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铁观音纯雅礼和

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乌龙茶色香韵味
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铁观音是什么茶

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Issuing time:2021-09-03 17:20



铁观音是什么茶



铁观音原产于福建省安溪县。据《清水岩志》载:“清水顶尖,出云吐雾,寺僧植茶,饱山岚之气,沐日月之精,得烟霞之霭,食之能疗百病。老寮等属人家,清香之味不及也。鬼空口有宋植二、三株其味尤香,其功益大,饮之不觉两腋风生,倘遇陆羽,将以补茶话焉”,声明安溪唐代已产茶。




到明代茶产稍盛,《安溪县志》有“常乐、崇善等里货(指茶)卖甚多”的记载。18世纪后期安溪茶户有了较大开展。诗人阮锡在《安溪茶歌》中有“安溪之山郁嵯峨,甚阴常湿生丛茶。居人清明采嫩叶,为价甚贱保万家……”之句。随之茶区农民还选育出各种优良茶树品种,其内以铁观音制茶品质为最优。




铁观音原是茶树品种名,出于它适制乌龙茶,其乌龙茶成品遂亦名为铁观音。所说铁观音茶即以铁观音品种茶树制成的乌龙茶。




铁观音的制茶工艺



安溪铁观音制作严谨,技能精巧。一年分四季采制,制茶品质以春茶为尽量。秋茶次之,其香气特高,俗称秋香,但汤味较薄。夏、暑茶品质较次。鲜叶采摘规范必然在嫩梢造成驻芽后,顶叶刚发展呈小开面或中开面时,采下二、三叶。采时要办到“五不”,即不折断叶片,不折叠叶张,不碰碎叶尖,不带单片,不带鱼叶和老梗。成长地区各异的茶树鲜叶要分解,特殊是早青、午青、晚青要严肃分解制造,以午青品质为最优。




安溪铁观音的制造工艺,要经过:凉青、晒青、凉青、做青、(摇青摊置)、炒青、揉捻、初焙、复焙、复包揉、文火慢烤、拣簸等工序才制成成品。




上等铁观音茶条卷曲、壮结、沉重,呈青蒂绿腹蜻蜓头状。光泽鲜润,砂绿显,红点明,叶表带白霜,这无疑是上等铁观音的举足轻重特点之一。铁观音汤色金黄,浓艳清澈,叶底肥厚明亮,具绸面色泽。泡饮茶汤醇厚甘鲜,进口回甘带蜜味;香气馥郁长久,有“七泡有余香之誉”。




铁观音的疗效与价值





一、铁观音的减肥健美作用



肥胖症是一种伴随人们生活水平不断提高而出现的营养失调性病症,它是由于营养摄取过多或是体内贮存的能量利用不够而引起的。肥胖症不仅给人们日常生活中带来诸多不便,而且也是引发心血管疾病、糖尿病的一个原因。1996年,福建省中医药研究院对102个患有单纯性肥胖的成年男女,进行了饮用铁观音减肥作用的研究。研究表明,铁观音中含有大量的茶多酚物质,不仅可提高脂肪分解酶的作用,而且可促进组织的中性脂肪酶的代谢活动。因而饮用铁观音能改善肥胖者的体型,有效减少肥胖者的皮下脂肪和腰围,从而减轻其体重。





二、铁观音的清热降火作用



茶叶是防暑降温的好饮料。李时珍《本草纲目》载:“茶苦味寒,最能降火,火为百病,火降则上清矣。温饮则火因寒气而下降,热饮则借火气而升散。”在盛夏三伏天,酷日当空,暑气逼人的时候,饮上一杯清凉铁观音或是一杯热铁观音,都会感到身心凉爽,生津解暑。这是因为茶汤中含有茶多酚类、糖类、氨基酸、果胶、维生素等与口腔中的唾液起了化学反应,滋润口腔,所以能起到生津止渴的作用。同时,由于铁观音中的咖啡碱作用,促使大量的能量从人体的皮肤毛孔里散出。据报道,喝一杯热茶,通过人体的皮肤毛孔出汗散发的热量,相当于这杯茶的50倍,故能使人感到凉爽解暑。






三、铁观音的提神益思作用



饮茶可以提神益思几乎人人皆知。我国历代医书记载颇多,历代文人墨客、高僧也无不挥动生花妙笔,颂茶之提神益思之功。白居易《赠东邻王十三》诗曰:“携手池边月,开襟竹下风。驱愁知酒力,破睡见茶功。”诗中明白地提到了茶叶提神破睡之功。苏东坡诗曰:“建茶三十片,不审味如何,奉赠包居士,僧房战睡魔。”他说把建茶送给包居士,让其饮了在参禅时可免打瞌睡。饮茶可以益思,故受到人们的喜爱,尤其为一些作家、诗人及其他脑力劳动者所深爱。如法国的大文豪巴尔扎克、美籍华人女作家韩素音和我国著名作家姚雪垠等都酷爱饮茶,以助文思。




铁观音可提神益思,其功能主要在于茶叶中的咖啡碱。咖啡碱具有兴奋中枢神经、增进思维、提高效率的功能。因此,饮茶后能破睡、提神、去烦、解除疲倦、清醒头脑、增进思维,能显著地提高口头答辩能力及数学思维的反应。同时,由于铁观音中含有多酚类等化合物,抵消了纯咖啡碱对人体产生的不良影响。这也是饮茶历史源远流长、长盛不衰、不断发展的重要原因之一。

What kind of tea is Tieguanyin



Tieguanyin is native to Anxi County, Fujian Province. According to the "Clear Water Rock Records": "The clear water is at the top, the clouds and fog are raised, the monks plant tea, the breath of the mountains and the mist, the essence of the sun and the moon, the haze of the haze, and the food can cure all diseases. Lao Lao and other people The fragrance is not as good as the fragrance. There are two and three plants from Song Zhi at the mouth of Guikong, whose flavour is especially fragrant. Their merits are great, and they are both fragrant when they drink. On behalf of has produced tea.




In the Ming Dynasty, tea production was a little prosperous, and the "Anxi County Chronicles" had a record that "Changle, Chongshan and other local goods (referring to tea) were sold very much". In the late 18th century, Anxi tea households had a great development. The poet Ruan Xi said in "Anxi Tea Songs", "Anxi's mountains are full of sacred mountains, very cloudy and often wet, growing clumps of tea. People who live in Qingming collect tender leaves for a very low price to protect thousands of families...". Subsequently, the farmers in the tea area also selected and bred a variety of excellent tea varieties, among which the quality of Tieguanyin tea is the best.




Tieguanyin was originally the name of the tea plant variety. Because it is suitable for making oolong tea, its finished oolong tea was also named Tieguanyin. Said Tieguanyin tea is oolong tea made from Tieguanyin variety tea tree.




Tieguanyin's tea making process



Anxi Tieguanyin is rigorously produced and has exquisite skills. It is harvested in four seasons throughout the year, and the quality of tea is based on spring tea as much as possible. Autumn tea comes next, its aroma is very high, commonly known as Qiuxiang, but the soup flavor is relatively thin. The quality of summer and summer tea is inferior. The standard for picking fresh leaves is bound to pick the second and third leaves when the top leaves have just developed into a small or mid-open face after the shoots have settled on the buds. The "five nos" should be done when picking, that is, do not break the leaves, do not fold the leaves, do not touch the tip of the leaves, do not bring a single piece, do not bring fish leaves and old stems. The fresh leaves of tea plants in different growing regions should be decomposed, especially the early green, midnight green, and late green leaves should be carefully decomposed and manufactured, and the quality of the midnight green is the best.




The manufacturing process of Anxi Tieguanyin involves: cool green, sun-dried green, cool green, making green, (shaking green stall), stir-frying, kneading, initial baking, re-baking, double-bake kneading, slow roasting, and picking. Wait for the process to make the finished product.




The finest Tieguanyin tea sticks are curly, knotty, heavy, and have the head shape of a dragonfly with green pedicle and green belly. The luster is fresh, the sand is green, the red point is bright, and the leaf strap is hoarfrost. This is undoubtedly one of the most important characteristics of the superior Tieguanyin. The color of Tieguanyin soup is golden, rich and clear, the bottom of the leaves is plump and bright, with a silky surface. The tea infusion is mellow and sweet, and the imported sweetness has a honey flavor; the fragrance is rich and long-lasting, and it has the reputation of "seven bubbles with lingering fragrance".




The curative effect and value of Tieguanyin





1. Tieguanyin's weight loss and bodybuilding effects



Obesity is a malnutrition disorder that occurs with the continuous improvement of people's living standards. It is caused by excessive nutrient intake or insufficient use of energy stored in the body. Obesity not only brings many inconveniences to people's daily life, but also a cause of cardiovascular disease and diabetes. In 1996, the Fujian Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine conducted a study on the weight loss effects of drinking Tieguanyin on 102 adult men and women suffering from simple obesity. Studies have shown that Tieguanyin contains a large amount of tea polyphenols, which can not only improve the action of lipolytic enzymes, but also promote the metabolism of neutral lipase in tissues. Therefore, drinking Tieguanyin can improve the body shape of obese people, effectively reduce the subcutaneous fat and waist circumference of obese people, thereby reducing their weight.





2. Tieguanyin's heat-clearing effect



Tea is a good drink to prevent heatstroke and cool down. Li Shizhen’s "Compendium of Materia Medica" contains: "Tea is bitter and cold, and can reduce fire the most. Fire is a common disease, and when the fire falls, the fire will be clear. Warm drink will cause the fire to fall due to the cold, and hot drink will rise and disperse due to the fire." Futian, cool days, when the heat is overwhelming, drink a cup of cool Tieguanyin or a cup of hot Tieguanyin, you will feel cool physically and mentally, regenerating fluids and relieving the heat. This is because the tea soup contains tea polyphenols, sugars, amino acids, pectins, vitamins, etc., which react chemically with the saliva in the mouth to moisturize the mouth, so it can produce body fluids and quench thirst. At the same time, due to the effect of caffeine in Tieguanyin, a large amount of energy is released from the skin pores of the human body. According to reports, drinking a cup of hot tea can release heat from sweat through the skin pores of the human body, which is equivalent to 50 times that of this cup of tea, so it can make people feel cool and relieve the heat.






Three, Tieguanyin's refreshing effect



Almost everyone knows that drinking tea can refresh your mind. There are many medical records in the past in our country, and the literati, inkmen and eminent monks all wield the brilliant pen to praise the tea for refreshing and thinking. Bai Juyi's poem "Thirteen of the East Neighbor Kings" said: "Hand in hand with the moon on the edge of the lake, open your arms and bamboos under the wind. Drive sorrows and know the power of wine, break sleep and see tea." The poem clearly mentions the power of tea refreshing sleep. Su Dongpo's poem said: "Thirty pieces of Jiancha, regardless of the taste, will be given to Lay Bao, and the monk's room fights the Sandman." He said that Jiancha is given to Lay Bao, so that he can drink it so that he can avoid dozing off during Zen meditation. Drinking tea is good for thinking, so it is loved by people, especially by some writers, poets and other mental workers. For example, the great French writer Balzac, the Chinese American female writer Han Suyin, and the famous Chinese writer Yao Xueyin all love tea to help their writing.




Tieguanyin can refresh your mind, and its function is mainly the caffeine in tea. Caffeine has the functions of stimulating the central nervous system, enhancing thinking and improving efficiency. Therefore, after drinking tea, it can break sleep, refresh, get rid of annoyance, relieve fatigue, clear the mind, improve thinking, and can significantly improve oral defense ability and mathematical thinking response. At the same time, because Tieguanyin contains polyphenols and other compounds, it offsets the adverse effects of pure caffeine on the human body. This is also one of the important reasons why tea drinking has a long history, long-lasting prosperity and continuous development.


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