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中秋节传说 喝安溪铁观音茶 吃月饼 赏月

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Issuing time:2021-09-17 13:50

吴刚登上月宫折桂,据唐代小说《酉阳杂俎》中说,是因为西何人吴刚修仙犯了错误,才罚他去伐月中的桂树。这桂树随砍随长,永远也砍不断。 李白在《赠崔司户文昆季》一诗中写道:"欲斫月中桂,持为寒者薪。"


玉兔捣药

兔子登上月宫捣药,最早见于屈原的《天问》"厥利维何,而顾、菟在腹?"。意思是说,顾、菟在月亮的肚子里,对月亮有什么好处呢?那兔子又是如何登上月宫的呢?顾就是蟾蜍,菟就是白兔。晋代傅玄的《拟天问》也说:"月中何有,白兔捣药。"据闻一多先生考证,这"白兔捣药"是由"蟾蜍捣药"变来的。


嫦娥身边有只玉兔。据说嫦娥身体变轻,开始升空时,惶恐中抱起了一直喂养的白兔。白兔便随她一起上了月亮。玉兔在月宫有一只捣药杵,夜晚在药臼中捣制长生不老的灵药。这个神话传到日本后,变成了玉兔在捣年糕。


玄宗故事

相传唐玄宗与申天师及道士鸿都中秋望月,突然玄宗兴起游月宫之念,于是天师作法,三人一起步上青云,漫游月宫。但宫前有守卫森严,无法进入,只能在外俯瞰长安皇城。在此之际,忽闻仙声阵阵,唐玄宗素来熟通音律,于是默记心中。这正是:"此曲只应天上有,人间能得几回闻!"日后玄宗回忆月宫仙娥的音乐歌声,自己谱曲编舞,创作了历史上有名的《霓裳羽衣曲》。


月饼起义

中秋节吃月饼相传始于元代。据说,当时,中原广大人民不堪忍受元朝统治阶级的残酷统治,纷纷起义抗元。朱元璋联合各路反抗力量准备起义。但朝庭官兵搜查的十分严密,传递消息十分困难。军师刘伯温便想出一计策,命令属下把藏有"八月十五夜起义"的纸条藏入饼子里面,再派人分头传送到各地起义军中,通知他们在八月十五日晚上起义响应。到了起义的那天,各路义军一齐响应。


很快,徐达就攻下元大都,起义成功了。消息传来,朱元璋高兴得连忙传下口谕,在即将来临的中秋节,让全体将士与民同乐,并将当年起兵时以秘密传递信息的"月饼",作为节令糕点赏赐群臣。此后,"月饼"制作越发精细,品种更多。之后中秋节吃月饼的习俗便在民间流传开来

英语翻译

According to the Tang Dynasty novel "Youyang Miscellaneous Cu", Wu Gang went to the Moon Palace and punished him to cut the laurel tree because of a mistake made by Wu Gang from Xihe. This laurel tree grows as it is cut, and it will always be cut continuously. Li Bai wrote in the poem "Gift to Cui Sihu Wen Kun Ji": "If you want to pour the laurel in the moon, hold the salary for the cold."


Jade rabbit pounding medicine

The rabbit went to the moon palace to make medicine, and it was first seen in Qu Yuan's "Heavenly Questions" "Je Liweihe, while Gu and Tu are in the belly?". It means that if Gu and Tu are in the belly of the moon, what good is it for the moon? How did the rabbit go to the moon palace? Gu is a toad, and Tu is a white rabbit. In the Jin Dynasty Fu Xuan's "Imitation Tianwen" also said: "Where is the white rabbit pounding medicine in the middle of the month." According to Mr. Wen Yiduo's textual research, this "white rabbit pounding medicine" was changed from the "toad pounding medicine".


There is a jade rabbit beside Chang'e. It is said that Chang'e became lighter, and when she started to lift off, she picked up the white rabbit that she had been feeding in fear. The white rabbit went to the moon with her. Yutu has a pounding pestle in the Moon Palace, and pounding it in the mortar at night to make the elixir of immortality. After this myth spread to Japan, it became a jade rabbit making rice cakes.


Xuanzong story

Legend has it that during the Mid-Autumn Festival, Emperor Xuanzong of the Tang Dynasty, Tianshi Shen and Taoist priests watched the moon. Suddenly Xuanzong had the idea of visiting the moon palace, so the three of them walked up to the sky and roamed the moon palace together. However, the front of the palace is heavily guarded and cannot enter. You can only overlook the imperial city of Chang'an from the outside. At this moment, Tang Xuanzong had always been familiar with the rhythm of the sounds of immortals, so he remembered it in his heart. This is exactly: "This song should only be found in the sky, and the world can be heard a few times!" In the future, Xuan Zong recalled the music and singing of Xian'e in the Moon Palace, composed music and choreographed himself, and created the famous "Neon Clothes Feathers" in history.


Mooncake Uprising

According to legend, eating mooncakes on the Mid-Autumn Festival began in the Yuan Dynasty. It is said that at that time, the vast number of people in the Central Plains could not bear the cruel rule of the ruling class of the Yuan Dynasty, and they revolted against the Yuan Dynasty. Zhu Yuanzhang united various resistance forces to prepare for the uprising. However, the court officers and soldiers searched very rigorously, and it was very difficult to pass the news. Sergeant Liu Bowen came up with a plan and ordered his subordinates to hide the note containing the "August 15th Night Uprising" in the cake, and then send them to the rebel army in various places to inform them to respond to the uprising on the night of August 15th. . On the day of the uprising, all the rebels responded together.


Soon, Xu Da captured Yuan Dadu and the uprising was successful. When the news came, Zhu Yuanzhang was so happy that he hurriedly gave an oral message to let all soldiers and the people have fun in the upcoming Mid-Autumn Festival, and used the "moon cakes" that secretly conveyed the message when the army was raised in the past, as a seasonal cake to reward the officials. Since then, the production of "moon cakes" has become more refined and more varieties. After that, the custom of eating moon cakes during the Mid-Autumn Festival spread among the people.



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