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铁观音纯雅礼和
铁观音纯雅礼和


乌龙茶色香韵味
‍‍乌龙茶色香韵味
News Detail

中国古代文化知识大全

  1
Issuing time:2022-02-27 15:48

1、三教:儒教、道教、佛教



2、九流:儒家、道家、阴阳家、法家、名家、墨家、纵横家、杂家、农家



3、三皇:伏羲、女娲、神农



4、五帝:太皞、炎帝、黄帝、少皞、颛顼



5、五行:金、木、水、火、土



6、五金:金、银、铜、铁、锡



7、八卦:乾(天)、坤(地)、震(雷)、巽(风)、坎(水)、离(火)、艮(山)、兑(沼)



8、汉字六书:象形、指事、形声、会意、转注、假借



9、书法九势:落笔、转笔、藏峰、藏头、护尾、疾势、掠笔、涩势、横鳞竖勒



10、竹林七贤:嵇康、刘伶、阮籍、山涛、阮咸、向秀、王戎



11、岁寒三友:松、竹、梅



12、花中四君子:梅、兰、竹、菊



13、文人四友:琴、棋、书、画



14、文房四宝:笔、墨、纸、砚



15、四大民间传说:《牛郎织女》、《孟姜女》、《梁山伯与祝英台》、《白蛇与许仙》



16、四大文化遗产:《明清档案》、《殷墟甲骨》、《居延汉简》、《敦煌经卷》



17、元代四大戏剧:关汉卿《窦娥冤》、王实甫《西厢记》、汤显祖《牡丹亭》、洪升《长生殿》



18、七大艺术:绘画、音乐、雕塑、戏剧、文学、建筑、电影



19、四大名瓷窑:河北的瓷州窑、浙江的龙泉窑、江西的景德镇窑、福建的德化窑



20、四大名旦:梅兰芳、程砚秋、尚小云、荀慧生



21、九族:玄孙、曾孙、孙、子、身、父、祖父、曾祖父、高祖父



22、五谷:稻、黍、稷、麦、豆



23、八大菜系:四川菜、湖南菜、山东菜、江苏菜、浙江菜、广东菜、福建菜、安徽菜



24、四大名绣:苏绣(苏州)、湘绣(湖南)、蜀绣(四川)、广绣(广东)



25、四大名扇:檀香扇(江苏)、火画扇(广东)、竹丝扇(四川)、绫绢扇(浙江)



26、四大名花:牡丹(山东菏泽)、水仙(福建漳州)、菊花(浙江杭州)、山茶(云南昆明)



27、十大名茶:西湖龙井(杭州)、碧螺春(江苏)、信阳毛尖(信阳)、君山银针(岳阳)、六安瓜片(安徽)、黄山毛峰(安徽)、祁门红茶(安徽)、都匀毛尖(贵州)、铁观音(福建安溪)、武夷岩茶(福建崇安)



28、四大名著:《三国演义》、《西游记》、《水浒传》、《红楼梦》



29、四大美人图:西施浣沙、昭君出塞、貂婵拜月、贵妃醉酒



30、四大佛教名山:四川峨眉山、浙江普陀山、山西五台山、安徽九华山



31、四大名园:北京颐和园、承德避暑山庄、苏州拙政园、苏州留园



32、三大名楼:岳阳楼、滕王阁、黄鹤楼



33、四大发明:造纸术、指南针、火药、印刷术



34、五大名玉:新疆和田玉、陕西蓝田玉、河南独山玉、甘肃祁连玉、辽宁岫岩玉



35、十大名酒:贵州茅台、五粮液、洋河大曲、泸州老窖 、汾酒 、郎酒、古井贡酒、西凤酒、贵州董酒、剑南春



36、四书:《论语》、《中庸》、《大学》、《孟子》


37、五经:《诗经》、《尚书》、《礼记》、《易经》、《春秋》



38、五音:宫、商、角、徵、羽



39、十恶:谋反、谋大逆、谋叛、谋恶逆、不道、大不敬、不孝、不睦、不义、内乱



40、三山:安徽黄山、江西庐山、浙江雁荡山



41、五岳:(中岳)河南嵩山、(东岳)山东泰山、(西岳)陕西华山、(南岳)湖南衡山、(北岳)山西恒山



42、五湖:鄱阳湖(江西)、洞庭湖(湖南)、太湖(江苏)、洪泽湖(江苏)、巢湖(安徽)



43、四海:渤海、黄海、东海、南海



44、四大名桥:广济桥、赵州桥、洛阳桥、卢沟桥



45、四大名刹:灵岩寺(山东长清)、国清寺(浙江天台)、玉泉寺(湖北江陵)、栖霞寺(江苏南京)



46、四大名亭:醉翁亭(安徽滁县)、陶然亭(北京先农坛)、爱晚亭(湖南长沙)、湖心亭(杭州西湖)



47、四大古镇:景德镇(江西)、佛山镇(广东)、汉口镇(湖北)、朱仙镇(河南)



48、四大碑林:西安碑林(陕西西安)、孔庙碑林(山东曲阜)、地震碑林(四川西昌)、南门碑林(台湾高雄)



49、四大名塔:嵩岳寺塔(河南登封嵩岳寺)、飞虹塔(山西洪洞广胜寺)、释迦塔(山西应县佛宫寺)、千寻塔(云南大理崇圣寺)



50、四大石窟:莫高窟(甘肃敦煌)、云岗石窟(山西大同)、龙门石窟(河南洛阳)、麦积山石窟(甘肃天水)



51、四大书院:白鹿洞书院(江西庐山)、岳麓书院(湖南长沙)、嵩阳书院(河南嵩山)、应天书院(河南商丘)



52、八仙:铁拐李、钟离权、张果老、吕洞宾、何仙姑、蓝采和、韩湘子、曹国舅



53、五脏:心、肝、脾、肺、肾


54、六腑:胃、胆、三焦、膀胱、大肠、小肠



55、七情:喜、怒、哀、乐、爱、恶、欲



56、三纲:君为臣纲,父为子纲,夫为妻纲



57、五常:仁、义、礼、智、信



58、五伦:君臣、父子、兄弟、夫妇、朋友



59、三姑:尼姑、道姑、卦姑


60、六婆:牙婆、媒婆、师婆、虔婆、药婆、稳婆



61、五毒:蝎子、蛇、蜘蛛、蜈蚣、蟾蜍



62、四大古都:西安、洛阳、北京、南京



63、十大姓氏:李、王、张、刘、陈、杨、赵、黄、周、吴

1. Three religions: Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism



2. Nine streams: Confucianism, Taoism, Yin-Yang family, Legalism, famous family, Mohism family, Zongheng family, miscellaneous family, peasant family



3. Three Emperors: Fuxi, Nuwa, Shennong



4. Five emperors: Taihao, Yandi, Huangdi, Shaohao, Zhuanxu



5. Five Elements: Metal, Wood, Water, Fire, Earth



6. Hardware: gold, silver, copper, iron, tin



7. Gossip: Gan (Heaven), Kun (Earth), Zhen (Thunder), Xun (Wind), Kan (Water), Li (Fire), Gen (Mountain), Dui (Swamp)



8. Six Books of Chinese Characters: Pictograms, Refers to Things, Phosphonics, Understanding, Zhuanzhu, Licensing



9. Nine styles of calligraphy: drop the pen, turn the pen, hide the peak, hide the head, protect the tail, swiftness, brush strokes, astringency, horizontal scales and verticals



10. Seven Sages of Bamboo Forest: Ji Kang, Liu Ling, Ruan Ji, Shan Tao, Ruan Xian, Xiang Xiu, Wang Rong



11. Three Friends of the Cold Season: Pine, Bamboo, and Plum



12. Four gentlemen in flowers: plum, orchid, bamboo and chrysanthemum



13. Four friends of the literati: piano, chess, calligraphy and painting



14. The Four Treasures of the Study: Pen, Ink, Paper, Inkstone



15. Four major folklore: "The Cowherd and the Weaver Girl", "Meng Jiangnu", "Liang Shanbo and Zhu Yingtai", "White Snake and Xu Xian"



16. Four major cultural heritages: "Ming and Qing Archives", "Yin Ruins Oracle Bone", "Juyan Han Slips", "Dunhuang Scriptures"



17. Four major plays in Yuan Dynasty: Guan Hanqing's "Dou E's Injustice", Wang Shifu's "The Story of the West Chamber", Tang Xianzu's "Peony Pavilion", Hong Sheng's "Eternal Life Palace"



18. Seven Arts: Painting, Music, Sculpture, Drama, Literature, Architecture, Film



19. Four famous porcelain kilns: Cizhou Kiln in Hebei, Longquan Kiln in Zhejiang, Jingdezhen Kiln in Jiangxi, and Dehua Kiln in Fujian



20. Four famous actors: Mei Lanfang, Cheng Yanqiu, Shang Xiaoyun, Xun Huisheng



21. Nine tribes: great-great-grandson, great-grandson, grandson, son, body, father, grandfather, great-grandfather, great-grandfather



22. Five grains: rice, millet, millet, wheat, beans



23. Eight major cuisines: Sichuan cuisine, Hunan cuisine, Shandong cuisine, Jiangsu cuisine, Zhejiang cuisine, Guangdong cuisine, Fujian cuisine, Anhui cuisine



24. Four famous embroidery: Suzhou Embroidery (Suzhou), Hunan Embroidery (Hunan), Shu Embroidery (Sichuan), Guangxi Embroidery (Guangdong)



25. Four famous fans: sandalwood fan (Jiangsu), fire painting fan (Guangdong), bamboo silk fan (Sichuan), silk fan (Zhejiang)



26. Four famous flowers: peony (Heze, Shandong), narcissus (Zhangzhou, Fujian), chrysanthemum (Hangzhou, Zhejiang), camellia (Kunming, Yunnan)



27. Ten famous teas: West Lake Longjing (Hangzhou), Biluochun (Jiangsu), Xinyang Maojian (Xinyang), Junshan Silver Needle (Yueyang), Lu'an Guapian (Anhui), Huangshan Maofeng (Anhui), Qimen Black Tea (Anhui) ), Duyun Maojian (Guizhou), Tieguanyin (Anxi, Fujian), Wuyi Rock Tea (Chong'an, Fujian)



28. Four famous novels: "Romance of the Three Kingdoms", "Journey to the West", "Water Margin", "A Dream of Red Mansions"



29. Four beauties: Xishi Huansha, Zhaojun out of the fortress, Diaochan worshiping the moon, and the drunken concubine



30. Four famous Buddhist mountains: Mount Emei in Sichuan, Mount Putuo in Zhejiang, Mount Wutai in Shanxi, and Mount Jiuhua in Anhui



31. Four famous gardens: Beijing Summer Palace, Chengde Mountain Resort, Suzhou Humble Administrator's Garden, Suzhou Lingering Garden



32. Three famous buildings: Yueyang Tower, Tengwang Pavilion and Yellow Crane Tower



33. Four great inventions: papermaking, compass, gunpowder, printing



34. Five famous jades: Xinjiang Hetian jade, Shaanxi Lantian jade, Henan Dushan jade, Gansu Qilian jade, Liaoning Xiuyan jade



35. Top Ten Famous Wines: Kweichow Moutai, Wuliangye, Yanghe Daqu, Luzhou Laojiao, Fenjiu, Langjiu, Gujinggong Liquor, Xifeng Liquor, Guizhou Dongjiu, Jiannanchun



36. Four Books: The Analects, The Doctrine of the Mean, The Great Learning, and Mencius


37. Five Classics: "Book of Songs", "Shangshu", "Book of Rites", "Book of Changes", "Spring and Autumn"



38. Five tones: Gong, Shang, Jiao, Zheng, Yu



39. Ten Evils: Rebellion, Rebellion



40. Three Mountains: Anhui Huangshan, Jiangxi Lushan, Zhejiang Yandang Mountain



41. Five Mountains: (Zhongyue) Henan Songshan, (Dongyue) Shandong Taishan, (Xiyue) Shaanxi Huashan, (Nanyue) Hunan Hengshan, (Beijing) Shanxi Hengshan



42. Five Lakes: Poyang Lake (Jiangxi), Dongting Lake (Hunan), Taihu Lake (Jiangsu), Hongze Lake (Jiangsu), Chaohu Lake (Anhui)



43. Four Seas: Bohai Sea, Yellow Sea, East China Sea, South China Sea



44. Four famous bridges: Guangji Bridge, Zhaozhou Bridge, Luoyang Bridge and Lugou Bridge



45. Four famous temples: Lingyan Temple (Shandong Changqing), Guoqing Temple (Zhejiang Tiantai), Yuquan Temple (Hubei Jiangling), Qixia Temple (Jiangsu Nanjing)



46. Four famous pavilions: Drunkard Pavilion (Chu County, Anhui), Taorant Pavilion (Xiannong Altar, Beijing), Aiwan Pavilion (Changsha, Hunan), Huxin Pavilion (West Lake, Hangzhou)



47. Four ancient towns: Jingdezhen (Jiangxi), Foshan (Guangdong), Hankou (Hubei), Zhuxian (Henan)



48. Four Forests of Steles: Forest of Steles in Xi'an (Xi'an, Shaanxi), Forest of Steles at Confucius Temple (Qufu, Shandong), Forest of Steles for Earthquakes (Xichang, Sichuan), Forest of Steles at Nanmen (Kaohsiung, Taiwan)



49. Four famous pagodas: Songyue Pagoda (Songyue Temple in Dengfeng, Henan), Feihong Pagoda (Guangsheng Temple in Hongdong, Shanxi), Sakyamuni Pagoda (Fogong Temple in Yingxian County, Shanxi), Qianxun Pagoda (Dali, Yunnan) holy temple)



50. Four major grottoes: Mogao Grottoes (Dunhuang, Gansu), Yungang Grottoes (Datong, Shanxi), Longmen Grottoes (Luoyang, Henan), Maijishan Grottoes (Tianshui, Gansu)



51. Four major academies: Bailudong Academy (Lushan, Jiangxi), Yuelu Academy (Changsha, Hunan), Songyang Academy (Songshan, Henan), Yingtian Academy (Shangqiu, Henan)



52. Eight Immortals: Tieguai Li, Zhongliquan, Zhang Guolao, Lv Dongbin, He Xiangu, Lan Caihe, Han Xiangzi, Cao Guojiu



53. Five internal organs: heart, liver, spleen, lung, kidney


54. Six Fu organs: stomach, gallbladder, triple burner, bladder, large intestine, small intestine



55. Seven Emotions: Joy, Anger, Sadness, Joy, Love, Evil, Desire



56. Three principles: the ruler is the minister, the father is the son, the husband is the wife



57. The five constants: benevolence, righteousness, propriety, wisdom, and faith



58. Five relationships: ruler and minister, father and son, brother, husband and wife, friend



59. Three aunts: nuns, Taoist aunts, Gua aunts


60. Six Pos: Ya Po, Matchmaker, Shi Po, Qian Po, Medicine Po, Wen Po



61. Five poisons: scorpion, snake, spider, centipede, toad



62. Four ancient capitals: Xi'an, Luoyang, Beijing, Nanjing



63. Top ten surnames: Li, Wang, Zhang, Liu, Chen, Yang, Zhao, Huang, Zhou, Wu


Article classification: 茶叶知识
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