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铁观音纯雅礼和
铁观音纯雅礼和


乌龙茶色香韵味
‍‍乌龙茶色香韵味
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宫廷养肺秘笈 乾隆皇帝生前最爱的养肺茶 铁观音 武夷岩茶、台湾乌龙

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Issuing time:2022-03-21 11:37

清代宫廷蕴含着丰富的养生保健、防治疫疾、美容养颜、长寿延年等方面的宝贵经验,其用药精当的医方、考究科学的饮食搭配,对当今的养生疗病仍具有重要的指导意义。而其中简便易行的代茶饮更是极具特色。




君不可一日无茶——乾隆皇帝生前最爱的养肺茶




乾隆皇帝享年八十九岁,在位六十年,做太上皇四年,共执政六十四年。无论寿命和执政时间都位居两千多年皇帝之首。乾隆长寿的原因有很多,其中最主要的一条是乾隆皇帝非常注重益寿保健,对于日常饮食起居很是讲究,其中,喝茶便是乾隆帝的养生方法之一。


据传,晚年的乾隆皇帝,更是嗜茶如命,甚至在北海镜清斋内专设焙茶坞,悠闲品尝。乾隆六十年,乾隆帝决定次年让位给十五子永琰也就是后来的嘉庆,自封太上皇。期间,一位老臣不知是想拍马屁还是真心劝谏说:「国不可一日无君!」乾隆帝却端起御案上的一杯茶说:「君不可一日无茶!」这对联不单是工整,更是真实地反映出了乾隆帝真的很爱茶。


如此嗜爱喝茶的乾隆皇帝,在养肺润肺,改善呼吸功能方面也有自己钟爱的茶方。


张京春老师介绍了乾隆皇帝生前很喜欢喝的一款具有养肺功能的茶——青茶。


青茶




青茶,又称为乌龙茶,属于半发酵茶,是中国几大茶类中,独具鲜明汉族特色的茶叶品类。


其性平和,能润喉生津、化痰下气。


常见的青茶有铁观音、武夷岩茶、台湾乌龙等。




乌龙茶由宋代贡茶龙团、凤饼演变而来,创制于清朝雍正年间,


具有提神醒脑、消食去腻、生津止渴、醒酒等功效。


铁观音清香雅韵,冲泡后有天然的兰花香,香气馥郁持久,有「七泡有余香」之誉。相传「铁观音」名称的得来还有一段与皇家的故事。据说当年礼部侍郎方望溪将此茶进献给乾隆帝,乾隆品后非常喜欢,见该茶暗绿似铁,味香形美,犹如「观音」,遂赐名为「铁观音」。




张京春老师介绍,研究发现,


铁观音有抗衰老、抗动脉硬化、防治糖尿病、减肥健美、防治龋齿、清热降火等功效。


另有研究发现,其所含的有机化学成分,如茶多酚、儿茶素、多种氨基酸等,以及锰、铁、氟、钾、钠等微量元素的含量,明显高于其他茶类。其中以含氟量高名列各茶类之首,对防治龋齿和老年骨质疏松症有一定的效果。


总体来说:


青茶可以清肺润喉,改善呼吸系统机能,预防呼吸系统疾病;其富含茶多酚,可帮助调节血脂、利尿通便、抑菌抗病毒、护肝养胃、清除口腔异味;富含的儿茶素则具有延缓老化、预防龋齿、改变肠道微生物的分布、抗菌、除臭等作用,还可以达到清肠排毒、改善微循环、平衡消化系统的功效。


夏季消暑祛疾、开胃消食、应对暑湿感冒的药茶方


进入七月,全国各地高温天气频现,30多度的高温成为各地标配,中央气象台持续发布高温黄色预警。高温天气下,人不仅容易中暑,还会出现夏季特有的感冒——暑湿感冒,也就是老百姓俗称的热伤风。常见的症状有发热、咳浓痰、流稠涕等。


过去宫廷里没有空调,出现了中暑、暑湿感冒怎么办呢?


张京春老师介绍了一款皇宫内夏季既能消暑祛疾,又能治疗暑湿感冒的药茶。


普济药茶


【组成】南藿香6两4钱,苍术7两2钱,木香7两6钱,半夏7两5钱,苏薄荷7两8钱,厚朴7两5钱,陈皮3两,荆芥8两1钱,青皮6两,木瓜7两8钱,枳壳7两8钱,槟榔7两8钱,南苏叶8两1钱,甘草3两(生),安化茶20斤。


【用法】共研细末,拌匀听用。


【主治】此茶专治胸膈膨闷,腹脘嘈杂,食后倒饱,四时感冒不正之气,头疼,发热恶寒,伤风咳嗽,呕吐涎水,功能消食散寒,宽中下气,解表清瘟,和胃止呕。随便饮之。


张京春老师介绍,这是一款皇宫内夏月的消暑祛疾,宽中和胃的药茶,


有提精神、祛邪气、开胃消食的功用


。茶叶味苦甘性凉,有很好的清头目、除烦渴,消食利尿的作用。而于茶叶中更加入荆芥、薄荷、藿香、苍术、苏叶诸药,解表祛暑、发散宣通之力更强,理气和中之效更著。且其中如木香、厚朴、薄荷等气味芳芬,与茶叶气味相得益彰,薄荷、藿香解暑祛湿、清利头目,更加入木瓜、槟榔除湿利水,半夏、枳壳、陈皮、青皮等健脾和胃理气之品,全方集祛暑解表化湿、健脾理气利水于一体,是暑天皇宫中防暑及治疗暑湿感冒的良品。


本方尤为宝贵之处在于药物分量的搭配,精致考究到钱(1~3克),这其中与各药药性之寒凉、气味之甘苦等可能有某种值得注意的含意。一般药茶配出经常有药气胜茶气之弊,而本方优质安化茶20斤,所配各药均在半斤左右,故虽皇族贵戚、内廷妃嫔亦喜饮用,其配方之妙,值得借鉴。


安化黑茶,产于湖南省,属于后发酵茶,是中国黑茶的始祖,万历年间被定为官茶,茶汤透明洁净,香气浓郁清正。主要品种有三尖、三砖、一卷,其中三尖中的天尖、贡尖在清道光年间被列为贡品,供皇室饮用。




《本草纲目拾遗》记载安化茶「其色浓黑,味苦中带甘,食之清神和胃。性湿,味苦微甘,下膈气、消滞,去寒」。


黑茶具有解油腻、调理肠胃、生津止渴等功效


,对降压降脂降糖和治疗冠心病、防治老年骨质疏松、增强抵抗力都有良好的效果。

The court of the Qing Dynasty contained a wealth of valuable experience in health care, prevention and treatment of epidemic diseases, beauty and beauty, and longevity. significance. Among them, the simple and easy-to-use tea replacement is very special.


Today, the editor specially invited Zhang Jingchun, chief physician of the Cardiovascular Department of Xiyuan Hospital of the Chinese Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences and chairman of the Royal Medical Research Professional Committee of the Beijing Chinese Medicine Association, to introduce two palace medicines used to improve the function of the respiratory system and prevent respiratory diseases. Tea party.


You can't go without tea for a day - the favorite lung-raising tea of Emperor Qianlong during his lifetime




Emperor Qianlong died at the age of eighty-nine years old. He reigned for sixty years and served as the Supreme Emperor for four years. He ruled for a total of sixty-four years. Regardless of lifespan and ruling time, he ranks first among the emperors for more than 2,000 years. There are many reasons for Qianlong's longevity. The most important one is that Emperor Qianlong paid great attention to longevity and health care, and was very particular about his daily diet and daily life. Among them, drinking tea was one of Emperor Qianlong's health preservation methods.


According to legend, Emperor Qianlong in his later years was even more addicted to tea, and even set up a special roast tea dock in Beihai Jingqingzhai for leisurely tasting. In the 60th year of Qianlong's reign, Emperor Qianlong decided to abdicate the throne to his fifteenth son Yongyan, later Jiaqing, and proclaimed himself the Supreme Emperor. During the period, an old official did not know whether he wanted to flatter him or sincerely persuaded him: "A country cannot live without a ruler for a day!" Emperor Qianlong picked up a cup of tea on the imperial case and said, "You can't be without tea for a day!" This couplet is not only a It is neat and tidy, and it truly reflects that Emperor Qianlong really loved tea.


Emperor Qianlong, who was so fond of drinking tea, also had his favorite tea recipes in terms of nourishing and moisturizing the lungs and improving respiratory function.


Teacher Zhang Jingchun introduced a tea with lung-nourishing function that Emperor Qianlong liked to drink before his death-green tea.


green tea




Green tea, also known as oolong tea, belongs to semi-fermented tea.


Its nature is peaceful, it can moisten the throat and produce body fluid, resolve phlegm and lower qi.


Common green teas include Tieguanyin, Wuyi rock tea, Taiwan oolong and so on.




Oolong tea evolved from the Song Dynasty tribute tea dragon group and phoenix cake. It was created during the Yongzheng period of the Qing Dynasty.


It has the functions of refreshing the mind, eliminating food and getting rid of greasy, promoting fluid and quenching thirst, and sobering up.


Tieguanyin is fragrant and elegant. After brewing, it has a natural orchid fragrance, and the fragrance is fragrant and lasting. According to legend, the name "Tieguanyin" also has a story with the royal family. It is said that Fang Wangxi, the servant of the Ministry of Rites, presented this tea to Emperor Qianlong, and Qianlong liked it very much after tasting it. Seeing that the tea was dark green like iron, with a beautiful aroma and shape, it was like "Guanyin", so he named it "Tieguanyin".




According to Zhang Jingchun, the research found that,


Tieguanyin has anti-aging, anti-arteriosclerosis, prevention and treatment of diabetes, weight loss and fitness, prevention and treatment of dental caries, clearing heat and reducing fire.


Another study found that the organic chemical components it contains, such as tea polyphenols, catechins, various amino acids, as well as trace elements such as manganese, iron, fluorine, potassium, and sodium, are significantly higher than other teas. Among them, the tea with high fluoride content ranks first among all kinds of tea, which has a certain effect on the prevention and treatment of dental caries and senile osteoporosis.


In general:


Green tea can clear the lungs and soothe the throat, improve the function of the respiratory system, and prevent respiratory diseases; it is rich in tea polyphenols, which can help regulate blood lipids, diuretic and laxative, antibacterial and antiviral, protect the liver and nourish the stomach, and clear mouth odor; rich in tea polyphenols The catechins have the functions of delaying aging, preventing dental caries, changing the distribution of intestinal microorganisms, antibacterial, and deodorizing.


Medicinal tea recipes for relieving heat and diseases in summer, appetizing and digestion, and coping with summer heat and cold


Entering July, high temperature weather occurs frequently across the country, with high temperatures of more than 30 degrees becoming standard in all places, and the Central Meteorological Observatory continues to issue high temperature yellow warnings. In high temperature weather, people are not only prone to heatstroke, but also have a unique cold in summer-shushi cold, which is commonly known as a cold by the common people. Common symptoms include fever, coughing up thick phlegm, and runny nose.


In the past, there was no air conditioner in the palace, what should I do if there was heat stroke or a cold?


Teacher Zhang Jingchun introduced a medicinal tea that can not only relieve heat and disease in the summer, but also treat colds due to summer dampness.


Puji Herbal Tea


[Composition] Nanhuoxiang 6 taels 4 taels, Atractylodes 7 taels 2 taels, Muxiang 7 taels 6 taels, Pinellia 7 taels 5 taels, Su Mint 7 taels 8 taels, Magnolia 7 taels 5 taels, tangerine peel 3 taels, Jing Mustard 8 taels 1 tael, green peel 6 taels, papaya 7 taels 8 taels, citrus aurantium 7 taels 8 taels, betel nut 7 taels 8 taels, Nansu leaves 8 taels 1 taels, licorice 3 taels (raw), and Anhua tea 20 jins.


[Usage] Grind to fine powder, mix well and listen.


【Indications】This tea is specially used to treat thoracic and diaphragmatic swelling and stuffiness, noisy abdominal epigastric cavity, fullness after eating, unhealthy qi in the four seasons, headache, fever and aversion to cold, cold and cough, vomiting and saliva, the function of dispelling food and dispelling cold, widening the middle and lowering qi, Cure the table, clear the plague, and stop vomiting in the stomach. Just drink it.


Teacher Zhang Jingchun introduced that this is a medicinal tea that relieves heat and relieves illnesses in the summer months in the palace, relaxes the stomach and neutralizes the stomach.


It has the functions of lifting spirit, dispelling evil qi, appetizing and digesting food.


. Tea is bitter, sweet and cool in nature. And adding Nepeta, Mint, Huoxiang, Atractylodes, Su Ye and other herbs to the tea leaves, the power of relieving the exterior and dispelling heat, dispersing and promoting circulation is stronger, and the effect of regulating qi and neutralization is more effective. And the scents such as woody, magnolia, mint, etc. are fragrant, which complements the smell of tea, mint, huoxiang relieve heat and dampness, clear the head, and add papaya, betel nut, dehumidification and water, Pinellia, citrus peel, tangerine peel, green peel It is a product for strengthening the spleen and stomach and regulating qi. It integrates the functions of dispelling summer heat, removing dampness, strengthening the spleen, regulating qi and invigorating water.


The most valuable part of this recipe is the combination of the weight of the medicine, which is exquisite and exquisite to the money (1~3 grams), which may have some notable implications with the coldness of the medicinal properties and the sweetness and bitterness of the smell. Generally, medicinal teas often have the disadvantage that the medicinal qi is better than the tea qi, and the high-quality Anhua tea of this recipe is 20 catties, and the medicines are about half a catty. Excellent, worth learning from.


Anhua dark tea, produced in Hunan Province, belongs to post-fermentation tea and is the ancestor of Chinese dark tea. It was designated as the official tea during the Wanli period. The main varieties are Sanjian, Sanzhuan, and Yijuan. Among them, Tianjian and Gongjian were listed as tributes for the royal family to drink during the Daoguang period of the Qing Dynasty.




"Compendium of Materia Medica Supplements" records that Anhua tea "is dark in color, bitter and sweet in taste, and clears the mind and stomach when eaten. It is wet in nature, bitter in taste and slightly sweet, and it reduces stagnation of qi, eliminates stagnation, and eliminates cold."


Black tea has the functions of relieving greasy, regulating stomach, producing body fluid and quenching thirst


It has good effects on blood pressure, lipid and blood sugar reduction, coronary heart disease treatment, prevention and treatment of senile osteoporosis, and enhancement of resistance.


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