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铁观音纯雅礼和
铁观音纯雅礼和


乌龙茶色香韵味
‍‍乌龙茶色香韵味
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福建茶叶有多少种种类?具体又是怎么分类的 福建茶类汇总大全

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Issuing time:2022-05-02 20:02

关于福建茶种类的分类,由于福建茶叶品系过多,我们可以粗略地分为以下五类。




一、乌龙茶。福建自古以来就被誉为乌龙茶的故乡。早在明清时期,福建人民就已经创制了乌龙茶。福建乌龙茶也同样是茶文化历史最悠久的几个茶种之一。乌龙茶绝对可以算得上是福建茶道乃至中国茶道最为巅峰的瑰宝级茶品了。其分类则依据于不同的地理位置,大概可以分为福建南北两派乌龙茶系。闽北乌龙茶之中精品不在少数,但其中名气最大,驰名中外的当属岩茶。而对于岩茶而言,它是一类茶种的总称,其中最为经典的当推岩茶中的翘楚——大红袍。至于闽南乌龙,其中较为典型的代表当属安溪的铁观音。值得一提的是闽北的岩茶以及闽南的铁观音皆是中国十大名茶。同一个省份占据两种十大名茶这是十分难能可贵的。




二、红茶。福建红茶的历史同样十分悠久。据史料记载其实远在清朝年间,勤劳能干的福建人民就已经发明出了红茶。对于福建的红茶而言其主要以工夫红茶为主。在福建当地有三大红茶共称为福建三大工夫红茶。但是最为出名的红茶并不是这三种红茶而是正山小种红茶。这种红茶除了在国内受众极广,在国外同样是享有极高的声誉。




三、白茶。其实在整个茶叶行业,白茶都不怎么流行。但是福建仍然是白茶最主要的产区。近些年来,福建的白茶也凭借着其出色的药用效果逐渐走向人们的视野之中。而关于白茶的分类则主要分为大白,小白以及水仙白。其中知名度最高的当属白毫银针。




四、绿茶。福建的绿茶相对于其他几种茶类而言,名声虽然可能没有那么显赫。但是实力依然不可小觑。福建的绿茶同样可以分为多种种类。其主要有尤溪绿茶、石亭茶、七境堂绿茶、天山绿茶、莲峰大毫、莲心茶、雪峰白毛猴、福云曲毫、云峰毛峰、云峰螺毫等。




五、莉花茶。茉莉花茶在很多人眼中其实是一种很容易被大家忽略的茶类。但是实际上福建茉莉花茶的历史可以追溯到十六世纪左右,这比最出名的乌龙茶还要悠久许多。福建的茉莉花茶其实并不是直接以茉莉花茶叶作为制茶的原材料,相反它是以茉莉花为作料熏烘优质的绿茶而制成。用这种茶叶泡制出来的茶水不仅仅具有绿茶的鲜美同时也具有茉莉花的芬芳。

Regarding the classification of Fujian tea types, due to the large number of Fujian tea varieties, we can roughly divide them into the following five categories.




1. Oolong tea. Fujian has been known as the hometown of oolong tea since ancient times. As early as the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the people of Fujian had already created oolong tea. Fujian oolong tea is also one of the tea varieties with the longest history of tea culture. Oolong tea can definitely be regarded as a treasure-grade tea at the peak of Fujian tea ceremony and even Chinese tea ceremony. Its classification is based on different geographical locations, and it can be roughly divided into two groups of oolong teas in the north and south of Fujian. There are not a few high-quality oolong teas in northern Fujian, but the most famous one is rock tea. For rock tea, it is a general term for a type of tea species, among which the most classic Dangtui rock tea is the leader - Dahongpao. As for the southern Fujian oolong, the more typical representative is the Tieguanyin of Anxi. It is worth mentioning that rock tea from northern Fujian and Tieguanyin from southern Fujian are among the top ten famous teas in China. It is very rare that the same province occupies two top ten famous teas.




Second, black tea. Fujian black tea also has a long history. According to historical records, in fact, as far back as the Qing Dynasty, the hard-working and capable people of Fujian had already invented black tea. For black tea in Fujian, it is mainly based on Gongfu black tea. There are three major black teas in Fujian, which are called Fujian's three major Gongfu black teas. But the most famous black tea is not these three kinds of black tea but Zhengshan Souchong black tea. This kind of black tea enjoys a very high reputation in foreign countries in addition to its wide audience in China.




Three, white tea. In fact, in the entire tea industry, white tea is not very popular. But Fujian is still the most important producing area of white tea. In recent years, Fujian white tea has gradually entered people's field of vision with its excellent medicinal effects. The classification of white tea is mainly divided into large white, small white and narcissus white. Among them, the most famous one is the Baihao Silver Needle.




Fourth, green tea. Compared with other types of tea, Fujian's green tea may not be as famous. But the strength is still not to be underestimated. Fujian green tea can also be divided into various types. It mainly includes Youxi green tea, Shiting tea, Qijingtang green tea, Tianshan green tea, Lianfeng Dahao, Lianxin tea, Xuefeng white monkey, Fuyun Quhao, Yunfeng Maofeng, Yunfeng Luohao and so on.




5. Lihua tea. In the eyes of many people, jasmine tea is actually a kind of tea that is easily overlooked by everyone. But in fact the history of Fujian jasmine tea can be traced back to around the 16th century, which is much older than the most famous oolong tea. In fact, Fujian jasmine tea is not directly made from jasmine tea leaves as the raw material for making tea, on the contrary, it is made of high-quality green tea smoked and roasted with jasmine flowers as the ingredient. The tea brewed with this tea not only has the deliciousness of green tea but also has the fragrance of jasmine.


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