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安溪铁观音的品质为什么会那么好呢?

  1
Issuing time:2021-09-08 12:43

安溪铁观音乃中国十大名茶,市场品牌价值1400多亿,“绿叶红镶边,七泡有余香”,有独特的“观音韵、兰花香”!安溪铁观音的品质为什么会那么好呢?


安溪,是最适合铁观音生长的地方,得天独厚的自然条件,为安溪铁观音品质形成奠定了天然基础!



安溪县地处福建省厦漳泉金三角结合部,居山而近海,隶属历史名城泉州市。境内群山环抱,气候温和湿润,雨量充沛。虽近海却有崇山峻岭相隔阻,使安溪不受海风直接侵扰,这种独特的地理环境,构筑了适宜铁观音茶树生长和优越生态环境。


气候状况



气候状况:气候状况是影响茶树生长和茶叶产品质量的主要因素之一。安溪县铁观音茶园大部分分布在海拔500~1000米之间,日照充足,昼夜温差大,年平均温度16℃~21℃,年平均降雨量1600毫米~1800毫米,具有相对低温、高温和多云雾的气候特征,为铁观音优异品质的形成提供独有的自然环境。相对气候导致芽叶生长缓慢,有利于新梢组织中可溶性氮化物、氨基酸和芳香物质的合成。高山茶园漫射光多。也有利于芳香物质的合成,同时昼夜温差大又有助于光合产物的积累,使糖类化合物、蛋白质、氨基酸和维生素含量增加,从而形成安溪铁观音香气清高幽长,滋味浓郁甘鲜之独特品质。



土壤状况




土壤状况:土壤是茶树生长的基地,是提供水分和养分的场所。安溪县铁观音茶园以红壤为主,PH值在4.0~5.5之间,土层深厚,加之每年的人工客土,耕作层达1米以上,土体松软,土壤肥沃、保水性能好,有机质含量较高,矿质营养元素丰富,特别是土壤中猛、锌、钼含量较高,有的茶园在80~100厘米的深土层内还含有一定数量呈半风化状态的碎石块,尤其是茶农每年秋后施用"新土"(客土),对补充茶树养分、香气起了良好的作用,这种土壤状况为安溪铁观音形成独特的色、香、味和良好保健功能奠定了天然基础。

英语翻译

Anxi Tieguanyin is one of the top ten famous teas in China, with a market brand value of more than 140 billion. It has "green leaves and red borders, seven bubbles with lingering fragrance", and has a unique "guanyin rhyme and orchid fragrance"! Why is the quality of Anxi Tieguanyin so good?


Anxi is the most suitable place for the growth of Tieguanyin. The unique natural conditions have laid a natural foundation for the formation of Anxi Tieguanyin's quality!



Anxi County is located at the junction of the Golden Triangle of Xia Zhangquan and Quanzhou in Fujian Province. Surrounded by mountains, the climate is mild and humid, and the rainfall is abundant. Although the sea is separated by high mountains and ridges, Anxi is not directly invaded by the sea breeze. This unique geographical environment creates a favorable ecological environment suitable for the growth of Tieguanyin tea trees.


Climatic conditions



Climatic conditions: Climatic conditions are one of the main factors affecting the growth of tea trees and the quality of tea products. Most of the Tieguanyin tea gardens in Anxi County are located between 500 and 1000 meters above sea level, with sufficient sunshine, large temperature difference between day and night, with an average annual temperature of 16°C to 21°C, and an average annual rainfall of 1600 mm to 1800 mm, with relatively low temperature, high temperature and high temperature. The climatic characteristics of clouds and fog provide a unique natural environment for the formation of Tieguanyin's excellent quality. The relative climate causes the buds to grow slowly, which is conducive to the synthesis of soluble nitrogen compounds, amino acids and aromatic substances in the new shoot tissues. Alpine tea gardens diffuse a lot of light. It is also conducive to the synthesis of aromatic substances. At the same time, the large temperature difference between day and night helps the accumulation of photosynthetic products, which increases the content of carbohydrates, proteins, amino acids and vitamins, thereby forming Anxi Tieguanyin with a clear, high and long fragrance, rich and sweet taste. quality.



Soil condition




Soil condition: The soil is the base for the growth of tea trees and a place to provide water and nutrients. The Tieguanyin tea garden in Anxi County is dominated by red soil, with a pH value of 4.0-5.5. The soil layer is deep. In addition to the annual artificial guest soil, the cultivated layer is more than 1 meter, the soil is soft, the soil is fertile, has good water retention performance, and organic matter content. High, rich in mineral nutrients, especially the high content of manganese, zinc, and molybdenum in the soil. Some tea gardens also contain a certain amount of semi-weathered gravel in the deep soil layer of 80-100 cm, especially for tea farmers. The application of "new soil" (guest soil) every autumn has played a good role in supplementing the nutrients and aroma of tea trees. This soil condition has laid a natural foundation for Anxi Tieguanyin's unique color, fragrance, taste and good health functions.


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