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铁观音纯雅礼和
铁观音纯雅礼和


乌龙茶色香韵味
‍‍乌龙茶色香韵味
News Detail

安溪铁观音太空中茶文化

  4
Issuing time:2022-03-01 16:24

从太空中的卫星轨道向下望去,安溪数万亩碧绿的铁观音茶园,万里绿波迤逦展开,镶嵌在中国版图上的东南沿海地带。千百年来,祖祖辈辈的安溪人就是在这片土地上耕作、培育,用心血和汗水浇灌出了闻名世界的安溪铁观音。


坐落在泉州腹地的安溪县,同样深受航海文化的熏陶,藤铁工艺产品畅销世界60多个国家和地区,深受国际市场的青睐。


从饮茶、植茶到以茶兴县,从脱贫摘帽到“全国百强”,从源远流长的海洋文化到敢拼会赢的福建精神,安溪人从未停歇脚踏实地的苦干,也从未停止过对于伟大事业的渴望。


一颗卫星,点亮新时代安溪人迈向星辰大海的新步伐。


2022年2月27日11时06分,“安溪铁观音一号”卫星于中国文昌卫星发射中心搭载长征八号遥二运载火箭发射升空。这颗具有高分辨率、高集成度和智能化特点的卫星,由安溪县人民政府与中科星桥和长光卫星共同合作发射,是福建省第一颗亚米级地面分辨率的商业光学遥感卫星,也是我国第一颗以茶叶品牌冠名的遥感卫星。


以铁观音命名的卫星,寄托着安溪人对茶产业高质量发展的期许。茶产业,见证着安溪人的苦难辉煌。




2022年2月27日11时06分,中国文昌卫星发射中心,“安溪铁观音一号”卫星搭载长征八号遥二运载火箭发射升空。(安溪县委宣传部 供图)


1


敢拼会赢 安溪一叶兴而百业兴


安溪,全县总面积3057.28平方公里,是中国乌龙茶的故乡和世界名茶铁观音的发源地,却也曾是福建全省最大的国定贫困县,一个令域外人士望而却步的贫瘠之地。


地处东南沿海的泉州,得改革开放风气之先,安溪人也逐渐清醒,立志走上致富路。安溪人民不再喊山高,不再叫路远,在县委、县政府领导下,摘穷帽,奔小康,实现了从国家级贫困县到全国百强县的转身。


茶产业,见证了安溪人的致富梦。


从唐代以来,茶叶便是安溪的重要作物之一,到了明清时期,安溪茶业生产更加趋向成熟,饮茶、植茶、制茶风靡全县各地,茶业成为当地的一大产业。“清水高峰,出云吐雾,寺僧植茶,饱山岚之气,沐日月之精,得烟霞之霭,食之能疗百病。”这是明代所修安溪县志《清水岩志》中对安溪茶的记载,足见茶已融入安溪人的日常生活。


在“与茶共生”的岁月里,安溪茶人逐渐积累了宝贵的制茶经验,他们在旧有的茶叶品种之上推陈出新,取众方之精炮制新茶,于是“铁观音”应运而生。谁都料想不到,这一片小小的乌龙茶叶,竟蕴含着改变一个县域命运的力量。


将时间拉回到现代,安溪县结合当地实际,扬长避短,充分发挥资源禀赋,倾力发展茶叶经济。在县委、县政府领导下,在全境人民的共同努力下,安溪不仅成功打造出惠及几十万安溪茶农的乌龙茶产业,更孕育了良好的市场经济环境和创业氛围,走出了一条“以农促工”的发展新路径。乌龙茶产业的迅速成熟,更带动了安溪上下游产业链的协同发展,以印刷包装、茶叶机械、食品加工为代表的新型产业在安溪大量崛起,短短数年间,安溪的工业产值成倍增长。如今,全县涉茶总产值增至280亿元,安溪铁观音以1428.46亿元的品牌价值连续两年位列中国区域品牌(地理标志产品)价值第一。


随之而来的,是一个贫困县走上全国百强县的荣耀。2020年10月9日,安溪被生态环境部授予第四批国家生态文明建设示范市县称号。2021年,安溪县被评为全国综合实力百强县市第57位、全国投资潜力百强县市第18位、全国绿色发展百强县市第52位、全国科技创新百强县市第75位、中国工业百强县(市)第75位。




具有茶乡特色的现代化中等城市正在安溪加速照进现实。(林思宏 摄)


如果说以铁观音为代表的茶产业,代表了安溪人迎难而上、脚踏实地的一面,那么藤铁工艺则展现了安溪人敢于冒险、放胆开拓的另一面。


山藤竹木、铁线钢板,寻常的材料,在一代代手工艺人的传承与创新下,安溪藤铁工艺从一根不起眼的藤条裂变为一件件精美的家居工艺品,飞进了千家万户,更飞进了全球市场。


据悉,安溪现有家居工艺企业2200多家,从业人员15万人,产品远销世界60多个国家和地区。2021年,安溪藤铁家居工艺品实现产值230亿元,居全国同类产品县(市)之首。


茶与藤铁,成为安溪两大具有地方特色的代表性产业。对于安溪而言,随着中国经济走向高质量发展新阶段,如何促进产业转型升级、提高安溪铁观音和藤铁工艺核心竞争力、持续助力区域经济的高质量发展,是安溪县面临的崭新课题。


寻求高质量发展,脚踏实地和放胆开拓的精神不可或缺。因地制宜、扬长补短,结合实际情况,才能走出适合本地区实际的高质量发展之路。“十四五”时期,是开启全面建设社会主义现代化国家新征程的第一个五年,也是安溪实现产业转型升级的关键时期。


安溪铁观音一号”卫星的发射,便是对高质量发展这一时代课题的呼应。无论是茶产业,还是藤铁产业,过往的历史中浸染着敢拼会赢的福建精神,也成为安溪人脱贫致富、敢于创先的时代坐标。


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卫星闪耀 高质量发展走向新征程


卫星出征,安溪沸腾。


在短视频平台有关“‘安溪铁观音一号’卫星出征”的视频下,网友满怀激动地留言:“安溪铁观音[赞][赞][赞]”“给太空送茶喝!”“给空间站送铁观音!”……自豪感溢于言表。


对于安溪而言,“安溪铁观音一号”卫星的发射,极具现实意义。


在安溪,农民人均纯收入中有56%来自于茶业,正所谓“一叶兴则百业兴”,安溪茶业事关安溪经济社会发展。近年来,安溪县以供给侧改革为抓手,深入落实脱贫攻坚、乡村振兴等战略,誓让安溪茶产业高质量发展。




福建省首个数字茶业云平台中国移动物联网茶业监测采集系统、安溪铁观音地理标志农产品数字化一张图服务平台等相继建成并投入使用。图为技术员走进茶园,利用数字茶业云平台,为茶农提供气象等信息服务。(章桂林 摄)


2020年,安溪县出台《安溪县扶持茶产业高质量发展暂行规定》,从绿色发展、转型升级、人才培育、科技创新、三产融合、品类多元发展、金融支农、品牌强茶、市场拓展、茶企打造等十个维度出台针对性扶持措施,旨在为安溪县茶产业高质量发展输入新动能。《规定》中指出,安溪茶园下一步要全域范围打造智慧茶园,依托新技术进一步提高茶园的种植水平,维持当地经济稳定高速发展。其中,在茶园管理、灾害预警、土地利用管理、产业政策制定等方面具有突出作用的遥感监测技术,便是安溪县下一步打磨的重点。


2020年8月,海西唯一的商业遥感卫星站——全球商业遥感卫星地面接收站福建站落户数字福建(安溪)产业园。该站的落地,大大提升了安溪县在中国数字经济发展领域的地位和影响力,吸引了一批高科技企业、高质量项目入驻安溪产业园区,更对安溪县卫星应用产业发展产生了推动作用,为“安溪铁观音一号”卫星的研发与应用提供了支撑平台。


在技术上,“安溪铁观音一号”卫星将赋予茶产业数字化建设的新动能。根据介绍,“安溪铁观音一号”卫星拥有各类先进成像模式,除了常规成像模式外,还具有非沿轨灵巧成像模式,可直接获取“准正射”原始图像;低照度夜光成像模式可获取城市夜间灯光图像。依托高分辨率、高集成度和智能化特性,“安溪铁观音一号”卫星能够从高空轨道对茶园中每一株茶树的长势进行监测,并进行病虫害监测、茶树生命周期的质量溯源,为铁观音茶叶的品质、铁观音品牌的“硬实力”提供了保障。


在产业协同上,“安溪铁观音一号”卫星将成为数字福建(安溪)产业园建设新基点,“安溪铁观音一号”卫星的发射,不仅能够极大地鼓舞“安溪人”的茶业发展士气和热情,而且能够提升铁观音在国内外的品牌影响力,由卫星带来的企业、技术、人才、资金等产业集聚效应将极为明显,为“数字福建”的建设注入鲜活动力。


“数字福建”的重大决策影响深远,近年来,福建省始终把“数字福建”作为战略工程持续推进。“安溪铁观音一号”卫星的发射,是安溪县响应“数字福建”工程的重大举措,也必将成为福建省大力发展特色高新技术产业、创新发展机制、完善基础设施、加强创新能力、培育应用市场、打造产业链条、推动产业集聚的重要一环。未来,安溪还将筹划举办铁观音茶衍生品研发创新大赛,以赛事为载体,调动茶叶生产主体、科研机构参与研发创新的积极性,拓展铁观音茶应用领域,不断挖掘安溪县茶业发展的N种可能。


随着“安溪铁观音一号”卫星的升空,我们已然能够想象这颗卫星完全投入使用后的图景:苍穹之上,卫星注视着万亩茶园,来自天空的信号闪烁着技术的光芒,将安溪茶产业的数字化宣言带向太空,带向全球。


茶产业腾飞、藤铁出海,国内国际双循环相互促进的新发展格局下,安溪的产业路径,以茶为帆,以藤铁为桅,迎接数字时代的东风,驶向星辰大海。

Looking down from the satellite orbit in space, Anxi's tens of thousands of acres of green tea gardens, with thousands of miles of green waves, are embedded in the southeastern coastal area of China. For thousands of years, the ancestors of Anxi people have cultivated and cultivated on this land, and watered the world-famous Anxi Tieguanyin with hard work and sweat.


Anxi County, located in the hinterland of Quanzhou, is also deeply influenced by the nautical culture. Rattan and iron craft products sell well in more than 60 countries and regions in the world, and are favored by the international market.


From drinking tea, planting tea to revitalizing the county with tea, from poverty alleviation to the "Top 100 National", from the long-standing marine culture to the Fujian spirit of daring to fight and win, Anxi people have never stopped working hard, and have never stopped working hard. Stop craving for great things.


A satellite that lights up Anxi people's new steps towards the sea of stars in the new era.


At 11:06 on February 27, 2022, the "Anxi Tieguanyin-1" satellite was launched from the Wenchang Satellite Launch Center in China on a Long March 8 Yao-2 carrier rocket. This satellite with high resolution, high integration and intelligence was launched by the Anxi County People's Government in cooperation with Zhongke Xingqiao and Changguang Satellite. It is the first commercial optical satellite with sub-meter ground resolution in Fujian Province. The remote sensing satellite is also the first remote sensing satellite named after the tea brand in my country.


The satellite named after Tieguanyin expresses the expectations of Anxi people for the high-quality development of the tea industry. The tea industry has witnessed the glorious suffering of Anxi people.




At 11:06 on February 27, 2022, at the Wenchang Satellite Launch Center in China, the "Anxi Tieguanyin-1" satellite was launched on the Long March 8 Yao-2 carrier rocket. (Photo courtesy of the Propaganda Department of Anxi County Party Committee)


1


Dare to fight will win


Anxi, with a total area of 3,057.28 square kilometers, is the hometown of Chinese oolong tea and the birthplace of the world-famous Tieguanyin tea.


Quanzhou, which is located on the southeast coast, had to reform and open up first, and the people of Anxi gradually became sober and determined to embark on the road to prosperity. Under the leadership of the county party committee and the county government, the people of Anxi no longer called Shangao or Luyuan. They took off their poor hats and went to a well-off society, realizing their transformation from a national poverty-stricken county to one of the top 100 counties in the country.


The tea industry has witnessed Anxi people's dream of becoming rich.


Since the Tang Dynasty, tea has been one of the important crops in Anxi. In the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the production of Anxi tea industry became more mature. Tea drinking, tea planting and tea making were popular all over the county, and the tea industry became a major local industry. "The peak of Qingshui, the clouds and mists, the monks planting tea, the breath of the mountains, the essence of the sun and the moon, the haze of the haze, and the cure of all diseases." The records of Anxi tea in China show that tea has been integrated into the daily life of Anxi people.


In the years of "symbiosis with tea", Anxi tea people have gradually accumulated valuable tea-making experience. They have introduced new teas on top of the old tea varieties, and made new teas with the essence of many recipes, so "Tieguanyin" came into being. No one could have imagined that this small piece of oolong tea contained the power to change the fate of a county.


Bringing the time back to the modern era, Anxi County, in combination with the local reality, makes full use of its strengths and avoids weaknesses, gives full play to its resource endowments, and makes every effort to develop the tea economy. Under the leadership of the county party committee and the county government, and with the joint efforts of people from all over the country, Anxi has not only successfully created an oolong tea industry that benefits hundreds of thousands of Anxi tea farmers, but also nurtured a good market economic environment and entrepreneurial atmosphere, and has gone out of a "farmer-oriented" approach. A new path for the development of "promoting labor". The rapid maturity of the oolong tea industry has also driven the coordinated development of the upstream and downstream industrial chains in Anxi. New industries represented by printing and packaging, tea machinery, and food processing have emerged in Anxi. In just a few years, the industrial output value of Anxi has doubled. Today, the county's total tea-related output value has increased to 28 billion yuan, and Anxi Tieguanyin has ranked first in the value of China's regional brands (geographical indication products) for two consecutive years with a brand value of 142.846 billion yuan.


What followed was the honor of a poor county becoming one of the top 100 counties in the country. On October 9, 2020, Anxi was awarded the title of the fourth batch of national ecological civilization construction demonstration cities and counties by the Ministry of Ecology and Environment. In 2021, Anxi County will be rated as the 57th among the top 100 counties and cities in China with comprehensive strength, the 18th among the top 100 counties and cities in the country for investment potential, the 52nd among the top 100 counties and cities in the country for green development, and the 75th among the top 100 counties and cities in the country for scientific and technological innovation. Ranked 75th among the top 100 industrial counties (cities) in China.




A modern medium-sized city with the characteristics of a tea town is accelerating into reality in Anxi. (Photo by Lin Sihong)


If the tea industry represented by Tieguanyin represents the side of Anxi people facing difficulties and being down-to-earth, then rattan iron craftsmanship shows the other side of Anxi people who dare to take risks and develop boldly.


Mountain rattan, bamboo, wood, iron wire steel plate, ordinary materials, under the inheritance and innovation of generations of craftsmen, Anxi rattan and iron crafts have cracked from an inconspicuous rattan to a piece of exquisite home handicrafts, flying into thousands of families households, and flew into the global market.


It is reported that there are more than 2,200 household craft enterprises in Anxi, with 150,000 employees, and their products are exported to more than 60 countries and regions in the world. In 2021, Anxi rattan and iron home handicrafts will achieve an output value of 23 billion yuan, ranking first in the county (city) of similar products in the country.


Tea and rattan iron have become two representative industries with local characteristics in Anxi. For Anxi, as China's economy moves towards a new stage of high-quality development, how to promote industrial transformation and upgrading, improve the core competitiveness of Anxi Tieguanyin and rattan iron craftsmanship, and continue to contribute to the high-quality development of the regional economy is a new issue facing Anxi County. .


In pursuit of high-quality development, the spirit of down-to-earth and bold development is indispensable. Only by adapting measures to local conditions, building on strengths and making up for weaknesses, and taking into account the actual situation, can we embark on a high-quality development path suitable for the actual situation of the region. The "14th Five-Year Plan" period is the first five years to start a new journey of building a socialist modern country in an all-round way, and it is also a critical period for Anxi to realize industrial transformation and upgrading.


The launch of the "Anxi Tieguanyin-1" satellite is a response to the era of high-quality development. Whether it is the tea industry or the rattan and iron industry, the past history is imbued with the Fujian spirit of daring to fight and win, and it has also become an era coordinate for Anxi people to get rid of poverty and become rich and dare to be pioneers.


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Satellites shine, high-quality development leads to a new journey


The satellite set off, and Anxi was boiling.


Under the short video platform's video about "'Anxi Tieguanyin No. 1' Satellite Expedition", netizens left a message full of excitement: "Anxi Tieguanyin [Like] [Like] [Like]" "Send tea to space!" "Give The space station will send Tieguanyin!"... The pride is beyond words.


For Anxi, the launch of the "Anxi Tieguanyin-1" satellite is of great practical significance.


In Anxi, 56% of farmers' per capita net income comes from the tea industry. As the so-called "one leaf prospers, all industries prosper", Anxi tea industry is related to Anxi's economic and social development. In recent years, Anxi County has taken the supply-side reform as the starting point, deeply implemented strategies such as poverty alleviation and rural revitalization, and vowed to make Anxi tea industry develop with high quality.




The first digital tea industry cloud platform in Fujian Province, China Mobile IoT Tea Industry Monitoring and Collection System, and Anxi Tieguanyin Geographical Indication Agricultural Product Digital One Map Service Platform have been built and put into use. The picture shows a technician walking into a tea garden and using the digital tea industry cloud platform to provide tea farmers with information services such as meteorology. (Photo by Zhang Guilin)


In 2020, Anxi County issued the "Interim Regulations on Supporting the High-Quality Development of the Tea Industry in Anxi County", from green development, transformation and upgrading, talent cultivation, technological innovation, integration of the three industries, diversified development of categories, financial support for agriculture, strong brand tea, and market expansion. Targeted support measures have been introduced in ten dimensions, including the establishment of tea enterprises, aiming to introduce new momentum for the high-quality development of the tea industry in Anxi County. The "Regulations" pointed out that the next step of Anxi Tea Garden is to build a smart tea garden in the whole area, relying on new technologies to further improve the planting level of tea gardens, and maintain the stable and rapid development of the local economy. Among them, remote sensing monitoring technology, which plays a prominent role in tea garden management, disaster warning, land use management, and industrial policy formulation, is the focus of Anxi County's next polishing.


In August 2020, the only commercial remote sensing satellite station in Haixi, the Global Commercial Remote Sensing Satellite Ground Receiving Station Fujian Station, settled in Digital Fujian (Anxi) Industrial Park. The landing of this station has greatly enhanced Anxi County's status and influence in China's digital economy development field, attracted a number of high-tech enterprises and high-quality projects to settle in Anxi Industrial Park, and promoted the development of Anxi County's satellite application industry. , which provides a support platform for the research and development and application of the "Anxi Tieguanyin-1" satellite.


Technically, the "Anxi Tieguanyin-1" satellite will give new momentum to the digital construction of the tea industry. According to the introduction, the "Anxi Tieguanyin-1" satellite has various advanced imaging modes. In addition to the conventional imaging mode, it also has a non-orbital smart imaging mode, which can directly obtain "quasi-orthophoto" original images; the low-light night light imaging mode can Get an image of city night lights. Relying on the characteristics of high resolution, high integration and intelligence, the "Anxi Tieguanyin-1" satellite can monitor the growth of each tea tree in the tea garden from a high-altitude orbit, monitor pests and diseases, and trace the quality of the life cycle of tea trees. The quality of Tieguanyin tea and the "hard power" of Tieguanyin brand provide a guarantee.


In terms of industrial coordination, the "Anxi Tieguanyin-1" satellite will become a new base for the construction of the digital Fujian (Anxi) industrial park. The launch of the "Anxi Tieguanyin-1" satellite will not only greatly encourage the development of the tea industry of "Anxi people" Morale and enthusiasm, and can enhance Tieguanyin's brand influence at home and abroad, the industrial agglomeration effect of enterprises, technology, talents, capital and other industries brought by satellite will be extremely obvious, injecting fresh vitality into the construction of "Digital Fujian".


The major decision of "Digital Fujian" has far-reaching influence. In recent years, Fujian Province has always continued to promote "Digital Fujian" as a strategic project. The launch of the "Anxi Tieguanyin No. 1" satellite is an important measure taken by Anxi County to respond to the "Digital Fujian" project, and it will surely become an important step for Fujian Province to vigorously develop characteristic high-tech industries, innovate development mechanisms, improve infrastructure, strengthen innovation capabilities, cultivate It is an important part of applying the market, building an industrial chain and promoting industrial agglomeration. In the future, Anxi will also plan to hold the Tieguanyin Tea Derivatives R&D and Innovation Competition, using the competition as a carrier to mobilize the enthusiasm of tea production entities and scientific research institutions to participate in R&D and innovation, expand the application field of Tieguanyin tea, and continuously explore the N of tea industry development in Anxi County. a possibility.


With the launch of the "Anxi Tieguanyin-1" satellite, we can already imagine the scene after the satellite is fully put into use: above the sky, the satellite is watching the ten thousand acres of tea gardens, and the signal from the sky is shining with the light of technology, which will The digital manifesto of Anxi tea industry is brought to space and to the world.


Under the new development pattern of the tea industry taking off, rattan and iron going out to sea, and domestic and international dual circulation promoting each other, Anxi's industrial path takes tea as the sail and rattan and iron as the mast to meet the east wind of the digital age and sail to the sea of stars.


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