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铁观音纯雅礼和
铁观音纯雅礼和


乌龙茶色香韵味
‍‍乌龙茶色香韵味
News Detail

铁观音制作工艺  正炒铁观音  拖补铁观音

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Issuing time:2022-04-10 15:04

 安溪铁观音制作严谨,技艺精巧。一年分四季采制,谷雨至立夏(4月中下旬~5月上旬)为春茶,产量占全年总产量的15~25%;夏至至小暑(6月中下旬~7月上旬)为夏茶,产量占25~30%;立秋至处暑(8月上旬~8月下旬)为暑茶,产量占15~20%;秋分至寒露(9月下旬~10月上旬)为秋茶,产量占40~45%。制茶品质以秋茶为最好,春茶次之。


秋茶,其香气特高,俗称秋香,汤味醇厚。夏、暑茶品质较次。鲜叶采摘标准必须在嫩梢形成驻芽后,顶叶刚开展呈小开面或中开面时,采下二、三叶。采时要做到“五不”,即不折断叶片,不折叠叶张,不碰碎叶尖,不带单片,不带鱼叶和老梗。生长地带不同的茶树鲜叶要分开,特别是早青、午青、晚青要严格分开制造,以午青品质为最优。


  安溪铁观音的制造工艺,要经过:凉青、晒青、凉青、做青、(摇青摊置)、炒青、揉捻、初焙、复焙、复包揉、文火慢烤、拣簸等工序才制成成品。


  正炒铁观音


  正炒做法基本按传统铁观音的制作工艺,并及时下锅杀青,采青后第二天中午11-12点炒青(杀青),所以称为正炒。正炒做法具有传统铁观音的特征,干茶砂绿色明显,因走水充分汤色黄绿、明亮、透白;汤味滑、活、厚,上等茶花果香浓郁,观音韵明显,回味甘甜,口齿留香;叶底色黄绿,有光泽,底片柔软;安溪茶农自己留着喝的也多数都是这种工艺茶。因此正炒铁观音适合有一定茶龄的茶客,也适合斗茶。铁观音茶王比赛用的就必须这种做法的铁观音。此类茶口感较轻。


  拖补铁观音


  将摇好的茶青,置于空调间,静置至次日下午以后,才可以开始入锅炒青(杀青)。由于茶青静置时间长,杀青时间拖延至第二日晚22-24点炒青,有的拖到第三天6-10点再炒青,因此称为拖补或拖酸,又叫拖青。 这种工艺做的好的有清爽的青香和酸香或清酸味,但却没有了铁观音的音韵。这类茶有明显的“三绿”特点:即干茶绿、汤色绿、叶底绿。有开盖夺香之势,很容易吸引刚接触观音的茶客。此类茶叶(铭茶案坊)口感较重。

Anxi Tieguanyin is rigorous in production and exquisite in craftsmanship. It is harvested and produced in four seasons of the year. Spring tea is from Grain Rain to Lixia (mid-late April to early May), accounting for 15-25% of the total annual output; summer solstice to Xiaoshu (mid-late June to early July) is summer tea. Tea, the output accounts for 25~30%; from the beginning of autumn to the end of summer (early August to late August) is summer tea, and the output accounts for 15~20%; the autumn equinox to cold dew (late September to early October) is autumn tea, and the output accounts for 40~45%. The quality of tea making is best in autumn tea, followed by spring tea. Autumn tea, its aroma is particularly high, commonly known as Qiuxiang, the soup is mellow. The quality of summer and summer tea is inferior. The standard for picking fresh leaves must be after the young shoots have formed buds, and when the top leaves have just developed a small or medium open surface, the second or third leaves should be picked. When harvesting, the "five nos" should be fulfilled, that is, not to break the leaves, not to fold the leaves, not to break the leaf tips, not to bring single pieces, not to bring fish leaves and old stems. The fresh leaves of tea trees in different growth areas should be separated, especially the early green, midday green and late green should be strictly produced separately, and the quality of midday green should be the best.


The manufacturing process of Anxi Tieguanyin has to go through: cool green, dry green, cool green, make green, (shake green spread), stir-fry green, knead, first bake, re-bake, re-bake and knead, slow roasting, pick toss Wait until the process is finished.


Frying Tieguanyin


The method of sautéing is basically based on the traditional Tieguanyin production process, and the pot is put into the pot in time to kill the green. The method of stir-frying has the characteristics of traditional Tieguanyin. The dried tea sand is obviously green, and the soup color is yellow-green, bright and white due to sufficient water; the soup is smooth, lively, and thick. , articulate and fragrant; the leaf background is yellow-green, shiny, and the negative film is soft; most of the Anxi tea farmers keep and drink this kind of craft tea. Therefore, it is suitable for tea drinkers with a certain age of tea, and it is also suitable for fighting tea. The Tieguanyin Tieguanyin that must be used in the Tieguanyin Tea King competition. This type of tea has a lighter taste.


Replenish Tieguanyin


Put the shaken tea greens in the air-conditioned room and let them sit until the afternoon of the next day before you can start to fry the tea greens (finish the greens). Due to the long standing time of tea greens, the finishing time is delayed until 22-24 o'clock in the evening of the second day, and some are delayed until 6-10 o'clock on the third day to fry green tea, so it is called dragging or sour, also called drag green. This kind of craftsmanship has a refreshing green and sour fragrance or clear and sour taste, but it does not have the phonology of Tieguanyin. This type of tea has obvious "three green" characteristics: dry tea green, soup green, and leaf bottom green. There is a tendency to open the lid and grab the fragrance, which is easy to attract tea customers who are new to Guanyin. This type of tea (Mingchaanfang) has a heavier taste.


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