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铁观音纯雅礼和

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乌龙茶色香韵味
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西坪铁观音

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Issuing time:2021-09-18 10:50


铁观音(tiě guān yīn)茶,汉族传统名茶,属于青茶类,是中国十大名茶之一。原产于福建泉州市安溪县西坪镇,发现于1723-1735年。"铁观音"既是茶名,也是茶树品种名,铁观音茶介于绿茶和红茶之间,属于半发酵茶类,铁观音独具"观音韵",清香雅韵,冲泡后有天然的兰花香,滋味纯浓,香气馥郁持久,有"七泡有余香之誉 "。除具有一般安溪铁观音茶叶的保健功能外,还具有抗衰老、抗动脉硬化、防治糖尿病、减肥健美、防治龋齿、清热降火,敌烟醒酒等功效。


铁观音含有较高的氨基酸、维生素、矿物质、茶多酚和生物碱,有多种营养和药效成分,具有养生保健的功能。于民国八年自福建安溪引进木栅区试种,分"红心铁观音"及"青心铁观音"两种,主要产区在文山期树属横张型,枝干粗硬,叶较稀松,芽少叶厚,产量不高,但制包种茶品质高,产期较青心乌龙晚。其树形稍,叶呈椭圆形,叶厚肉多。叶片平坦展开。


西坪铁观音



西坪,古称栖鹏,寓大鹏在此栖身而得名。境内山峦叠嶂,云绕雾蔚,泉甘土沃,盛产茶叶,是世界名茶铁观音的发源地,选育栽培铁观音已有近三百年的历史。到西坪不仅可以探寻铁观音"王说"、"魏说"之发源,还可以到茶农家中做客,品饮铁观音的独特韵味,领略茶乡农家的时代风采。


西坪镇交通便捷,东距省道7公里,西有县道与芦田镇相连,北距尚卿乡20公里(县道),南有水泥公路与罗岩、举溪相通。全镇已实现村村通水泥路。西坪至安溪有专线车,每8分钟一班,每天均有开往省内的厦门、泉州、漳州、三明、福州等地班车,省外开通西坪至广东汕头、普宁、广州、佛山等地班车,人们往来十分方便。



西坪属于亚热带湿润季风气候,夏季高温多雨,冬季温和少雨,四季分明。年平均气温在16-19℃之间,年降水量在1700-2100mm之间。西坪是铁观音、本山等名茶的发源地,2002年被中国特产之乡推荐暨宣传活动组织委员会确认为"中国铁观音茶发源地"。铁观音茶叶是西坪的特产。



西坪铁观音汤浓韵明不很香。其所制茶叶的茶质,采用纯粹传统型制法,因此茶质相对实在、地道。特质其茶质特征主要有三方面:即汤浓韵明微香。


"汤浓"指所泡茶汤呈金黄色,色泽亮丽,色度较深;


"韵明"指安溪铁观音特有的"观音韵"明显,喝后口喉有爽朗感觉;


"微香"则指比较而言,其汤味虽香但悠悠然不强烈。


据悉,西坪铁观音如此茶质特征,一方面是因其特殊的地理气候等区位条件:另一方面还因为当地茶农秉承对茶的传统制法,尤其秋茶绝少使用空调制茶,加上讲究发酵,因此特质明显。鉴别技法据了解,纯正地道的西坪茶不难鉴别,只须取几种茶冲泡就能比较出来。其中的技法要领:一是汤色金黄亮泽,连泡几泡都能保持基本浓度;二是闻味清幽,没有浓香感。

英语翻译

Tieguanyin (tiě guān yīn) tea, a traditional famous tea of the Han nationality, belongs to the category of green tea and is one of the top ten famous teas in China. It was originally produced in Xiping Town, Anxi County, Quanzhou City, Fujian Province, and was discovered in 1723-1735. "Tieguanyin" is not only the name of the tea, but also the name of the tea species. Tieguanyin tea is between green tea and black tea. It belongs to the semi-fermented tea category. Tieguanyin has a unique "guanyin rhyme" with a clear fragrance and elegant rhyme. It has natural orchids after brewing. The fragrance, the taste is pure and strong, the fragrance is long-lasting, and has the reputation of "seven bubbles with lingering fragrance". In addition to the health functions of general tea, it also has anti-aging, anti-arteriosclerosis, prevention and treatment of diabetes, weight loss and bodybuilding, prevention and treatment of dental caries, clearing heat and reducing fire, and anti-smoking and sobering effects.


Tieguanyin contains high levels of amino acids, vitamins, minerals, tea polyphenols and alkaloids, has a variety of nutrients and medicinal ingredients, and has the function of health preservation. In the eighth year of the Republic of China, it was introduced from Anxi, Fujian Province for trial planting. It is divided into "Red Heart Tieguanyin" and "Qingxin Tieguanyin". The main producing areas are in the Wenshan period. , The buds are few and the leaves are thick, the yield is not high, but the quality of Baozhong tea is high, and the production period is later than Qingxin Oolong. Its tree shape is slightly, the leaves are oval, the leaves are thick and fleshy. The leaves spread out flat.


Xiping Tieguanyin



Xiping, known as Qipeng in ancient times, was named after Dapeng lived here. The territory is surrounded by mountains, clouds and mists, springs and fertile soil, rich in tea, is the birthplace of the world famous tea Tieguanyin, Tieguanyin has been selected and cultivated for nearly 300 years. In Xiping, you can not only explore the origins of Tieguanyin's "Wang Shuo" and "Wei Shuo", you can also visit tea farms to taste the unique charm of Tie Guanyin and appreciate the contemporary style of tea farms.


Xiping Town has convenient transportation. It is 7 kilometers away from the Provincial Highway in the east, connected to Lutian Town by a county road in the west, 20 kilometers (county road) from Shangqing Township in the north, and connected to Luoyan and Juxi by a cement road in the south. The whole town has realized that every village has cement roads. There are special buses from Xiping to Anxi, every 8 minutes. There are daily buses to Xiamen, Quanzhou, Zhangzhou, Sanming, Fuzhou and other places in the province. Shuttles from Xiping to Shantou, Puning, Guangzhou, Foshan and other places in Guangdong are opened every day. It is very convenient for people to come and go.



Xiping belongs to the subtropical humid monsoon climate, with high temperature and rain in summer, mild and low rain in winter, and four distinct seasons. The annual average temperature is between 16-19℃, and the annual precipitation is between 1700-2100mm. Xiping is the birthplace of Tieguanyin, Benshan and other famous teas. In 2002, it was recognized as the "Birthplace of Tieguanyin Tea in China" by the China Specialty Hometown Recommendation and Promotion Organization Committee. Tea is a specialty of Xiping.



Xiping Tieguanyin soup is not very fragrant. The tea quality of the tea made by it adopts pure traditional method, so the tea quality is relatively real and authentic. There are three main characteristics of its tea quality: Tangnongyun Mingming and slightly fragrant.


"Tang Nong" means that the tea soup is golden yellow, bright in color and dark in color;


"Yunming" refers to the distinctive "guanyin rhyme" of Anxi Tieguanyin, and the mouth and throat have a hearty feeling after drinking;


"Slightly fragrant" refers to comparatively speaking, the soup taste is fragrant but leisurely and not strong.


It is reported that Xiping Tieguanyin has such characteristics of tea quality, on the one hand, because of its special geographical climate and other geographical conditions; on the other hand, it is also because the local tea farmers adhere to the traditional tea making method, especially autumn tea rarely use air-conditioning to make tea, plus Pay attention to fermentation, so the characteristics are obvious. Identification techniques It is understood that the pure and authentic Xiping tea is not difficult to identify, and it can be compared by just brewing several kinds of tea. The essentials of the technique are as follows: First, the soup is golden and shiny, and can maintain the basic concentration even after a few soaks; the second is the smell is quiet and there is no strong aroma.


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