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绿茶、红茶、乌龙茶、白茶、黑茶,黄茶 茶性

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Issuing time:2021-09-16 11:48

绿茶:六茶之首清烦热


绿茶是我国最主要茶种之一,从营养价值看,绿茶没有经过发酵,很好地保留了茶叶中的天然物质,营养成分如维生素、叶绿素、茶多酚、氨基酸等物质是所有茶类中含量最多的。绿茶可清火气、除烦躁,并增强思维能力、提高免疫力。


适合人群:工作忙碌的中青年人、脑力劳动者、常面对电脑的人群。


禁忌:绿茶性凉,虽可清热除烦,但对肠胃却有一定刺激,平素脾胃较弱的人应少喝,或冲泡时少放一些茶叶以减少刺激。




红茶:性温甜醇调脾胃


由于红茶是重发酵茶,茶性比较温和,尤其是小叶种红茶,如正山小种等,茶汤滋味甜醇,没有刺激性,还具有调节脾胃的功能。在国外,有在红茶的茶汤中加入牛奶、糖的习惯,更可以补充营养,增加身体热能。


适合人群:对肠胃不好或身体虚弱的人,不宜饮绿茶,而红茶则比较适宜。


禁忌:红茶性温,所以不太合适正在上火或平素火气比较大的人。




黄茶:增加食欲可首选


黄茶的名号不如绿茶、红茶那样如雷贯耳,但如果提到君山银针、霍山黄芽等,知道的人就多了,没错,它们都属于黄茶。黄茶的特点就是“黄叶”、“黄汤”,其实是由炒绿茶演变出的产物,在炒制绿茶的过程中加入闷黄的程序即成黄茶。黄茶的发酵度在20-30%之间,属于微发酵茶类。


适合人群:黄茶需闷,属于“沤茶”,在沤的过程中产生大量消化酶,对脾胃有好处,所以出现消化不良、食欲不振,或是身形肥胖的人最适合饮用。


禁忌:黄茶中含有较多的咖啡碱、茶多酚,这些成分都容易使人产生兴奋感并增加排尿量,因此不宜准妈妈与胎儿健康,可能导致妊娠中毒等情况的发生,因此不宜孕妇。




白茶:茶中珍品可降糖


白茶属于茶中珍品,发酵度在10-20%之间,属于轻度发酵茶类。白茶的外形很饱满,满身披满白毫,毫香清鲜,茶汤则色黄绿清澈,滋味清淡但可品出回甘。虽然白茶的普及程度不像绿茶、红茶那么高,而且产量也不高,但却是茶中不可多得的珍品。


适合人群:糖尿病患者最宜白茶,这是因为白茶在加工中未经炒、揉,茶中所含的多糖类物质基本未被破坏,而茶多糖对治疗糖尿病有一定功效。此外,白茶茶性清凉,还有降火去燥、治疗便秘的作用。


禁忌:糖尿病患者在饮用白茶时,最好用温度较低的开水,约85℃左右浸泡4至6分钟,并在清晨、晚上饮用,不能用沸水冲泡以免高温破坏茶多糖。




乌龙茶:降脂减肥健美茶


外观有“绿叶镶红边”之称的乌龙茶在几大茶品中独具鲜明特色,而乌龙茶的制法也综合了绿茶、红茶的制作工艺,所以品质也介于绿茶和红茶之间,既有红茶的浓鲜,又有绿茶的清芬。


适合人群:乌龙茶最适合体形肥胖的人,由于有比较好的降血脂、降胆固醇、助消化功效,在日本被称为“美容健美茶”。此外,乌龙茶还有提神醒脑的作用,适合静夜苦读的学子或熬夜的加班达人。


禁忌:所有喝乌龙茶的人都应注意,不要空腹饮用,否则不但会顿觉饥肠辘辘,甚至有人会因此头晕恶心,也就是醉茶了。此外,孕妇最好不要喝,其中的茶碱有兴奋作用,会增加胎动并对胎儿不利。




黑茶:去油降脂最有效


黑茶也是我国特有的茶种,在边疆的少数民族地区流传广泛。黑茶的发酵度达到了100%,属于后发酵茶。


适合人群:黑茶最适合平素喜欢吃食肉的人,这是因为其茶性温润,去油腻、去脂肪、降血脂功效都比较显著。


禁忌:孕妇忌喝,黑茶中含大量茶多酚、咖啡碱等,对胎儿成长有影响。

英语翻译

Green tea: the first of the six teas to clear away troubles and heat


Green tea is one of the most important tea species in my country. From the perspective of nutritional value, green tea has not been fermented, and the natural substances in tea are well retained. Nutrient components such as vitamins, chlorophyll, tea polyphenols, amino acids and other substances are among all teas. The most content. Green tea can clear fire, eliminate irritability, enhance thinking ability and improve immunity.


Suitable for the crowd: busy young and middle-aged people, mental workers, people who often face computers.


Taboo: Green tea is cool in nature. Although it can clear away heat and troubles, it has a certain irritation to the intestines and stomach. People with weak spleen and stomach should drink less or put less tea when brewing to reduce irritation.




Black tea: warm and sweet, regulate the spleen and stomach


Because black tea is a heavily fermented tea, the tea properties are relatively mild, especially for small-leaf black teas, such as Lapsang Souchong. The tea soup tastes sweet and mellow, without irritation, and has the function of regulating the spleen and stomach. In foreign countries, there is a habit of adding milk and sugar to the tea soup of black tea to supplement nutrition and increase body heat.


Suitable for the crowd: People who have poor gastrointestinal or weak bodies should not drink green tea, but black tea is more suitable.


Taboo: Black tea is warm in nature, so it is not suitable for people who are getting angry or who are usually angry.




Yellow tea: the first choice for increasing appetite


The name of yellow tea is not as good as that of green tea and black tea, but if you mention Junshan Yinzhen, Huoshan Huangya, etc., many people know it. Yes, they all belong to yellow tea. The characteristics of yellow tea are "yellow leaves" and "yellow soup", which are actually products evolved from roasted green tea. In the process of roasting green tea, yellow tea is added to make yellow tea. The degree of fermentation of yellow tea is between 20-30% and belongs to the category of micro-fermented teas.


Suitable for the crowd: Yellow tea needs to be stuffy. It belongs to "retting tea". It produces a large amount of digestive enzymes during the retting process, which is good for the spleen and stomach. Therefore, people with indigestion, loss of appetite, or obesity are most suitable for drinking.


Contraindications: Yellow tea contains more caffeine and tea polyphenols. These ingredients are easy to cause excitement and increase urine output. Therefore, it is not suitable for expectant mothers and fetuses to be healthy, and may lead to pregnancy poisoning. Therefore, it is not suitable for pregnant women.




White tea: Treasures in tea can reduce blood sugar


White tea is a treasure among teas, with a degree of fermentation between 10-20%, and belongs to the slightly fermented tea category. The shape of white tea is very plump, covered with pekoe, and it is fragrant and fresh. The tea soup is yellow-green and clear, and the taste is light but can taste sweet. Although the popularity of white tea is not as high as that of green tea and black tea, and the output is not high, it is a rare treasure in tea.


Suitable for the crowd: Diabetics are most suitable for white tea. This is because white tea has not been fried or kneaded during processing, and the polysaccharides contained in the tea are basically undamaged, and tea polysaccharides have certain effects on the treatment of diabetes. In addition, white tea is cool in nature, and has the effects of reducing fire and dryness and curing constipation.


Taboo: When diabetics drink white tea, it is best to use boiling water at a lower temperature, soak it in about 85°C for 4 to 6 minutes, and drink it in the morning and evening. Do not brew with boiling water to avoid high temperature damage to tea polysaccharides.




Oolong tea: fat-reducing and weight-loss tea


Oolong tea, known as "green leaves inlaid with red edges", is unique among several major tea products. The production method of oolong tea also integrates the production process of green tea and black tea, so the quality is also between green tea and black tea. There is the strong freshness of black tea and the freshness of green tea.


Suitable for the crowd: Oolong tea is most suitable for people with obesity. It is called "beauty and bodybuilding tea" in Japan because of its better effects of lowering blood fat, lowering cholesterol, and helping digestion. In addition, oolong tea has a refreshing effect, which is suitable for students who study hard at night or those who stay up late to work overtime.


Taboo: All people who drink oolong tea should be careful not to drink it on an empty stomach, otherwise, not only will they feel hungry, but some people will feel dizzy and nauseated because of this, that is, drunk tea. In addition, pregnant women are best not to drink, the theophylline in it has a stimulating effect, which will increase fetal movement and be harmful to the fetus.




Black tea: the most effective for removing oil and fat


Dark tea is also a kind of tea unique to our country, and it is widely circulated in the border ethnic minority areas. Dark tea has a degree of fermentation of 100%, which is a post-fermented tea.


Suitable for the crowd: Dark tea is most suitable for people who usually like to eat meat. This is because its tea is warm and moist, and has significant effects on removing greasy, fat and blood lipids.


Taboo: Pregnant women should not drink it. Dark tea contains a lot of tea polyphenols, caffeine, etc., which have an impact on the growth of the fetus.


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