Top 10 Chinese Teas 中国十大茗茶
Issuing time:2022-03-14 12:23
1. West Lake Longjing
The history of West Lake Longjing can be traced back to the Tang Dynasty.
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Lu Yu's book "The Classic of Tea" records that the two temples of Tianzhu and Lingyin in Hangzhou were producing tea at that time. During the Northern Song Dynasty, the West Lake Longjing tea area had begun to take shape, and by the Ming Dynasty, Longjing tea had entered the list of famous Chinese teas.
West Lake Longjing belongs to the green tea category and is produced in the mountains surrounding the West Lake in Hangzhou. It is famous in the world for its "green color, fragrant fragrance, mellow taste and beautiful shape".
West Lake Longjing was produced in the surrounding areas of Shifeng, Longjing, Yunqi and Hupao, and was once divided into four categories: “Lion, Dragon, Cloud and Running”. Among the five varieties, it is generally considered that the Longjing produced by Shifeng Mountain is the best, followed by Longjing Village. Yunqi and Meijiawu again.
Common brands include Gong, Lion, Lu Zhenghao, West Lake, Royal, Liuhe Pagoda, etc.
2. Biluochun in Dongting
"Dongting Biluochun, the fragrance of tea and thyme is drunk."
Biluochun is one of the famous green teas in China. It is often called Dongting Biluochun because it is produced on the Dongting Mountain in Taihu Lake. Biluochun has the characteristics of many buds, tender fragrance, clear soup and mellow taste, and is known as a treasure in tea.
Dongting Biluochun is divided into seven grades according to the grade. The 500g grade one Biluochun has about 65,000 tea teeth, while the second grade Biluochun has only 55,000.
Biluochun is also known as "one tender and three fresh" (referring to tender buds and leaves, color, fragrance and fresh taste).
3. Wuyi Rock Tea
Green tea (Oolong tea), among the six major tea types in Wuyi Rock Tea, is the best among green teas, produced in Wuyi Mountain, Fujian. Wuyi Mountain is mostly composed of pinnacles and rock walls formed by red sandstone, during which tea trees are planted, hence the name Wuyi Rock Tea.
Wuyi rock tea has a long history. It was famous in the Northern and Southern Dynasties at the earliest, and was sold overseas in the Qing Dynasty.
Wuyi rock tea is divided into five series: cinnamon, narcissus, Mingcong, Dahongpao and odd species. Among them, cinnamon and narcissus are the leading varieties of Wuyi rock tea; Mingcong refers to a single tea tree with excellent quality and special style; Dahongpao is the first of Wuyi's famous clusters, and is listed as a single variety; Qizhong is made of local dishes. Made of tea varieties.
Wuyi rock tea has a long-standing reputation for its living, sweet, clear and fragrant characteristics. Fan Zhongyan praised Wuyi rock tea with these verses: "The green dust flies beside the gold mill, the purple jade ou heart snows. The fragrance of tea is like Bo Lanzhi."
4. Anxi Tieguanyin
Anxi Tieguanyin is one of the famous green teas, produced in Anxi County, Fujian Province. There are many excellent tea tree varieties in Anxi, such as Tieguanyin, Oolong, Narcissus, Qilan, Hairy Crab, Huangxiao, etc. Among them, the quality of Tieguanyin is the best. The output of Tieguanyin is not high, but the tea produced is fragrant and mellow, and it is regarded as the leader in tea. But it is not easy to plant, so Tieguanyin is also more valuable.
Now Anxi Tieguanyin is well-known at home and abroad, especially appreciated by consumers in Southeast Asia.
5. Tunxi green tea
Tunxi Green Tea, or Tun Lu for short, is one of the finest green teas. Tunxi green tea is produced in Xiuning, Shexian, Yixian, Ningguo, Jixi and Qimen at the foot of Huangshan Mountain in Anhui. It is the collective name of green tea in several counties in southern Anhui. It is called "Tunxi Green Tea" because it has been distributed in Tunxi Tea Market in history.
Tunxi green tea is slender and beautiful in appearance, the color is green and gray with luster, and the shape is slightly curved just like the eyebrows of the elderly, so it is also called "eyebrow tea".
The aroma of Tun Green is high and lasting, and the taste is strong and mellow.
The prepared Tunxi green tea has six varieties, including Zhenmei, Gongxi, Tezhen, Yucha, Xiumei, and Lupian. Among them, Zhenmei is the top grade of eyebrow tea.
6. Keemun black tea
Qimen black tea, referred to as Qihong for short, is a high-quality black tea. It is produced in Qimen County in the branch area of Huangshan Mountain in the southwest of Anhui Province and the adjacent Dongzhi, Yixian and Guichi counties.
Qimen has superior natural conditions and has a long history of tea production. Green tea has been produced since the Tang Dynasty, but black tea production began in modern times.
Keemun black tea has become a rising star of Keemun with its excellent quality. It is as famous as Darjeeling black tea in India and Uva black tea in Sri Lanka, and is known as "the world's three most famous teas with high fragrance".
7. Xinyang Maojian
Xinyang Maojian is one of the famous green teas. It is produced in the Dabie Mountains of Xinyang, Henan Province. It is also known as "Yu Mao Peak" because of its appearance of pekoe and obvious bud peaks. It is produced in Henan. Xinyang Maojian is a famous native product in Henan Province, which has always been famous for its delicate raw materials, exquisite workmanship, beautiful shape, high fragrance and long taste.
Xinyang has a long history of tea production, and Xinyang Maojian is also well-known for a long time. As early as the Tang Dynasty tea saint Lu Yu's "Tea Classic", Gwangju tea (ie Xinyang Maojian) was listed as the top grade of tea, and Su Dongpo in the Song Dynasty also said that "Huainan tea is the first in Xinyang".
After the Xinyang Maojian is soaked, the color is clear and green, and the fragrance is mellow, which makes people feel relaxed and happy. Take a sip, the taste is fresh and the aftertaste is sweet.
8. Junshan Silver Needle
Junshan Silver Needle is one of the famous yellow teas. Its finished tea strips are firm and uniform in size. The inside of the tea buds is golden, and the outer layer of pekoe is obvious. The shape is like a silver needle. , hence the name Junshan Silver Needle.
Junshan Silver Needle has a long history. According to legend, Junshan Silver Needle originated from "White Crane Tea" in Tang Dynasty. It has been produced and famous in the Tang Dynasty.
Junshan Silver Needle is the best of yellow tea. After brewing, the tea soup is bright yellow and the bottom of the leaves is bright. It is called "Qiong syrup and jade liquid".
9. Yunnan Pu’er
Pu-erh tea, also known as Yunnan green tea, is a special tea made from large-leaf sun-dried green tea produced in Yunnan. According to the regulations, only the tea produced in 639 towns and towns in Pu'er, Kunming, Xishuangbanna and other cities in Yunnan Province within the scope of geographical indication protection can be called Pu'er tea.
Yunnan is the native place of the world's tea trees. All kinds of teas originate from the Pu'er tea producing areas in Yunnan. Therefore, Pu'er tea has a very long history.
After the raw Pu-erh tea is made, it still needs a long maturation process so that the tea has a pure taste and stable quality. Different from ordinary tea leaves, the longer Pu’er tea is stored, the more fresh and lasting its aroma will be. Pu’er tea that has been stored in dry storage for two or three years or even seven or eight years is the top grade in Pu’er. Therefore, Yunnan Pu'er has the property of getting more fragrant with age, and is called "drinkable antique", which has unique collection value.
10. Yunnan Dianhong
Dianhong is the collective name of Yunnan black tea. It is divided into two types: Dianhong Gongfu tea and Dianhong broken tea. Dianhong Gongfu tea is a bar tea with a mellow taste, and Dianhong broken tea is a granular tea with a strong and exciting taste. Generally, Gongfu tea is the top grade in Dianhong.
Like Pu'er tea, Dianhong tea is produced on the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau between the two major water systems of the Lancang River and Nujiang River. modern times.
Dianhong is known in the world for its "beautiful shape, bright color, high fragrance and strong taste". The biggest feature of Dianhong is the exposure of golden hair. Its hair color is light yellow, chrysanthemum yellow, and golden yellow. The color of Dianhong produced in different places and seasons is also different.
Another major feature of Dianhong Gongfu tea is its rich and long-lasting aroma, which is a special aroma derived from the variety and regional characteristics of the tea tree.
Article classification: 中国十大名茶