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乌龙茶色香韵味
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正山小种

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Issuing time:2021-09-20 12:54

正山小种产地在福建省武夷山市,受原产地保护。“正山”指的是桐木及桐木周边相同海拔地域;“小种”是指其茶树品种为小叶种,且产品品质及产量受地域的小气候所限之意。用相同一种传统工艺制作;品质相同,独具桂圆汤味的统称“正山小种”。


关于正山小种的等级区分,目前通用的正山小种行业标准,其分为等(条索)仿传统制法小种、特级,一级、二级、三级小种。特等正山小种红茶选用品质最优的毛茶,再按最传统的工序进行再加工,保持了古老的正山小种的原汁原味;特级正山小种红茶,条形较小,且干闻时香味更浓,耐泡程度也更好;一级正山小种红茶条形要大些,片梗稍微多些;二级正山小种红茶外观成条,有茶片。香味也是随着等级的下降也随之减小,耐泡程度相似。


此外,正山小种分烟种和无烟种,以在制作工艺上是否有用松针或松柴熏作为区分依据:有用松针或松柴熏制的称为“烟正山小种”,没有用松针或松柴熏制的则称为“无烟正山小种”。


正山小种的这两种不同制作工艺生产出来的茶有较为明显的区别。无烟正山小种的外形色彩为深褐色,因为熏制的原因,烟正山小种的干茶色彩更黑而润泽些。从汤色上区别,无烟正山小种汤色红艳,清澈明亮;烟正山小种则色彩更加浓艳。从内质上区别,烟正山小种的桂圆汤香甜味更显著,滋味更甜醇,而且,烟正山小种另具有独特的松烟香味,别具风味。

英语翻译

Lapsang Souchong is produced in Wuyishan City, Fujian Province, and is protected by the place of origin. "Zhengshan" refers to paulownia and the surrounding area at the same altitude; "souchong" means that its tea varieties are small-leaf species, and the product quality and yield are limited by the local microclimate. It is made with the same traditional craft; the same quality and unique longan soup flavor is collectively called "Zhengshan Xiaozhong".


Regarding the classification of Lapsang races, the current general Lapsang race industry standards are divided into equal (strip) imitating traditional production method races, special grades, first, second, and third grade races. The premium Lapsang Souchong black tea is made of the best quality Maocha, and then reprocessed according to the most traditional procedures to maintain the original flavor of the ancient Lapsang Souchong; the special Lapsang Souchong black tea has smaller strips and is dry. When it smells, the fragrance is stronger and the bubble resistance is better; the first-level Lapsang Souchong black tea has a larger strip shape and slightly more stalks; the second-level Lapsang Souchong black tea has a striped appearance and has tea chips. The fragrance also decreases as the grade decreases, and the degree of foam resistance is similar.


In addition, Lapsang Souchong is divided into tobacco and non-smokers, based on whether it is smoked with pine needles or pine firewood in the production process: the smoked with pine needles or pine firewood is called "Yanzhengshan Souchong", and no pine needles are used. Or smoked with pinewood is called "Smokeless Lapsang Souchong".


There are obvious differences between the tea produced by these two different production processes of Lapsang Souchong. The appearance color of the smokeless Lapsang Souchong is dark brown. Because of its smoking, the color of Yanzhengshan Souchong's dry tea is darker and moisturized. Different from the soup color, Yanzhengshan Souchong soup is red and bright, clear and bright; Yanzhengshan Souchong has a stronger color. In terms of internal quality, Yanzhengshan Souchong's longan soup has a more pronounced sweetness and a sweeter taste. Moreover, Yanzhengshan Souchong has a unique pine tobacco fragrance and unique flavor.


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