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安溪铁观音 敬茶的步骤  上茶的规矩

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Issuing time:2021-09-06 14:56


新的一年到来了,我们恭祝各位茶友牛年牛至大吉,牛年忘烦,牛运亨通!




在新的一年里,有好茶喝,会喝好茶,是一种清福!在节假日里,客来敬茶是中国礼仪中待客的一种礼节,不仅是对客人朋友的尊重,也体现自己的修养。今天我们一起来学习一下中国传统的敬茶礼吧!安溪铁观音茶道




早在3000 多年前的周朝茶已被奉为礼品与贡品。到两晋、南北朝时。客来敬茶是国人礼仪中待客的一种日常礼节,也是社会交往的一项内容,不仅是对客人、朋友的尊重,也体现自己的修养。







敬茶的步骤




首先,嗅茶:主客坐定以后,主人取出茶叶,主动介绍该茶的品种特点,客人则依次传递嗅赏。




其次,温壶:先将开水冲入空壶,使壶体温热。然后将水倒入各种茶盘中。




接着,装茶:用茶匙向空壶内装入茶叶,通常按照茶叶的品种决定投放量。切忌用手抓茶叶,以免手气或杂味混淆影响茶叶的品质。




然后,请茶:茶杯应放在客人右手的前方。请客人喝茶,要将茶杯放在托盘上端出,并用双手奉上。当宾主边谈边饮时,要及时添加热水,体现对宾客的敬重。客人则需善“品”,小口啜饮,满口生香,而不能作“牛饮”姿态。




还有,续茶:往高杯中续茶水时,左手的小指和无名指夹住高杯盖上的小圆球,用大拇指、食指和中指握住杯把,从桌上端下茶杯,腿一前一后,侧身把茶水倒入客人杯中,以体现举止的文雅。




最后,铁观音茶艺:表演茶道技艺,已经成为中国文化的一个组成部分。比如中国的“功夫茶”,便是茶道的一种,有其严格的操作程序。






上茶的规矩




以茶待客时,由何人为来宾奉茶,往往涉及到对来宾重视的程度问题。在家中待客时,通常可由家中的晚辈或家庭服务员为客人上茶。接待重要的客人时,则应由女主人,甚至由主人自己为之亲自奉茶。在工作单位待客时,一般应由秘书、接待人员、专职人员为来宾上茶。接等重要的客人时,则应由本单位在场的职位最高者亲自为之上茶。






若来访的客人较多时,上茶的先后顺序一定要慎重对待,切不可肆意而为。合乎礼仪的做法应当是:




其一,先为客人上茶,后为主人上茶;


其二,先为主宾上茶,后为次宾上茶;


其三,先为女士上茶,后为男士上茶;


其四,先为长辈上茶,后为晚辈上茶。




如果来宾甚多,且其彼此之间差别不大时,可采取下列四种顺序上茶:




其一,以上茶者为起点,由近而远依次上茶;


其二,以进入客厅之门为起点,按顺时针方向依次上茶;


其三,在上茶时以客人的先来后到为先后顺序;


其四,上茶时不讲顺序,或是由饮用者自己取用。

英语翻译

The new year is here, and we wish all tea friends a happy New Year of the Ox and a happy New Year.




In the new year, it is a kind of blessing to have good tea to drink, and to drink good tea! During the holidays, the guest-to-be tea is a kind of etiquette in Chinese etiquette for hospitality. It is not only a respect for guests and friends, but also reflects one's own self-cultivation. Let's learn about the traditional Chinese tea ceremony together today!




As early as 3000 years ago, Zhou Dynasty tea has been regarded as a gift and tribute. By the time of the Jin Dynasty and the Southern and Northern Dynasties. Kelai Tea is a daily etiquette in Chinese etiquette to treat guests, and it is also a content of social interaction. It not only respects guests and friends, but also reflects one's self-cultivation.







Steps to Respect Tea




First of all, sniff the tea: After the host and guest sit down, the host takes out the tea and takes the initiative to introduce the characteristics of the tea, and the guests pass on the smell and appreciation in turn.




Second, warm pot: first flush boiling water into the empty pot to make the pot warm. Then pour the water into various tea trays.




Next, fill the tea: Use a teaspoon to fill the empty pot with tea, usually according to the type of tea to determine the amount of tea. Don't grab the tea with your hands, so as not to affect the quality of the tea due to the confusion of luck or miscellaneous flavors.




Then, invite tea: the teacup should be placed in front of the guest's right hand. Guests are invited to drink tea by placing the tea cup on the tray and serving it with both hands. When the host and guest are talking and drinking, add hot water in time to show respect to the guests. Guests need to be good at "tasting", sipping sips, full of fragrant mouths, and not making "cow drinking" gestures.




Also, continue tea: When adding tea to the tall cup, the little finger and ring finger of your left hand clamp the small ball on the lid of the tall cup, hold the cup handle with your thumb, index finger and middle finger, and pull the tea cup from the table. Before and after, pour the tea sideways into the cups of the guests to reflect the elegance of manners.




Finally, tea art: performing tea ceremony skills has become an integral part of Chinese culture. For example, "Kung Fu Tea" in China is a type of tea ceremony and has its own strict operating procedures.






Rules for serving tea




When treating guests with tea, who serves the tea for the guests often involves the degree of importance to the guests. When you are at home, you can usually serve tea for the guests by the younger generation or the family waiter. When receiving important guests, the hostess, or even the host herself, should serve them personally. When serving guests at the work unit, secretaries, receptionists, and full-time personnel should generally serve the guests with tea. When receiving important guests, the highest-ranking person present in the unit should personally serve the tea.






If there are a lot of visitors, the order of serving tea must be treated with caution, and you must not do it arbitrarily. The etiquette should be:




First, serve tea for the guests first, and then serve the tea for the host;


Second, tea is served for the main guest first, and then tea for the second guest;


Third, serve tea for women first, then for men;


Fourth, serve tea for the elders first, and then tea for the younger ones.




If there are many guests and there is little difference between them, the following four orders can be used to serve tea:




First, the above tea is the starting point, the tea is served in order from near to far;


Second, take the door to the living room as a starting point and serve tea in a clockwise direction;


Third, when serving tea, the order of the guests comes first;


Fourth, the order is not mentioned when serving tea, or the drinker can take it by himself.


Article classification: 安溪铁观音
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