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铁观音纯雅礼和
铁观音纯雅礼和


乌龙茶色香韵味
‍‍乌龙茶色香韵味
News Detail

铁观音也能做白茶?白茶到底有没有标准品种?

  1
Issuing time:2022-04-30 11:48

  白茶知多少?


现如今的白茶,真的是太火爆了!火到大家还没有来得及看清它,就已经蔓延到全国各地了。茶友才刚弄懂什么是白茶、安吉白茶是绿茶不是白茶之后,问题又来了:听说铁观音也能做白茶?龙井43也能做白茶?



白茶的火爆,不仅是销区的拓展,还体现在产区的扩大。白茶,中国六大茶类之一,随着市场的推广,已成为家喻户晓的名茶品类。生产白茶的地方,也从闽东、闽北逐步扩展到了福建全境甚至省外。在安徽、湖南、贵州等地也都能见到白茶的生产,而其中最为火热的白茶新兴产区,非云南莫属。福鼎白茶原产地微信:chaget




随着白茶经济效益的逐步提升,又听说工艺极其简单,不炒不揉,所以感觉许多茶区的人都跃跃欲试。那么白茶到底有没有标准品种呢?





1


白茶有无标准品种?




按照工艺来说,铁观音、龙井43号确实可以做成白茶,但是品种对白茶茶叶品质的形成十分关键。




适制白茶的茶树种类很多,但是要制作传统意义上的福建白茶,要求选用品种茸毛多、白毫显露、氨基酸含量高的品种,这样制作出的白茶才能身披白毫、滋味鲜爽,毫香蜜韵明显。





2


哪些品种适合做白茶?




那么,到底哪些品种适合制作白茶,它们之间又有什么关系呢?是否这些品种都是适合制作白茶的品种呢?






3


福建白茶常见品种




福建白茶可分为小白茶、大白茶、水仙白茶,最早是采摘菜茶鲜叶制作,之后才用水仙、福鼎大白、政和大白、福鼎大毫、福安大白、福云系列等茶树品种来制作。






菜茶


有性系,群体种。菜茶,在白茶产区也称为小茶、土茶,产生的历史久远,栽培历史约有1000余年,因为老百姓将其种在房前屋后的茶园里,就像田园里的菜一样司空见惯,所以被称作“菜茶”。一般用来制作小白茶、贡眉。


适制:白茶、红茶、绿茶


主要产地:福鼎、建瓯、建阳、政和、松溪




福鼎大白茶


无性系,小乔木型、中叶类、早生种。原产福鼎太姥山,品种编号为GS13001-1985。品质优异,适应性良好,制白茶,易加工,毫香较显、滋味鲜醇。


适制:白茶、红茶、绿茶


主要产地:福鼎




福鼎大毫茶


无性系,小乔木,大叶类,早生种。原产于福鼎县汪家洋村,品种编号为GS13002-1985。制白茶,芽毫肥壮、毫色洁白,加工中不易变色,毫香显。


适制:白茶、红茶、绿茶


主要产地:福鼎






政和大白茶


小乔木,无性系,大叶类,晚生种。原产政和铁山乡,已有100多年栽培史,品种编号为GS13005-1985。叶面隆起,叶缘微波,叶质厚脆。几乎不结果实。制白茶,外形肥壮,白毫密披,色白如银,香清鲜,味甘醇。


适制:白茶、红茶、绿茶


主要产地:政和、松溪






福安大白茶


小乔木,无性系,大叶类,早生种。原产福安康厝,品种编号为GS13003-1985。制白茶,芽壮毫显,香鲜味醇。


适制:白茶、红茶、绿茶


主要产地:福安、政和、松溪


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福建水仙


无性系,小乔木,大叶类,晚生种。原产建阳小湖乡大湖村,已有100多年栽培史,品种编号为GS13009-1985。制白茶,芽壮、毫多、色白,香清味醇。


适制:乌龙茶、白茶


主要产地:建瓯、建阳、武夷山、漳平、永春






九龙大白茶


无性系,小乔木,大叶类,早生种。原产松溪郑墩镇双源村。品种编号为闽审茶1998001。叶面微隆起,叶缘平或微波,叶质较厚脆。制白茶,芽壮色白,香鲜味醇。


适制:白茶、红茶、绿茶


主要产地:松溪






早春毫


无性系,小乔木,大叶类,特早生种。福建省农科院茶叶所选育,品种编号为闽审茶2003001。制白茶,芽壮毫显,香鲜味醇。


适制:白茶、红茶、绿茶


主要产地:霞浦、柘荣、福安


 




福云6号




      无性繁殖系,小乔木型,大叶类,早生种。由福鼎大白茶与云南大叶茶自然杂交的后代选育而成。1987年,通过国家农作物品种审定委员会审定。幼株成长快,适应性强。


     适制:白茶、红茶、绿茶


     主要产地:福安、政和






福云20号


无性系,小乔木,大叶类,中生种。福建省农科院茶叶所选育,品种编号为闽审茶2005001。制白茶,外形肥壮,披毫,毫色银白,秋茶特别银亮。


适制:白茶、红茶、绿茶


主要产地:福安、政和、松溪






梅占




小乔木,中叶类,中生种。原产安溪芦田,已有100多年栽培史,品种编号为GS13004-1985。叶身内折,叶齿较锐、浅、密,叶质厚脆。花量较多,结实率极低。制白茶茶汤醇厚鲜活、带兰花香、果香,香气清远。


适制:乌龙茶、红茶、绿茶、白茶


主要产地:武夷山、政和、安溪、漳州






其他


应用高香型乌龙茶新品种,如:金观音、黄观音、金牡丹、紫牡丹等新品种,按白茶标准采摘茶叶鲜叶原料,同时又按白茶的基本加工工艺(鲜叶→萎凋→烘制→成品)兼融乌龙茶摇青工艺制作而成的新工艺白茶。茶色泽墨绿带白毫,外形自然,硬实,汤色杏黄透亮,滋味醇厚,甘甜滑口,具有乌龙茶本身所固有的天然花香。


适制:乌龙茶、红茶、白茶


主要产地:武夷山、安溪

How much do you know about white tea?


Today's white tea is really hot! The fire spread to all parts of the country before everyone could see it clearly. After tea friends just figured out what white tea is and whether Anji white tea is green tea, not white tea, the question comes again: I heard that Tieguanyin can also make white tea? Can Longjing 43 also make white tea?


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The popularity of white tea is not only the expansion of the sales area, but also the expansion of the production area. White tea, one of the six major tea categories in China, has become a well-known tea category with the promotion of the market. The place where white tea is produced has gradually expanded from eastern and northern Fujian to the whole of Fujian and even outside the province. The production of white tea can also be seen in Anhui, Hunan, Guizhou and other places, and the most popular emerging white tea production area is Yunnan. Origin of Fuding White Tea WeChat: chaget




With the gradual improvement of the economic benefits of white tea, I heard that the process is extremely simple, no frying or kneading, so I feel that many people in the tea area are eager to try it. So is there a standard variety of white tea?


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1


Are there standard varieties of white tea?




According to the process, Tieguanyin and Longjing No. 43 can indeed be made into white tea, but the variety is very important to the formation of the quality of white tea.




There are many kinds of tea trees suitable for making white tea, but to make Fujian white tea in the traditional sense, it is required to choose varieties with more hairs, exposed pekoe, and high amino acid content. The rhyme is obvious.





2


Which varieties are suitable for making white tea?




So, which varieties are suitable for making white tea, and what is the relationship between them? Are these varieties suitable for making white tea?






3


Common varieties of Fujian white tea




Fujian white tea can be divided into small white tea, large white tea, and narcissus white tea. It was first made by picking fresh leaves of vegetable tea, and later, narcissus, Fuding Dabai, Zhenghe Dabai, Fuding Dahao, Fuan Dabai, Fuyun series and other tea tree varieties came to make.






Vegetable tea


There are sexual lines, group species. Vegetable tea, also known as small tea and earth tea in the white tea producing area, has a long history of cultivation, with a cultivation history of about 1,000 years, because the common people plant it in the tea gardens in front of and behind the house, just like vegetables in the countryside. , so it is called "vegetable tea". It is generally used to make Xiaobaicha and Gongmei.


Suitable system: white tea, black tea, green tea


Main origin: Fuding, Jianou, Jianyang, Zhenghe, Songxi




Fuding white tea


Clone, small tree type, middle-leaf type, early-growing species. Originally from Taimu Mountain, Fuding, the variety number is GS13001-1985. Excellent quality, good adaptability, making white tea, easy to process, more fragrant, fresh and mellow.


Suitable system: white tea, black tea, green tea


Main place of origin: Fuding




Fuding Dahao Tea


Clonal, small trees, large leaves, early species. Originated in Wangjiayang Village, Fuding County, the variety number is GS13002-1985. To make white tea, the buds are plump and strong, the color is white, and it is not easy to change color during processing, and the fragrance is obvious.


Suitable system: white tea, black tea, green tea


Main place of origin: Fuding






Zhenghe Dabaicha


Small trees, clones, large leaves, late species. Originally from Zhenghe Tieshan Township, it has a cultivation history of more than 100 years, and the variety number is GS13005-1985. The leaf surface is uplifted, the leaf margin is microwaved, and the leaf quality is thick and brittle. almost fruitless. Made of white tea, it is plump in appearance, densely covered with pekoe, white as silver, fragrant and fresh, and sweet in taste.


Suitable system: white tea, black tea, green tea


Main producing areas: Zhenghe, Songxi






Fu'an white tea


Small trees, clones, large leaves, early species. The origin is Fu'an Kangcuo, the variety number is GS13003-1985. Making white tea, the buds are strong and the buds are strong and the fragrance is mellow.


Suitable system: white tea, black tea, green tea


Main producing areas: Fu'an, Zhenghe, Songxi


picture






Fujian Narcissus


Clonal, small trees, large leaves, late species. Originally from Dahu Village, Xiaohu Township, Jianyang, it has a cultivation history of more than 100 years, and the variety number is GS13009-1985. White tea is made, with strong buds, many centimeters, white color, fragrant and mellow taste.


Suitable system: oolong tea, white tea


Main origin: Jianou, Jianyang, Wuyishan, Zhangping, Yongchun






Kowloon White Tea


Clonal, small trees, large leaves, early species. Originally from Shuangyuan Village, Zhengdun Town, Songxi. The variety number is Minshen tea 1998001. The leaf surface is slightly raised, the leaf margin is flat or microwaved, and the leaf quality is thick and brittle. White tea is made, the buds are strong and white, fragrant and mellow.


Suitable system: white tea, black tea, green tea


Main place of origin: Songxi






early spring


Clonal, small trees, large leaves, very early species. The tea was selected and bred by the Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences, and the variety number is Minshen tea 2003001. Making white tea, the buds are strong and the buds are strong and the fragrance is mellow.


Suitable system: white tea, black tea, green tea


Main producing areas: Xiapu, Zherong, Fu'an


 




Fuyun 6




      Asexual reproduction line, small tree type, large leaves, early species. It is selected and bred from the offspring of the natural hybridization of Fuding Dabaicha and Yunnan Dayecha. In 1987, it was approved by the National Crop Variety Approval Committee. Young plants grow fast and have strong adaptability.


     Suitable system: white tea, black tea, green tea


     Main origin: Fu'an, Zhenghe






Fuyun 20


Clone, small tree, large leaf, mesophyte. The tea was selected and bred by the Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences, and the variety number is Minshen tea 2005001. Made of white tea, the shape is fat and strong, with pihao, and the color is silver and white, and the autumn tea is particularly silvery.


Suitable system: white tea, black tea, green tea


Main producing areas: Fu'an, Zhenghe, Songxi






Mei Zhan




Small tree, middle leaf, mesophyte. Originally from Anxi Lutian, it has a cultivation history of more than 100 years, and the variety number is GS13004-1985. The leaf body is folded inward, the leaf teeth are sharp, shallow and dense, and the leaf quality is thick and brittle. The flowers are more abundant and the seed setting rate is extremely low. The white tea soup is mellow and fresh, with orchid fragrance, fruit fragrance, and the fragrance is clear and distant.


Suitable system: oolong tea, black tea, green tea, white tea


Main producing areas: Wuyishan, Zhenghe, Anxi, Zhangzhou






other


Use new varieties of high-flavor oolong tea, such as: Jin Guanyin, Huang Guanyin, Golden Peony, Purple Peony and other new varieties, pick fresh tea leaves according to white tea standards, and at the same time according to the basic processing technology of white tea (fresh leaves → wither → baking → Finished product) A new craft white tea made by blending oolong tea shake green craft. The tea color is dark green with pekoe, natural in appearance, firm and firm, the soup color is apricot yellow and translucent, the taste is mellow, sweet and smooth, and has the inherent natural floral aroma of oolong tea itself.


Suitable system: oolong tea, black tea, white tea


Main origin: Wuyi Mountain, Anxi


Article classification: 茶叶的种类
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