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铁观音纯雅礼和
铁观音纯雅礼和


乌龙茶色香韵味
‍‍乌龙茶色香韵味
News Detail

浓香型铁观音与清香型铁观音的区别

  15
Issuing time:2022-09-18 21:07

作为秋茶的代表,铁观音素有“春水秋香”之称,而用不了多久我们就可以等到今年的寒露铁观音上市了。


在购买铁观音时,大家会看到市面上的铁观音主要分为浓香型与清香型。


那这二者到底有什么区别呢?我们应该买哪种呢?


浓香型铁观音与清香型铁观音制作工艺不同



在制作工艺方面,浓香型铁观音与清香型铁观音区别的主要在做青和焙火上。


浓香型




浓香型铁观音在做青时重摇、厚摊、短晾,属于传统的中度发酵。浓香型铁观音俗称焙火茶、熟火茶,所以在焙火时通常采用120~180℃中高温进行焙火。


清香型


清香型铁观音在做青时轻摇、薄摊、长晾,所以发酵程度更低。在焙火时,清香型铁观音属于文火慢烘,一般采用50~70℃的中低温焙火。


而咱们之前文章中介绍的正味、消青、拖酸三种工艺的铁观音,其实都属于清香型铁观音。


感官体验不同



浓香型


浓香型铁观音因为经过高温焙火,茶叶中的叶绿素被破坏,所以干茶偏墨绿色,色泽乌润,条索稍紧,呈青蒂绿腹蜻蜓头状。


冲泡后,浓香型铁观音汤色金黄,清澈明亮;香气更丰富,兰花香外,又有栗香、甜香。



而且由于浓香型铁观音的发酵程度更足,焙火更重,所以其观音韵更加明显,滋味也更醇和厚重,回味悠长。


清香型


清香型铁观音的发酵程度较轻,采用文火慢烘,所以茶叶中的水分保存较多,强调清淡与鲜度。



而根据不同的工艺,正味铁观音干茶砂绿明显,色泽与后两者相比较为暗淡;消青铁观音干茶呈翠绿色,砂绿不如正味铁观音明显,色泽较鲜活;而拖酸铁观音观感上与消青铁观音差异不大。




冲泡后,清香型铁观音的茶汤很像绿茶,清汤绿水,滋味鲜醇高爽,尤其香气高扬,很有冲击力,这也是清香型铁观音能迅速流行的重要原因。


适宜人群不同



浓香型


浓香型铁观音,有焙火香,口感较重,适合资深茶友和口味偏重的新茶友。品饮时建议适当延长冲泡时间,茶汤滋味会更加浓郁,更富有层次感。


清香型



清香型铁观音,适合口味清淡的茶友,新手友好度高,不喝茶的人,可以从清香型铁观音入手。品饮时建议快速出汤,久泡容易发涩。

As the representative of autumn tea, Tieguanyin is known as "spring water and autumn fragrance", and it will not be long before we can wait until this year's Cold Dew Tieguanyin is on the market.


When buying Tieguanyin, you will see that Tieguanyin on the market is mainly divided into strong fragrance and light fragrance.


So what's the difference between the two? Which should we buy?


Different production process



In terms of production technology, the difference between the strong-flavor Tieguanyin and the light-flavor Tieguanyin is mainly in the greening and roasting.


Strong flavor




Luzhou-flavored Tieguanyin is a traditional medium-fermentation when it is made green with heavy shaking, thick spread, and short drying. The strong-flavored Tieguanyin is commonly known as roasted tea and cooked fire tea, so it is usually roasted at a medium and high temperature of 120~180℃.


Fragrance type


The fragrance-type Tieguanyin is shaken gently, spread thinly, and dried for a long time, so the degree of fermentation is lower. When roasting, the fragrant Tieguanyin belongs to the slow roasting, and generally adopts the medium and low temperature roasting at 50~70℃.


And the three kinds of Tieguanyin of Zhengwei, Qingqing, and sour that we introduced in the previous article actually belong to the fragrance-type Tieguanyin.


Sensory experience is different



Strong flavor


The strong-flavor Tieguanyin has been roasted at high temperature and the chlorophyll in the tea leaves has been destroyed, so the dry tea is dark green, the color is dark and moist, the cord is slightly tight, and it is in the shape of a green-bellied dragonfly head.


After brewing, the strong-flavor Tieguanyin soup is golden yellow, clear and bright; the aroma is richer, besides the orchid fragrance, there are chestnut and sweet aromas.



Moreover, due to the stronger fermentation degree and heavier roasting of the Luzhou-flavored Tieguanyin, its Guanyin charm is more obvious, the taste is more mellow and thick, and the aftertaste is long.


Fragrance type


The degree of fermentation of the fragrance type Tieguanyin is relatively light, and the slow fire is used for slow drying, so the water in the tea leaves is more preserved, emphasizing lightness and freshness.



According to different processes, Zhengwei Tieguanyin dry tea has obvious sand green, and the color is duller than the latter two; Xiaoqing Tieguanyin dry tea is emerald green, and the sand green is not as obvious as Zhengwei Tieguanyin, and the color is more vivid; Acid Tieguanyin is not much different from Xiaoqing Tieguanyin.




After brewing, the tea soup of the fragrance-type Tieguanyin is very similar to green tea, the clear soup is green water, the taste is fresh and mellow, and the aroma is especially high, which is very impactful. This is also an important reason for the rapid popularity of the fragrance-type Tieguanyin.


Suitable for different people



Strong flavor


The strong-flavored Tieguanyin has the aroma of roasting and has a strong taste. It is suitable for senior tea lovers and new tea lovers with heavy tastes. When drinking, it is recommended to extend the brewing time appropriately, the taste of the tea soup will be stronger and more layered.


Fragrance type



The fragrance-type Tieguanyin is suitable for tea lovers with a light taste. It is highly novice-friendly. Those who do not drink tea can start with the fragrance-type Tieguanyin. When drinking, it is recommended to make the soup quickly, and it is easy to become astringent after long-term soaking.


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