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铁观音纯雅礼和

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乌龙茶色香韵味
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泉州十大特产 安溪铁观音  永春老醋 永春芦柑 安溪黄金桂

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Issuing time:2021-09-06 13:39

泉州,简称“鲤”,别名鲤城、刺桐城,隶属福建省,被马可波罗誉为光明之城,被列入国家“一带一路”战略的21世纪海上丝绸之路先行区。来看看泉州十大特产,你知道几个吧。




1、安溪铁观音



安溪是中国乌龙茶的主产区,种茶历史悠久,唐代已有茶叶出产。安溪境内雨量充沛,气候温和,山峦重叠,林木繁多,终年云雾缭绕,山青水秀,适宜于茶树生长,而且经过历代茶人的辛勤劳动,选育繁殖了一系列茶树良种,目前境内保存的良种有60多个,铁观音、黄旦、本山、毛蟹、大叶乌龙、梅占等都属于全国知名良种,因此安溪有“茶树良种宝库”之称。在众多的茶树良种中,品质最优秀、知名度最高的要数“铁观音”了。茶树良种“铁观音”树势不大,枝条披张,叶色深绿,叶质柔软肥厚,芽叶肥壮。采用“铁观音”良种芽叶制成的乌龙茶也称“铁观音”。因此,“铁观音”既是茶树品种名,也是茶名。 铁观音原产安溪县西坪乡,已有200多年的历史,关于铁观音品种的由来,在安溪还留传着两种历史传说,一说是西坪茶农魏饮做了一个梦,观音菩萨赐给的一株茶树,挖来栽种而成;另一说是安溪尧阳一位名叫王士让的人在一株茶树上采叶制成茶献给皇上,皇上赐名“铁观音”而得。


2、永春老醋



永春老醋选用优质糯米、红曲、芝麻、白糖为原料,按一定配方精心酿制,其酿造技术独特。醋色棕黑,强酸不涩,酸而微甘,醇香爽口,回味生津,且久藏不腐。同江苏镇江香醋、四川保宁醋、山西老陈醋齐名媲美。  此醋旧时是民间富户秘传自酿食用,些许作为珍品馈赠亲朋好友。家中一坛老醋往往经年不断地添加陈酿,历经百年,为吉祥如意之象征。作为商品的不多。1954年,爱国华侨、全国归侨联合会副主席尤扬祖出资与县人民政府合办永春酒厂。1958年酒厂扩展为酿造厂。在吸收民间传统酿醋技法的基础上,改进配方和工艺,使老醋品质更佳,产量倍增。1960年正式命名为水仙花牌永春老醋,由外贸部门经营出口。


3、永春芦柑


永春芦柑是福建省永春县一带传统的名优特产之一,也是永春发展生产的当家品种。永春芦柑具有果形硕大端正、色泽橙黄、果皮薄、果肉汁多、脆嫩香甜、风味独特、富含维生素及其它成份等特点,在国内外市场上享有盛誉,芦柑远销东南亚、港澳台等10多个国家和地区,被称为“东方佳果”。永春芦柑始种于五十年代初,是爱国华侨尤扬祖先生出资率先引种的,仅三、四十年间,它已经成为一种遍植于千家万户的大宗产品,载誉于海内外的名优产品。现在全县已种植柑桔10万多亩,年社会产量100万担,面积、产量已经连续15年居全省第一位,被誉为“柑桔之乡”。


4、安溪黄金桂



黄旦,茶叶商品名称为黄金桂。清咸丰年间(1850-1860)原产于安溪罗岩,该品适宜制作乌龙茶,也适制红、绿茶。黄旦是乌龙茶风格有别于铁观音的又一极品。采制工艺十分考究。只有掌握恰当,才能充分发挥其品种特征。由于茶树品种和制作上的特色,形成了黄旦独特的品质。由黄旦品程制成的黄金桂成品茶,其“贵气”主要显示在“一早二奇”上。一早,即萌芽、采制、上市早。黄旦一般为4月中旬采制,比一般品种早10余天,比铁观音早近20天。二奇,即外形“黄、匀、细”,内质“香、奇、鲜”。成品茶条索紧细,色泽润亮金黄。香气优雅鲜爽,略带桂花香味,叶底中央黄绿,边缘朱红,柔软明亮,素以“一闻香气而知黄旦”而著称,古有“未尝天真味,先闻透天香”之誉。


5、永春佛手茶


永春佛手茶:成品条索紧结肥壮卷曲,色泽砂绿乌润,香气浓郁清长,滋味醇厚回甘,汤色橙黄明亮,具有独特果香。当地群众常用以制作盐茶和柚米茶,治疗痢疾、中暑、高血压等症。永春佛手茶又名香橼种、雪梨,因其形似佛手、名贵胜金,又称“金佛手”,主产 永春佛手于福建永春县苏坑、玉斗和桂洋等乡镇海拔600米至900米高山处。乃佛手品种茶树梢制成, 是福建乌龙茶中风味独特的名品。佛手茶树品种有红芽佛手与绿芽佛手两种(以春芽颜色区分),以红芽为佳。鲜叶大的如掌,椭圆形,叶肉肥厚,3月下旬萌芽,4月中旬开采,分四季采摘,春茶占40%。佛手茶成品特征茶条紧结肥壮,卷曲,色泽砂绿乌润,香浓锐,味甘厚,耐冲泡,汤色橙黄清澈。冲泡时馥郁幽芳,冉冉飘逸,就像屋里摆着几颗佛手、香椽等佳果所散发出来的绵绵幽香沁人心腑。 特征永春佛手茶树属大叶型灌木,因其树势开展,叶形酷似佛手柑,因此得名“佛手”。


6、惠安石雕


福建省惠安石雕源远流长,唐末时就出现了具有相当水平的人物山水,花卉禽畜等艺术石雕。南京中山陵、北京十大建筑、日本鉴真和尚陵园等国内外著名建筑物都有惠安石雕工匠的杰作。 雕龙是惠安石雕的擅长,仅目前在泉州辖区内尚存的出自惠安石雕工匠之手的石雕龙柱就有四十多对。惠安石雕龙柱艺术也经历过初生---成长--发展和成熟的过程。其雕刻工艺由粗而细。镂空的龙体游离柱身的圆雕龙柱,把雕刻工艺推上一个崭新的台阶。而他的构设造型由简而繁。近几年来,已生产出了一柱二龙至数龙的新产品。



7、德化瓷塑


德化在福建省中部,大樟溪上游,境内戴云山主峰盘踞,自然资源丰富,瓷土矿藏密布,质地纯良,为中国瓷器的著名产地。德化瓷器始于宋代,明代得到很大发展。随着佛教在中国的兴盛,神仙佛像等雕塑艺术引起了瓷工们的极大兴趣。元朝,德化瓷塑佛像相当盛行。明代,已形成自己的技法和风格,成为中国瓷塑艺苑中一朵独特的艺术之花。当时的民间瓷塑艺术家何朝宗不但精于泥塑木雕,更精于瓷塑,他所创作的瓷塑观音,造型优美,神韵感人,线条柔和,衣纹深秀。坐者庄严肃穆,衣角柔和飘 垂;立者衣巾临风飘拂,俨然驾云渡海。何氏瓷塑堪称一绝,被日本和欧洲国家誉为“东方艺术”。 何氏的瓷塑如来、弥勒、菩提、达摩、罗汉等仪态生动,神采奕奕。  瓷塑观音有72种造型,大、小规格200多种。其中以十八手观音、立莲观音、坐岩观音、披坐观音最为著名。


8、德化黑鸡


德化黑鸡是福建省唯一幸存的珍稀品种,因其毛、皮、肉、内脏均为黑色, 德化黑鸡且肉质细嫩、清香甘润,味道鲜美,含有极高滋补药用价值的黑色素而得名,素有“滋补胜甲鱼,养伤赛白鸽,美容如珍珠”之称。经福建省中心检验所测试,该鸡富含蛋白质、维生素A、D、E和钙、铁、锌等多种人体所需的营养成分,其营养成分高于一般土鸡的二、三倍,而脂肪含量却极低,数百年来,农耕食代德化黑鸡一直被当地人选为妇女坐月子时补充营养的上佳滋补品和馈赠亲朋好友的上佳礼品。 虽然戴云黑鸡在德化已有数百年的历史(县志记载已有500年历史),但由于该鸡“娇贵难养”,对养殖防疫等多方面技术有着极高的要求,,故数百年来,农户只是零星养殖,且数量有限,濒临灭绝。



9、湖头米粉


湖头最有名的小吃当属湖头米粉了,湖头米粉采用的是优质大米,并取【阆溪】甘泉作为原材料,经手工制作,然后天然晒干而成。湖头米粉主要有礼盒包装和袋装为主,是闽南人常年送礼的佳选,同时也是人们家常必备没事。每逢婚宴或其他礼节,湖头米粉也是必备佳肴,之所以这么受大众喜爱,不仅是因为它好吃不腻,同时使用小孩到老人各层年龄段食用。湖头米粉系以优质大米为原料,以湖头镇福寿、汤头两村所产最为出名。湖头米粉乃选取当地所产纯白的优质大米,来自阆山富含多种天然矿物质的甘洌泉水,经浸水、磨浆、蒸炊、压制排粉、晒干等数道独到的农家精细手作功夫精制而成。其品质上乘,晶莹半透明,熟粉细腻柔韧、不粘糊、清香可口,炒、煮口感具佳;成品白如丝、细如线、韧如簧。



10、泉州润饼


润饼是春卷的一种,发源于泉州,而后流行于台湾、福建地区,这是一种比春卷更为古老的吃法,但两者在做法上又略有不同。在泉州,说起润饼大家应该都不会陌生,因为吃润饼是闽南一带的传统习俗。据历史记载,自宋代起,闽南一带,尤其是泉州人每逢冬至祭冬之时,清明祭祖之日,均有吃润饼的习俗。到后来,吃润饼这一习俗又延续到每年的元宵、中秋、春节等传统民间节日。相传开这种吃法之先河的,是明朝总督云贵湖广军务的同安人蔡复一。

英语翻译

Quanzhou, referred to as "Carp", also known as Licheng and Citongcheng, belongs to Fujian Province. It is hailed as the city of light by Marco Polo and is listed in the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road pioneer area under the national "One Belt and One Road" strategy. Let's take a look at the top ten specialty products of Quanzhou. Do you know a few?




1. Anxi Tieguanyin



Anxi is the main producing area of Oolong tea in China. It has a long history of growing tea, and tea has been produced in the Tang Dynasty. Anxi has plenty of rainfall, a mild climate, overlapping mountains, numerous forests, clouds and mists all year round, beautiful mountains and green water, suitable for the growth of tea trees, and through the hard work of the tea people of the past generations, a series of tea tree varieties have been selected and bred, which are currently preserved in the territory. There are more than 60 species, including Tieguanyin, Huangdan, Benshan, Hairy Crab, Daye Oolong, and Meizhan, all of which are well-known varieties in the country, so Anxi is known as the "treasury of improved tea species". Among the many varieties of tea trees, the one with the best quality and the most well-known is "Tieguanyin". The improved tea species "Tieguanyin" is not very vigorous, with open branches, dark green leaves, soft and thick leaves, and plump buds and leaves. Oolong tea made from the buds and leaves of the "Tieguanyin" variety is also called "Tieguanyin". Therefore, "Tieguanyin" is not only the name of tea species, but also the name of tea. Tieguanyin is originally produced in Xiping Township, Anxi County. It has a history of more than 200 years. Regarding the origin of the Tieguanyin variety, there are still two historical legends in Anxi. One said that Xiping tea farmer Wei Yin had a dream and was given by Guanyin Bodhisattva. A tea tree was dug and planted; the other is that a man named Wang Shirang in Yaoyang, Anxi picked leaves from a tea tree to make tea and presented it to the emperor. The emperor gave it the name "Tieguanyin".


2. Yongchun old vinegar



Yongchun old vinegar uses high-quality glutinous rice, red yeast rice, sesame, and white sugar as raw materials, and is carefully brewed according to a certain formula. Its brewing technology is unique. Vinegar color is brown and black, strong acidity is not astringent, sour and slightly sweet, mellow and refreshing, aftertaste is healthy, and it will not rot for a long time. Comparable with Jiangsu Zhenjiang aromatic vinegar, Sichuan Baoning vinegar and Shanxi old aged vinegar.   This vinegar was secretly brewed and eaten by private wealthy households in the past, and some of it was given as a treasure to relatives and friends. A jar of old vinegar in the home is often added with aging over the years. After a hundred years, it is a symbol of good luck. Not many as a commodity. In 1954, You Yangzu, Vice Chairman of the Patriotic Overseas Chinese and the National Federation of Returned Overseas Chinese, invested in the establishment of Yongchun Winery in cooperation with the County People's Government. In 1958 the winery expanded into a brewery. On the basis of absorbing traditional folk vinegar brewing techniques, the formula and technology are improved to make the quality of old vinegar better and the output doubled. In 1960, it was officially named as Narcissus Brand Yongchun Old Vinegar, which was exported by the foreign trade department.


3. Yongchun Lugan


Yongchun Lukan is one of the traditional famous and special products in Yongchun County, Fujian Province, and it is also the master variety developed and produced in Yongchun. Yongchun Lukan has the characteristics of large and correct fruit shape, orange color, thin peel, juicy flesh, crisp and sweet, unique flavor, rich in vitamins and other ingredients, etc., and enjoys a high reputation in the domestic and foreign markets. Lukan is exported to Southeast Asia, Hong Kong and Macau. More than 10 countries and regions, including Taiwan, are called "Oriental Fruits". Yongchun Lukan was first planted in the early 1950s and was first introduced by the patriotic overseas Chinese Mr. You Yangzu. In only 30 to 40 years, it has become a large product planted in thousands of households and is well-known at home and abroad. Famous products. Now the county has planted more than 100,000 mu of oranges, with an annual social output of 1 million quintals. The area and output have ranked first in the province for 15 consecutive years, and it is known as the "hometown of oranges."


4. Anxi Golden Osmanthus



Huang Dan, the trade name of tea is Jingui. It was originally produced in Luoyan Anxi during the Qing Xianfeng period (1850-1860). This product is suitable for making oolong tea, as well as red and green tea. Huang Dan is another best product with different styles of oolong tea from Tieguanyin. The production process is very sophisticated. Only with proper mastery can we give full play to its variety characteristics. Due to the tea tree varieties and production characteristics, the unique quality of Huangdan has been formed. The golden osmanthus tea made from Huangdan Pincheng, its "exquisiteness" is mainly shown in "one morning and two strangeness". Early in the morning, that is, early germination, harvesting, and market launch. Huangdan is generally harvested in mid-April, more than 10 days earlier than general varieties, and nearly 20 days earlier than Tieguanyin. Two odds are "yellow, uniform and thin" in appearance and "fragrant, odd and fresh" in inner quality. The finished tea sticks are tight and thin, and the color is smooth and bright golden. The fragrance is elegant and fresh, with a slight osmanthus fragrance, the center of the leaf is yellow-green, and the edges are vermilion. It is soft and bright. It is known as "you know the yellow dan when you smell the fragrance". It has the reputation of "not taste the innocence, first smell the natural fragrance" .


5. Yongchun bergamot tea


Yongchun Bergamot Tea: The finished product is tightly knotted and curly. The color is sandy green and dark, the aroma is strong and long, the taste is mellow and sweet, the soup is bright orange and yellow, and has a unique fruity fragrance. The local people often make salt tea and pomelo tea to treat dysentery, heatstroke, hypertension and other diseases. Yongchun bergamot tea, also known as citron species and Sydney, is also called "golden bergamot" because of its shape resembling bergamot and precious gold. It is mainly produced in Sukeng, Yudou and Guiyang townships in Yongchun County, Fujian Province from 600 meters to 900 meters above sea level. M high mountain. It is made from the tip of bergamot tea tree, which is a famous product with unique flavor in Fujian Oolong tea. There are two varieties of bergamot tea tree: red bud bergamot and green bud bergamot (differentiated by the color of spring buds), with red buds being preferred. The fresh leaves are as big as palms, oval, with thick fleshy flesh. They sprout in late March and are harvested in mid-April. They are picked in four seasons. Spring tea accounts for 40%. The characteristics of the finished product of bergamot tea are tight and fat, curly, sandy green in color and lustrous, fragrant and sharp, sweet and thick, resistant to brewing, and the soup is orange-yellow and clear. When brewing, it is rich and elegant, and it is like the lingering fragrance of a few bergamot, incense rafters and other good fruits in the room. Characteristics Yongchun bergamot tea tree is a large-leaf shrub. Because of its development, the leaf shape resembles bergamot, so it is named "bergamot".


6. Hui'an stone carving


The stone carvings in Hui'an, Fujian Province have a long history. At the end of the Tang Dynasty, artistic stone carvings of figures, landscapes, flowers, poultry and livestock appeared at a considerable level. Famous buildings at home and abroad, such as Nanjing Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum, Beijing's Top Ten Buildings, and Japanese Jianzhen Monk Cemetery, all have masterpieces by Hui'an stone carvers. Dragon carving is the specialty of Hui'an stone carving. There are more than forty pairs of stone carving dragon pillars made by Hui'an stone carvers that currently exist in Quanzhou's jurisdiction. The art of stone carving dragon pillars in Hui'an has also experienced the process of birth, growth, development and maturity. The carving process is thick and fine. The hollowed-out dragon body moves away from the round-carved dragon column of the column body, pushing the carving craft to a new level. And his construction modelling changes from simple to complex. In recent years, new products ranging from one pillar, two dragons to several dragons have been produced.



7. Dehua porcelain


Dehua is located in the middle of Fujian Province, in the upper reaches of Dazhang River. The main peak of Daiyun Mountain in the territory is entrenched. It is rich in natural resources, densely covered in china clay minerals, and pure in texture. It is a famous producing area of Chinese porcelain. Dehua porcelain began in the Song Dynasty and was greatly developed in the Ming Dynasty. With the prosperity of Buddhism in China, sculptures such as gods and gods have aroused great interest among porcelain workers. In the Yuan Dynasty, Dehua porcelain sculpture of Buddha was quite popular. In the Ming Dynasty, it has formed its own technique and style, becoming a unique artistic flower in the Chinese Porcelain Plastic Art Garden. At that time, the folk porcelain artist He Chaozong was not only good at clay sculpture and wood carving, but also at porcelain sculpture. The porcelain sculpture Guanyin he created was beautiful in shape, charming, soft lines, and deep and beautiful clothes. The seated person is solemn, and the corners of his clothes are soft and hanging; The Ho's porcelain sculpture is a must, and it is hailed as "Oriental Art" by Japan and European countries. Ho's porcelain sculptures such as Tathagata, Maitreya, Bodhi, Bodhidharma, and Arhat are lively and lively.  Porcelain sculpture Guanyin has 72 shapes, more than 200 kinds of large and small specifications. Among them, the eighteen-handed Guanyin, Lilian Guanyin, Zuoyan Guanyin, and Pizuo Guanyin are the most famous.


8. Dehua black chicken


Dehua black chicken is the only surviving rare breed in Fujian Province. Because its hair, skin, meat, and internal organs are all black, Dehua black chicken is tender, fragrant and sweet, and has a delicious taste. It contains melanin with high nourishing medicinal value. And named after it, it is known as "the nourishment wins the turtle, the nourishment of the white pigeon, the beauty is like a pearl". Tested by the Fujian Provincial Central Laboratory, the chicken is rich in protein, vitamins A, D, E, calcium, iron, zinc and other nutrients required by the human body. Its nutritional content is two or three times higher than that of ordinary native chickens. The fat content is extremely low. For hundreds of years, the Dehua Black Chicken has been selected by the locals as a good tonic for women during confinement and a good gift for relatives and friends. Although the Daiyun black chicken has a history of hundreds of years in Dehua (the county records have a history of 500 years), because the chicken is "pretty and difficult to raise", it has extremely high requirements for various technologies such as breeding and epidemic prevention, so hundreds of Over the years, farmers have only farmed sporadically, and the number is limited, and they are on the verge of extinction.



9. Hutou rice noodles


The most famous snack in Hutou is Hutou rice noodles. Hutou rice noodles are made from high-quality rice and [Langxi] Ganquan as raw materials. They are hand-made and then naturally dried. Hutou rice noodles are mainly packaged in gift boxes and bags. It is a good choice for people in southern Fujian to give gifts all the year round, and it is also a must-have for people's daily life. Hutou rice noodles are also a must-have dish at weddings or other etiquettes. The reason why they are so popular is not only because it is delicious but not greasy, but also used by children to elderly people of all ages. Hutou rice noodles are made from high-quality rice, and are most famous for being produced in Fushou and Tangtou villages in Hutou Town. Hutou rice noodles are made from locally produced pure white high-quality rice. It comes from the Gansu spring water rich in many natural minerals in Langshan. It has been soaked, refined, steamed, pressed and drained, and dried by several unique farmers. Refined by meticulous hand-made kung fu. It is of high quality, crystal clear and translucent, cooked powder is delicate and flexible, non-sticky, fragrant and delicious, and has a good fry and boiled taste; the finished product is white as silk, thin as thread, and tough as spring.



10. Quanzhou Runbing


Runbing is a kind of spring rolls, originated in Quanzhou, and then popular in Taiwan and Fujian. This is an older way of eating than spring rolls, but the two methods are slightly different. In Quanzhou, everyone should not be unfamiliar when it comes to run cakes, because eating run cakes is a traditional custom in southern Fujian. According to historical records, since the Song Dynasty, people in southern Fujian, especially in Quanzhou, have the custom of eating moist cakes on the day of offering sacrifices to the winter solstice and ancestors during the Qingming Festival. Later, the custom of eating run cakes continued to traditional folk festivals such as the Lantern Festival, Mid-Autumn Festival, and Spring Festival each year. According to legend, the pioneer of this way of eating was Cai Fuyi, a member of the Ming Dynasty Governor of Yunnan, Guizhou and Hubei Military Affairs.


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