋,季始孟终,十五于夜,又月之中……太空悠悠,婵娟徘徊,桂华上浮,升东林,入西楼。肌骨与之疏凉,神气与之清冷。”




此中,说出中秋赏月之妙与风俗形成的来由。到了宋代,八月十五才定为中秋节。《梦梁录》说:“八月十五日,中秋节,此日三秋恰半,故谓之中秋。”




如果要把这千年来的历史读懂的话,不妨把这千年岁月当做一条长河,中秋的传统是一艘木船,而铁观音茶,则是船上的帆,两者相伴,驶过了遥远的历史。





全家人一起中秋品茗




有中秋节的历史,就是有饮茶的历史。




自唐朝开始,就有煮饮团茶的习俗。宋朝,又以福建建瓯一带的北苑龙凤团茶作为贡茶。极品的团茶,“其饼绝精,价值金二两”。团茶也被称作“月团”,中秋之夜,团茶代表着团圆,赏月饮团茶更是天造之合。




古时的团茶,有繁琐的程序,经过炙、捣、碾、筛,然后在釜中煎煮而成。想来中秋月圆之夜,等待着,成为一种风景。




自明太祖罢贡团茶后,茶叶主要以散茶为主,品饮也成了现在的冲泡法。明月没有变,茶事多有流转。当年作为贡品的团茶只能在皇家大院中煮饮,而后的散茶,却如月光一样撒播于千家庭院。





全家人更要一起中秋吃月饼




据说,中秋吃月饼最早可以上溯到周代,源自我们民族祭月拜月的一种仪式,可以说是自然拜物教的一种表现。嫦娥奔月,吴刚折桂,玉兔捣药,“嫦娥应悔偷灵药,碧海青天夜夜心”,多么美好的诗句,已经成为我们民族古老而美妙的神话之一,演绎着农业时代人们把月亮作为一种神对待的那不同一般的崇拜。这个传统一直延续到解放初期,那时还有卖兔爷儿的,是把兔子奉为与嫦娥一样神的。




传说到了唐代,月饼还不叫月饼,因馅中有核桃芝麻的舶来品而叫做胡饼,是杨贵妃中秋吃胡饼看到月亮时,心血来潮说就把胡饼叫做月饼吧,于是把月饼的冠名权归杨贵妃了。当然这只是民间的演绎。其实,我国最早出现月饼的文字记载,是出于苏东坡的诗句:“小饼如嚼月,中有酥和饴。”也就是说从宋代时起,月饼才渐渐大行其市,并且让月饼多了团圆的另一层含义,圆圆的月饼正好取了团圆的圆的象征意思,万里此情同皎洁,一年今日最分明。




清代有竹枝词写道:“红白翻毛制造精,中秋送礼遍都城。”民国北平的俗曲唱道:“荷花未全卸,又到中秋节,家家户户把月饼切,香蜡纸马兔儿爷,猜拳行令同赏月。”可以想见,在岁月的更迭变迁之中,月饼已经普及得相当广泛了。




这个中秋节,你一定要放下手机,只做这件事情!

英语翻译

Mid-Autumn Festival is one of our most important traditional festivals




The Mid-Autumn Festival is also known as the Moon Festival, Autumn Festival, Mid-Autumn Festival, August Festival, August Meeting, Moon Chasing Festival, Moon Festival, Moon Worship Festival, Girl's Day or Reunion Festival. It is popular among many ethnic groups in China and East Asian countries. The traditional cultural festival of China is on the fifteenth day of the eighth lunar month. Because it is half of the third autumn, hence the name, the Mid-Autumn Festival is set on August 16th in some places.




The Mid-Autumn Festival began in the early years of the Tang Dynasty and prevailed in the Song Dynasty. By the Ming and Qing Dynasties, it had been as famous as New Year's Day and became one of the main festivals in China. Influenced by the Han culture, the Mid-Autumn Festival is also a traditional festival for some countries in Southeast Asia and Northeast Asia, especially for the overseas Chinese living there.




No matter how busy the Mid-Autumn Festival is, you should also enjoy the moon and taste tea with your family:





Mid-Autumn Festival with the whole family




Appreciating the moon became an elegant custom after the Han Dynasty. In the Tang Dynasty, it was customary for moon appreciation activities to be held on the night of August 15th. In the Mid-Tang Dynasty, Fujian Jinshi Ouyang Zhan’s "Preface to Poems on Playing with the Moon" said: August is in autumn, the season begins and ends, fifteen is at night, and the moon is in the middle of... , Enter the West Building. Muscles and bones relax and cool with it, and the air is cool with it. "




Here, the reasons for the formation of the magic and customs of the Mid-Autumn Festival are explained. In the Song Dynasty, the Mid-Autumn Festival was set on August 15th. "Meng Liang Lu" said: "August 15th, Mid-Autumn Festival, this day is just half of the third autumn, so it is called Mid-Autumn Festival."




If you want to understand the history of these thousand years, you might as well regard these thousand years as a long river. The Mid-Autumn Festival tradition is a wooden boat, and tea is the sail on the boat. The two go hand in hand and sail through the distant history.





Mid-autumn tea with the whole family




The history of the Mid-Autumn Festival means the history of tea drinking.




Since the Tang Dynasty, there has been a custom of cooking and drinking group tea. In the Song Dynasty, Beiyuan Longfeng Tuan Tea from Jianou, Fujian was used as the tribute tea. The supreme group tea, "its cakes are superb, worth two liang". Tuan Cha is also called "Moon Tuan". On the night of Mid-Autumn Festival, Tuan Cha represents reunion, and it is a match made in heaven to enjoy the moon and drink Tuan Cha.




Tuancha in ancient times was made by cumbersome procedures, which were roasted, pounded, crushed, sieved, and then boiled in a kettle. I want to come to the night of the full moon in the Mid-Autumn Festival, and wait and become a kind of scenery.




Since the Emperor Ming Taizu stopped paying tribute to tuan tea, the main tea is loose tea, and tasting has become the current brewing method. The bright moon has not changed, and tea matters have flowed. The tuan tea that was used as a tribute back then could only be boiled and drunk in the royal compound, while the loose tea was spread like moonlight in thousands of courtyards.





The whole family wants to eat moon cakes together on Mid-Autumn Festival




It is said that eating moon cakes during the Mid-Autumn Festival can be traced back to the Zhou Dynasty. It originated from a ritual of our nation to worship the moon. It can be said to be a manifestation of natural fetishism. Chang'e flies to the moon, Wu Gang turns osmanthus, jade rabbit pounds medicine, "Chang'e should regret stealing the elixir, blue sea and blue sky and night heart", what a beautiful verse, has become one of the ancient and wonderful myths of our nation, deducing people in the agricultural era. The unusual worship that the moon treats as a god. This tradition continued until the early days of liberation. At that time, there were sellers of Lord Rabbit, who regarded rabbits as gods like Chang'e.




Legend has it that in the Tang Dynasty, moon cakes were not called moon cakes. They were called Hubing because of the imported walnuts and sesame seeds in the filling. It was Yang Guifei who ate Hubing during the Mid-Autumn Festival. The naming right belongs to Concubine Yang. Of course this is just a folk interpretation. In fact, the earliest written record of moon cakes in our country originated from Su Dongpo’s poem: “Small cakes are like chewing the moon, with crisp and syrup in it.” In other words, moon cakes began to become popular in the Song Dynasty, and moon cakes became popular. There is another meaning of reunion. The round moon cakes just take the symbolic meaning of reunion. Wanli is the same as the bright and clean, and the year is the most clear today.




In the Qing Dynasty, there was a bamboo stick poem that wrote: "Red and white turned wool makes fine, Mid-Autumn Festival gifts are all over the capital." The folk song of Peking in the Republic of China sings: "The lotus is not completely unloaded, and it is Mid-Autumn Festival, every household cuts moon cakes, scented paper horse rabbits, and guesses the box. The same moon appreciation.” It is conceivable that moon cakes have become quite popular in the changing times.




This Mid-Autumn Festival, you must put down your phone and only do this!


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