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铁观音纯雅礼和
铁观音纯雅礼和


乌龙茶色香韵味
‍‍乌龙茶色香韵味
News Detail

安溪铁观音 规模化种植 多元化发展

  1
Issuing time:2022-04-09 23:11

它静静地躺在群山之中,被水库环抱,位于泉州市安溪县城参里村,有着悠久的种茶饮茶历史。随着气温一天天升高,一排排铁观音茶树发芽变绿,生机勃勃。



早上6点半,60多岁的采茶工黄阿姨提着一个竹篮,开始穿梭在茶垄间,熟练地采摘当年的初芽。“你需要足够的耐心来挑选茶叶。你需要一片叶子一片叶子的摘下来。”黄阿姨每年都要花一个月左右的时间在山里采茶,这一采就是十几年。过了采茶期,她回家等待来年。“一天200元左右,这样不仅能多一份收入,还能照顾家人。”黄阿姨说。




“铁观音贵如黄金”。茶园承包人陈邦国说,黄阿姨和他的团队采摘的春茶是早熟品种乌牛早。“乌牛早茶发芽早,每年2月中下旬至3月初开始采摘,有利于抢占市场先机。”20多年来,陈邦国一直在公共村庄承包茶园。10年前在村里的倡议下,他开始引进乌牛早茶、龙井43号等早熟品种。他已经实现了年收入过万元,还为村民提供了在家工作的机会。



说起今年的茶叶收成,陈邦国信心满满,“虽然今年乌牛早茶的开采时间比去年推迟了一周左右,但低温天气加快了茶叶营养成分的积累。预计今年茶叶价格将与去年持平,在每斤600元左右,茶叶产量将比去年增加20%左右。”


据了解,慈城地区的历史最早可追溯到7000年前的河姆渡文化、傅家山遗址和天罗山遗址。植物的根。如今,这片土地上生长着100多亩古茶树。


“我家从我爷爷那一代就开始种茶了。当时村里只有几户人种茶,种的都是慈城的老茶。需要挑个担子在英雄水库上坐船,或者沿着百灵古道走十公里左右。慈禧卖茶。”工友村副书记任回忆,工友村种茶、饮茶历史悠久,但由于过去交通不便,地处大山深处,产业规模不大,茶叶一度滞销。


近年来,通过坚持茶叶规模化种植、多元化发展,打造“生态茶园、优质茶叶、名茶品牌”,大众村从一个年可利用收入不足5万元的欠发达山村,转变为面积近500亩。茶树,茶叶年产值30万元以上的美丽新农村。


大力发展茶产业,发挥茶产业优势,成为江北乡村振兴的有力抓手。“经过这几年的发展,江北茶叶生产已经从单一的绿茶转向绿茶和红茶并存,平均每亩茶收益1万元左右。尤其是1999年在全市率先推出白烨一号,广受市场追捧,带动周边。山区致富。”据江北区农业与农村局专家介绍,今年江北茶园面积约三千八百五十亩,名优茶产量预计比上年增长一成,产值预计达到三千九百五十万元

Lying quietly among the mountains and embraced by the reservoir, it is located in the public village of Cicheng, the ancient county town of Jiangbei District, Ningbo City, with a long history of growing and drinking tea. As the temperature rises day by day, rows of tea trees sprout green and are full of vitality.



At 6:30 in the morning, Aunt Huang, a 60-year-old tea picker, carried a bamboo basket and began to shuttle between the tea ridges, skillfully picking the first buds of the year. "You need to be patient enough to pick tea. You need to pick one bud leaf by leaf." Aunt Huang spends about one month in the mountains picking tea every year, and this picking lasts more than ten years. After the tea picking period, she went home and waited for the coming year. "It's about 200 yuan a day, so not only can I have an extra income, but I can also take care of my family." Aunt Huang said.




"Mingqian tea is as precious as gold". Chen Bangguo, a tea garden contractor, said that the spring tea picked by Aunt Huang and his team is the early-ripening variety Wu Niu Zao. "Wuniu morning tea sprouts early, and picking starts from mid to late February to early March every year, which is conducive to seizing market opportunities." Chen Bangguo has been contracting tea gardens in public villages for more than 20 years. He started to introduce early-maturing varieties such as Wuniu Morning Tea and Longjing No. 43 under the initiative of the village 10 years ago. He has already achieved an annual income of over 10,000 yuan, and has also provided villagers with opportunities to work at home.



Speaking of this year's tea harvest, Chen Bangguo is full of confidence, "Although the mining time of Wuniu morning tea this year is delayed by about a week compared to last year, the low temperature weather has accelerated the accumulation of tea nutrients. It is expected that the price of tea this year will be the same as last year, at 600 About yuan per catty, tea production will increase by about 20% compared with last year."


It is understood that the history of the Cicheng area can be traced back to the Hemudu culture, the Fujiashan site and the Tianluoshan site as early as 7,000 years ago. Plant roots. Today, there are more than 100 acres of ancient tea trees growing on this land.


"My family has been growing tea since my grandfather's generation. At that time, there were only a few households in the village who grew tea, and the old tea from Cicheng was grown. It was necessary to carry a burden and take a boat on the Hero Reservoir, or walk about ten kilometers along the ancient Bailing Road. Cixi sells tea." Ren Yinjie, deputy secretary of the Gongyou Village, recalled that the Gongyou Village has a long history of growing and drinking tea, but due to its inconvenient transportation in the past, the industry was not large-scale due to its location deep in the mountains, and the tea was once unsalable.


In recent years, by insisting on the large-scale planting and diversified development of tea, and creating "ecological tea gardens, high-quality tea, and famous tea brands", the public village has transformed from an underdeveloped mountain village with an annual available income of less than 50,000 yuan to an area of nearly 500 acres. Tea tree, a beautiful new countryside with an annual output value of more than 300,000 yuan of tea.


Vigorously developing the tea industry and giving full play to the advantages of the tea industry has become a powerful starting point for Jiangbei's rural revitalization. "After these years of development, Jiangbei tea production has shifted from a single green tea to coexisting green tea and black tea, with an average benefit of about 10,000 yuan per mu of tea. Especially in 1999, it was the first to introduce Baiye No. 1 in the city, which was widely sought after by the market and drove the surrounding area. Get rich in the mountains.” According to experts from Jiangbei District Agriculture and Rural Affairs Bureau, this year’s Jiangbei tea plantation area is about 3,850 mu, the output of famous tea is expected to increase by 10% over the previous year, and the output value is expected to reach 39.5 million yuan


Article classification: 茶叶新闻
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