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正山小种

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Issuing time:2021-09-06 20:22

正山小种是世界上最早的红茶,它产于福建武夷山星村镇桐木关一带,位于武夷山北段海拔1000—1500公尺处,地势高峻,群山间灌木丛生,冬暖夏凉,年平均气温18摄氏度,年降雨量2000毫米左右,终年云雾缭绕,且土质肥沃。目前星村镇桐木关一带已划入世界自然遗产和文化遗产并被联合国科教文组织列入为A类自然保护区,所以正山小种红茶的生产规模受到限制是茶中的珍品。



正山小种的形成,有一十分有趣的故事:明末清初时局不安,且桐木是地外入闽的咽喉要道,有一次一支军队从江西进入福建过桐木,占驻茶厂,时逢采茶季节,士兵们以满地茶青为床,就此睡了一夜,待制的茶青因受压与放置过久缘故,均发酵产生红变,茶农为挽回损失,采取易燃松木加温烘干,形成特有的一股浓醇的松香味,既桂圆干味。没想到口感极好,有特色,不料这种特殊香味竟然颇受好评,得到海内外消费者的喜爱,由此产生正山小种红茶又称桐木关小种。




正山小种红茶外形条索肥实,色泽乌润,泡水后汤色红浓,香气高长带松烟香,滋味醇厚,带有桂圆汤味,加入牛奶茶香味不减,形成糖浆状奶茶,液色更为绚丽。由于正山小种红茶其独特的品质特征,茶树生长地桐木关的特殊环境,高山产好茶,也来自特殊的加工工艺,因此赢得了许多人的喜爱。

英语翻译

Lapsang Souchong is the earliest black tea in the world. It is produced in Tongmuguan, Xingcun Town, Wuyi Mountain, Fujian Province. It is located at an altitude of 1000-1500 meters in the northern section of Wuyi Mountain. The temperature is 18 degrees Celsius, the annual rainfall is about 2,000 millimeters, clouds and fog are everywhere, and the soil is fertile. At present, the Tongmuguan area in Xingcun Town has been classified as a World Natural Heritage and Cultural Heritage and listed as a Category A Nature Reserve by UNESCO. Therefore, the production scale of Zhengshan Souchong black tea is restricted and it is a treasure of tea.



There is a very interesting story about the formation of Lapsang Souchong: the situation was disturbed in the late Ming and early Qing, and Tongmu was the main throat to enter Fujian from outside the land. Once an army entered Fujian from Jiangxi and passed through Tongmu and occupied the tea factory. During the tea-picking season, the soldiers slept all night with green tea all over the ground. The green tea to be made was fermented to produce red change due to pressure and too long. The tea farmers used flammable pine to recover their losses. Dry it at warm temperature to form a unique mellow pine fragrance, which is the dried longan flavor. Unexpectedly, the taste is excellent and distinctive. Unexpectedly, this special fragrance is very well received and is loved by consumers at home and abroad. The result is Lapsang Souchong Black Tea, also known as Tongmuguan Souchong.




Lapsang Souchong black tea has a smooth appearance and a smooth color. After soaking in water, the soup is red and thick, with a high aroma with rosy smoke, a mellow taste, with the flavor of longan soup. Adding milk tea has an undiminished fragrance to form a syrupy milk tea. , The liquid color is more gorgeous. Due to the unique quality characteristics of Lapsang Souchong black tea, the special environment of Tongmuguan where the tea trees grow, and the good tea produced in high mountains, it also comes from special processing techniques, so it has won the love of many people.


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