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铁观音纯雅礼和
铁观音纯雅礼和


乌龙茶色香韵味
‍‍乌龙茶色香韵味
News Detail

铁观音茶的诗情画意

  2
Issuing time:2022-04-26 15:30

自古,茶有两种

一种是柴米油盐酱醋茶


另一种是琴棋书画诗酒茶




文人饮茶是一种文化


百姓喝茶是一种需要


但两者都同时反映了


一个现象




那就是


茶已成为


人们日常生活中


不可或缺的一部分


图片

更甚者


有如边疆地区的少数民族




素来有


宁可三日无食


不可一日无茶之说



由此可看出,茶之于中国


可谓是一点也不亚于


果腹之粮食




不仅如此


以茶代酒,粗茶淡饭等


关于茶的成语也被频繁使用


那看似简简单单的几个字


不仅反映了人们的爱茶之心


更是突出了人们从茶中


领略到的生活真趣




上至君王,以茶代酒




“以茶代酒”出自晋朝陈寿《三国志·吴志·韦曜传》:“皓每飨宴,无不竟日,坐席无能否率已七升为限,虽不悉入口,皆浇灌取尽。曜素饮酒不过二升,初见礼异时,常为裁减,或密赐荈以当酒。”


解读:三国东吴的末代皇帝孙皓经常摆酒设宴,要群臣作陪,并规定赴宴的大臣至少每人喝酒7升。但是,群臣之中有个人叫韦曜,酒量只有二升。这个韦曜原是孙皓的父亲南阳王孙和的老师,故孙皓对韦曜格外照顾。看他喝不动,就让他“以茶代酒”。后来这个“以茶代酒”的典故被沿用至今,常见于酒桌,不能喝酒或者喝不下酒,就以茶代酒敬主人家。






下至平民,粗茶淡饭




“粗茶淡饭”出于宋·黄庭坚《四休导士诗序》:“粗茶淡饭饱即休,补破遮寒暖即休,三平二满过即休,不贪不妒老即休。”



解读:大体形容饮食简单,生活简朴。其中,“粗茶淡饭”中的粗指粗糙、简单;淡饭指古时盐比较匮乏,穷苦人家买不起,因此只能无盐下菜,称为淡饭。常用于家里来客人,表示客套。






富甲商贾,茶余饭后




“茶余饭后”出自元代关汉卿《斗鹌鹑·女校尉》套曲:“茶余饭饱邀故友,谢馆秦楼,散闷消愁”。


解读:在休息和空闲的时候,约上三五知己,去都城中的吃喝玩乐之所,消除心中烦闷之感。






大户人家,三茶六礼




“三茶六礼”是中国古代传统婚姻嫁娶过程中的一种习俗礼仪。其中,茶礼是婚礼中最隆重的一种礼节,主要出自古人对茶树习性的认识,以为茶树只能从种子萌芽成株,不能移植,因而把茶树看作是一种至性不移的象征。后来,民间就常以茶作为男女订婚的茶礼。



解读:三茶,指订婚时的“下茶”,结婚时的“定茶”和同房时的“合茶”。六礼,指由求婚至完婚的整个结婚过程,即婚姻据以成立的纳采、问名、纳吉、纳征、请期、亲迎等六种仪式。





除此之外,还有诸如


人走茶凉、茶饭无心等等


......


都很好地验证了


上至帝王将相、文人墨客


下至挑夫贩夫、平民百姓


无不以茶为好


无不以茶为伴



前人尚且如此


作为后人的我们


怎能不“折腰”?

Since ancient times, there are two kinds of tea

One is Chai Rice Oil Salt Sauce Vinegar Tea


The other is qin, chess, calligraphy, painting, poetry, wine and tea




Literati drinking tea is a kind of culture


It is a need for people to drink tea


but both reflect


a phenomenon




That is


tea has become


people's daily life


Indispensable part


picture

even more


like frontier minorities




always have


I would rather go without food for three days


It is impossible to live without tea for a day



It can be seen from this that tea is important to China


It can be said that it is no less than


food for the belly




Not only that


Substitute tea for wine, coarse tea and light rice, etc.


Idioms about tea are also frequently used


Those seemingly simple words


Not only reflects people's love of tea


It also highlights that people get from tea


The real fun of life




Up to the king, with tea instead of wine




"Substituting tea for wine" comes from Chen Shou's "Three Kingdoms, Wu Zhi, Wei Yao's Biography" in the Jin Dynasty: "Every feast, there is no shortage of days, and the rate of the seats is limited to seven liters. Although I don't know the entrance, they are all watered and taken Exhausted. Yaosu can only drink two liters of alcohol. When he first saw the difference in etiquette, he often cut it down, or secretly gave him a lot of water to serve as wine."


Interpretation: Sun Hao, the last emperor of the Soochow Dynasty of the Three Kingdoms, often set up banquets with wine and invited ministers to accompany him. However, there was a man named Wei Yao among the ministers, and his drink capacity was only two liters. This Wei Yao was originally the teacher of Sun Hao's father, Wang Sunhe of Nanyang, so Sun Hao took special care of Wei Yao. Seeing that he could not drink, let him "replace wine with tea". Later, the allusion of "replacing wine with tea" has been used to this day.






Down to the commoners, rough food




"Rough tea and light rice" comes from Song Huang Tingjian's "Four Breaks Guide Poem Preface": "Rough tea and light meals will take a break when you are full, and you will take a break when you are full to cover the cold and warmth. If you are not greedy or jealous, you will take a break when you are old."



Interpretation: generally describe simple diet and simple life. Among them, the rough in "Rough Tea and Light Rice" refers to roughness and simplicity; light rice refers to the lack of salt in ancient times, and poor people could not afford it, so they could only cook without salt, which is called light rice. It is often used for guests at home to express courtesy.






A rich businessman, after a meal




"After Tea and Meal" comes from Guan Hanqing's "Fighting Quails: Female School Captain" set in Yuan Dynasty: "After tea and dinner, I invite old friends, thank the Qin Building, and relieve boredom and sorrow."


Interpretation: When you are resting and free, make an appointment with your confidants and go to the places where you can eat, drink, and play in the capital city, so as to eliminate the feeling of boredom in your heart.






Big family, three teas and six rituals




"Three teas and six ceremonies" is a custom and etiquette in the process of traditional marriage in ancient China. Among them, the tea ceremony is the most solemn ceremony in weddings. It mainly comes from the ancients' understanding of the habits of tea trees. They think that tea trees can only germinate from seeds and cannot be transplanted. Therefore, tea trees are regarded as a symbol of immutability. . Later, tea was often used as a tea ceremony for engagement between men and women.



Interpretation: Three teas, referring to the "tea time" during engagement, the "set tea" during marriage, and the "combination tea" during the same room. The six ceremonies refer to the entire marriage process from the proposal to the completion of the marriage, that is, the six ceremonies based on which the marriage is established, including the adoption, the enquiry, the acceptance, the acceptance, the request period, and the personal welcome.





Besides, there are


People walk for tea, tea and rice are unintentional, etc.


......


are well verified


Up to the emperors, generals and ministers, scholars and writers


Down to the porters, the common people


All tea is good


All accompanied by tea



The predecessors are still like this


us as descendants


How can you not "bend your waist"?


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